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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1119.

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Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
Physical Review Physics Education Research
Physics camp has proven benefits for high school girls
Studies by Rice's Office of STEM Engagement show that engaging high school girls in physics before they begin formal studies gives them an edge, and helping K-12 teachers incorporate engineering concepts in the classroom boosts their students -- and themselves.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
NSF CAREER award supports Schwartz's research on the Lebedev Process
Thomas Schwartz seeks to unravel the inner workings of the Lebedev process, an effort that earned him a $513,995 CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation. The University of Maine assistant professor of chemical engineering will discern the chemical mechanism by which butadiene is produced from ethanol. He also will deduce the point in the process at which carbon-carbon bond formation occurs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marcus Wolf
marcus.wolf@maine.edu
207-581-3721
University of Maine

Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
Science
Canadian scientists and Swiss surgeons discover the cause of excess post-surgical scarring
Canadian Scientists and Swiss Surgeons discover the cause of excess post-surgical scarring. The finding could improve recovery from abdominal and pelvic surgery. The research published in Science, was conducted in mice and shows the excess scarring is caused by macrophages. The researchers also discovered two ways to inhibit this natural response. Macrophages are also present in humans. The team hopes to move to trials on human cells, soon, and eventually clinical trials.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Heart & Stroke, and the Canadian Institutes of Heath Research Canada Research Chairs Program, Swiss National Science Foundation.

Contact: Kelly Johnston
kelly.johnston2@ucalgary.ca
403-617-8691
University of Calgary

Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
Christopher Tunnell wins NSF CAREER Award
Rice University computational astroparticle physicist Christopher Tunnell wins a National Science Foundation CAREER Award to advance his search for dark matter and other phenomena.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Williams
mikewilliams@rice.edu
713-348-6728
Rice University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
Physical Review Letters
Tantalizing signs of phase-change 'turbulence' in RHIC collisions
A new analysis of collisions conducted at different energies at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) shows tantalizing signs of a critical point--a change in the way that quarks and gluons, the building blocks of protons and neutrons, transform from one phase to another. The findings will help physicists map out details of these nuclear phase changes to better understand the evolution of the universe and the conditions in the cores of neutron stars.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
Dalal & Kaplan studying adaptive interventions for emotion regulation in the workplace
Reeshad Dalal, Professor, Industrial and Organizational Psychology, and Seth Kaplan, Professor, Industrial and Organizational Psychology, are conducting two studies in which participants will repeatedly be randomly (re-)assigned to different cognitively focused emotion reappraisal interventions or to no intervention (control condition) over the course of several work weeks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Grisham
egrisham@gmu.edu
703-993-5381
George Mason University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
Communications Biology
The collapse of Northern California kelp forests will be hard to reverse
Satellite imagery shows that the area covered by kelp forests off the coast of Northern California has dropped by more than 95 percent, with just a few small, isolated patches of bull kelp remaining. Species-rich kelp forests have been replaced by 'urchin barrens,' where purple sea urchins cover a seafloor devoid of kelp and other algae. A new study documents this dramatic shift in the coastal ecosystem and analyzes the events that caused it.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
Communications Earth and Environment
Antarctic seals reveal worrying threats to disappearing glaciers
More Antarctic meltwater is surfacing than was previously known, modifying the climate, preventing sea ice from forming and boosting marine productivity- according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA). For the first time, researchers have been able to obtain full-depth glacial meltwater observations in winter, using instruments attached to the heads of seals living near the Pine Island Glacier, in the remote Amundsen Sea in the west of Antarctica.
UK Natural Environment Research Council, European Research Council, National Science Foundation Division of Polar Programs.

Contact: Laura Potts
communications@uea.ac.uk
44-016-035-93496
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
Current Biology
Humans evolved to be the water-saving ape
An ancient shift in our body's ability to conserve water may have enabled early humans to venture farther from lakes and streams in search of food. So say the authors of a study that, for the first time, measures precisely how much water humans lose and replace each day compared with our primate cousins. The research shows that the human body uses 30% to 50% less water per day than chimpanzees, gorillas, bonobos and orangutans.
National Science Foundation, United States Agency for International Development, National Institutes of Health, John Templeton Foundation, L.S.B. Leakey Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation, University of Arizona, Duke University, Hunter College

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2021
Science Advances
Coastal changes worsen nuisance flooding on many U.S. shorelines, study finds
Nuisance flooding has increased on U.S. coasts in recent decades due to sea level rise, and new research co-authored by the University of Central Florida uncovered an additional reason for its added frequency -- higher local tide ranges. The results are in a study appearing today in the journal Science Advances.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert H Wells
robert.wells@ucf.edu
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
When more Covid-19 data doesn't equal more understanding
MIT researchers found that Covid-19 skeptics on Twitter and Facebook -- far from being "data illiterate" -- often use sophisticated data visualization techniques to argue against public health precautions like mask mandates.
This research was funded, in part, by the National Science Foundation and the Social Science Research Council.

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
Renewable Energy
Field study shows icing can cost wind turbines up to 80% of power production
Researchers led by Iowa State's Hui Hu took their studies of wind-turbine icing out of the lab and into the field to learn how and where ice accumulates on rotating blades. They learned ice on the blades can reduce power production by up to 80%. The field experiments also validated their experimental findings, theories and predictions.
Iowa Energy Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hui Hu
huhui@iastate.edu
515-294-0094
Iowa State University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cancer 'guardian' breaks bad with one switch
A mutation that replaces a single amino acid in a potent tumor-suppressing protein makes it prone to nucleating amyloid fibrils implicated in many cancers as well as neurological diseases.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, Melanoma Research Alliance, NASA, Center for Theoretical Biological Physics, Sealy Center fo

Contact: Jeff Falk
mikewilliams@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
Nature
'Egg carton' quantum dot array could lead to ultralow power devices
A new path toward sending and receiving information with single photons of light has been discovered by an international team of researchers led by the University of Michigan.
US Army Research Office, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the University of Maryland, Ministry of Science and Technology in Taiwan

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
kmca@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
Remote Sensing of Environment
NASA's ICESat-2 satellite reveals shape, depth of Antarctic ice shelf fractures
When a block of ice the size of Houston, Texas, broke off from East Antarctica's Amery Ice Shelf in 2019, scientists had anticipated the calving event, but not exactly where it would happen. Now, satellite data can help scientists measure the depth and shape of ice shelf fractures to better predict when and where calving events will occur, according to researchers.
National Science Foundation and NASA

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-5689
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
Network and Distributed Systems Security Symposium 2021
Study reveals extent of privacy vulnerabilities with Amazon's Alexa
A recent study outlines a range of privacy concerns related to the programs that users interact with when using Amazon's voice-activated assistant, Alexa. Issues range from misleading privacy policies to the ability of third-parties to change the code of their programs after receiving Amazon approval.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
Royal Society Interface
High-resolution ocean model provides insight into sea turtles' lost years
An exquisitely detailed global ocean model simulation from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) has given scientists rare insight into where baby sea turtles may go in their "lost years" after they scramble off the sandy beaches where they are born and swim into the open ocean.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosanasky
hosansky@ucar.edu
720-470-2073
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
Cell
WOX9: A jack of all trades
Researchers at CSHL used CRISPR, a genome-editing tool, to figure out the hidden roles of a developmental gene called WOX9. It usually induces flower branching in tomatoes and influences embryo growth in a plant related to broccoli. By tweaking the DNA in the gene's nearby promoter region, the researchers found WOX9 could induce flower branching in other species. These types of genetic manipulations provide new opportunities to improve crop traits while eliminating unwanted side effects.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, United States-Israel Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund, Israel Science Foundation, National Science Foundation Plant Genome Research Program

Contact: Sara Roncero-Menendez
roncero@cshl.edu
516-367-6866
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
Science
Apparent Atlantic warming cycle likely an artifact of climate forcing
Volcanic eruptions, not natural variability, were the cause of an apparent "Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation," a purported cycle of warming thought to have occurred on a timescale of 40 to 60 years during the pre-industrial era, according to a team of climate scientists who looked at a large array of climate modeling experiments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-5689
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Mar-2021
Current Biology
This frog has lungs that act like noise-canceling headphones, study shows
To succeed in mating, many male frogs sit in one place and call to their potential mates. But how do females pinpoint a perfect mate among all the background noise of other frogs? Now, researchers reporting March 4 in the journal Current Biology have found that they do it thanks to a set of lungs that reduce their eardrum's sensitivity to environmental noise, making it easier to zero in on the calls of males.
U.S. National Science Foundation

Contact: Carly Britton
press@cell.com
617-417-7053
Cell Press

Public Release: 3-Mar-2021
New England Journal of Medicine
Researchers urge greater awareness of delayed skin reactions to Moderna COVID-19 vaccine
Researchers note that Phase 3 clinical data from the Moderna vaccine trial did show delayed skin hypersensitivity in a small number of the more than 30,000 trial participants. However, the authors say the large, red, sometimes raised, itchy or painful skin reactions were never fully characterized or explained, and they warn clinicians may not be prepared to recognize them and guide patients on treatment options and completion of the second dose of the vaccine.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Medicine Transformative Scholar Program at Massachusetts General Hospital

Contact: Julie Cunningham
julie.cunningham@mgh.harvard.edu
617-724-6433
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 3-Mar-2021
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Bahamas were settled earlier than believed
It's believed early settlers to the islands eventually changed the landscape of the Bahamas.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Keith Randall
keith-randall@tamu.edu
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2021
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Temperature and aridity fluctuations over the past century linked to flower color changes
Clemson researchers combined descriptions of flower color from museum flower specimens dating back to 1895 with longitudinal- and latitudinal-specific climate data to link changes in temperature and aridity with color change in the human-visible spectrum (white to purple).
National Science Foundation Division of Environmental Biology and Clemson University

Contact: Matthew Koski
mkoski@clemson.edu
864-656-3163
Clemson University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2021
Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences
Chemists boost boron's utility
MIT chemists created a boron-containing chemical group that is 10,000 times more stable than boron on its own. The advance could make it possible to incorporate boron into drugs and improve their ability to bind their targets.
National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-460-9583
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Mar-2021
Journal of American Chemical Society
Pressure-regulated excitonic feature enhances photocurrent of all-inorganic 2D perovskite
We report significantly enhanced photocurrents in the all-inorganic 2D perovskite Cs2PbI2Cl2, achieving over 3 orders of magnitude increase at the industrially achievable level of 2 GPa in comparison with its initial photocurrent.
National Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC)

Contact: Haini Dong
donghn@hpstar.ac.cn
86-183-021-86102
Center for High Pressure Science & Technology Advanced Research

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1119.

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