Bottom Line: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening people who are pregnant for asymptomatic bacteriuria (bacteria in the urine without signs or symptoms of a urinary tract infection) using urine culture and not screening other adults. The condition is present in an estimated 2% to 10% of pregnant women and is associated with pyelonephritis, a kidney infection that is a common reason for hospitalization in pregnant women. The USPSTF routinely makes recommendations about the effectiveness of preventive care services and this statement updates its 2008 recommendation.
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