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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 1-25 out of 1083.

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Public Release: 25-May-2018
Science Advances
Phosphorus nutrition can hasten plant and microbe growth in arid, high elevation sites
Glacial retreat in cold, high-altitude ecosystems exposes environments that are extremely sensitive to phosphorus input, new University of Colorado Boulder-led research shows. The finding upends previous ecological assumptions, helps scientists understand plant and microbe responses to climate change and could expand scientists' understanding of the limits to life on Earth.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: Trent Knoss
trent.knoss@colorado.edu
303-735-0528
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 25-May-2018
Nature Communications
Scientists discover new magnetic element
A new experimental discovery, led by researchers at the University of Minnesota, demonstrates that the chemical element ruthenium (Ru) is the fourth single element to have unique magnetic properties at room temperature. The discovery could be used to improve sensors, devices in the computer memory and logic industry, or other devices using magnetic materials.
Center for Spintronic Materials, Interfaces and Novel Architectures, University of Minnesota, University of Minnesota Distinguished Doctoral Fellowship, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lacey Nygard
ljnygard@umn.edu
612-625-0552
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Nature Communications
Researchers identify bacteria and viruses ejected from the ocean
Certain types of bacteria and viruses are readily ejected into the atmosphere when waves break; others less so, researchers reported May 22. A team of chemists, oceanographers, microbiologists, geneticists, and pediatric medicine specialists are attempting to understand how far potentially infectious bacteria and viruses can travel and if those that pose the greatest risks to public health are among those most likely to escape the ocean.
National Science Foundation, Beyster Family Fund of the San Diego Foundation

Contact: Robert Monroe
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-822-4487
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Science
Dusty rainfall records reveal new understanding of Earth's long-term climate
Ancient rainfall records stretching 550,000 years into the past may upend scientists' understanding of what controls the Asian summer monsoon and other aspects of the Earth's long-term climate. Milankovitch theory says solar heating of the northernmost part of the globe drives the world's climate swings between ice ages and warmer periods. The new work turns Milankovitch in its head by suggesting climate is driven by differential heating of the Earth's tropical and subtropical regions.
National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology of China, National Science Foundations of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
mnjensen@email.arizona.edu
520-626-9635
University of Arizona

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Royal Society Open Science
UTA researchers shed light on immune response in diseased corals
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington have found a correlation between a strong immune response in diseased corals and a lower expression of genes associated with growth and reproduction.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Frontiers in ICT
New parts of the brain become active after students learn physics -- Drexel University study
A new study out of Drexel University showed that, when confronted with physics problems, new parts of a student's brain are utilized after receiving instruction in the topic.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Frank Otto
fmo26@drexel.edu
215-571-4244
Drexel University

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Nature Electronics
Rare element to provide better material for high-speed electronics
Purdue researchers have discovered a new two-dimensional material, derived from the rare element tellurium, to make transistors that carry a current better throughout a computer chip.
National Science Foundation, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Army Research Office, Semiconductor Research Corporation

Contact: Kayla Wiles
wiles5@purdue.edu
765-494-2432
Purdue University

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Temperature
Hot cars can hit life-threatening levels in approximately one hour
Researchers from University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Arizona State University found that if a car is parked in the sun on a summer day, the interior temperature can reach 116 degrees F. and the dashboard may exceed 165 degrees F. in approximately one hour -- the time it can take for a young child trapped in a car to suffer fatal injuries.
National Science Foundation, Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research, Arizona State University LightWorks, and Strategic Solar Energy

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
858-249-0456
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Nature Geoscience
Cold production of new seafloor
Magma steadily emerges between oceanic plates. It pushes the plates apart, builds large underwater mountains and forms new seafloor. This is one of the fundamental processes that constantly change the face of the Earth. But there are also times when new seabed is created without any volcanism, by un-roofing mantle material directly at the seafloor. Scientists led by GEOMAR, Germany have published the first estimation based on seismic data on how much seafloor is produced this way.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, National Science Foundation, British Natural Environmental Research Council

Contact: Andreas Villwock
presse@geomar.de
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 24-May-2018
ACS Nano
Microscopy advance reveals unexpected role for water in energy storage material
A material with atomically thin layers of water holds promise for energy storage technologies, and researchers have now discovered that the water is performing a different role than anyone anticipated. The finding was possible due to a new atomic force microscopy method that measures the sub-nanoscale deformation rate in the material in response to changes in the material caused by energy storage.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Physical Review D
Matter-antimatter asymmetry may interfere with the detection of neutrinos
From the data collected by the LHCb detector at the Large Hadron Collider, it appears that the particles known as charm mesons and their antimatter counterparts are not produced in perfectly equal proportions. Physicists from Cracow have proposed their own explanation of this phenomenon and presented predictions related to it, about consequences that are particularly interesting for high-energy neutrino astronomy.
Polish National Science Center, Center for Innovation and Transfer of Natural Sciences and Engineering Knowledge in Rzeszow

Contact: Prof. Antoni Szczurek
antoni.szczurek@ifj.edu.pl
48-126-628-212
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 24-May-2018
MIS Quarterly
Study of Android users: Mobile security messages 20 percent more effective if warnings vary in appearance
Using brain data, eye-tracking data and field-study data, researchers have confirmed something about our interaction with security warnings on computers and phones: the more we see them, the more we tune them out. But they've also found that slight changes to the appearance of warnings help users pay attention to and adhere to warnings 20 percent more of the time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
toddh@byu.edu
801-422-8373
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Science
New theory finds 'traffic jams' in jet stream cause abnormal weather patterns
A study published in Science offers an explanation for a mysterious and sometimes deadly weather pattern in which the jet stream, the global air currents that circle the Earth, stalls out over a region. Much like highways, the jet stream has a capacity, researchers said, and when it's exceeded, blockages form that are remarkably similar to traffic jams -- and climate forecasters can use the same math to model them both.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louise Lerner
louise@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Proceedings of the IEEE
Researchers devise more effective location awareness for the Internet-of-(many)-Things
Anticipating a critical strain on the ability of fifth generation (5G) networks to keep track of a rapidly growing number of mobile devices, engineers at Tufts University have come up with an improved algorithm for localizing and tracking these products that distributes the task among the devices themselves. It is a scalable solution that could meet the demands of a projected 50 billion connected products in the Internet-of-Things by 2020.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Silver
mike.silver@tufts.edu
617-627-0545
Tufts University

Public Release: 24-May-2018
Science
Ingestible 'bacteria on a chip' could help diagnose disease
MIT researchers have built an ingestible sensor equipped with genetically engineered bacteria that can diagnose bleeding in the stomach or other gastrointestinal problems.
Texas Instruments, Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Fund, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Center for Microbiome Informatics and Therapeutics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Qualcomm Innovation Fellowship

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-May-2018
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
'These could revolutionize the world'
Carbon nanotubes are supermaterials that can be stronger than steel and more conductive than copper, but they're rare because, until now, they've been incredibly expensive.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Heidi Hall
heidi.hall@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-6614
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Geophysical Research Letters
A promising target in the quest for a 1-million-year-old Antarctic ice core
The oldest ice core so far provides 800,000 years of our planet's climate history. A field survey in Antarctica has pinpointed a location where an entire million years of undisturbed ice might be preserved intact.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 23-May-2018
SF State receives $3.3 million award to support STEM educators
A $3.3 million NSF grant to San Francisco State University to support development of Robert Noyce scholars will help reduce the state's shortage of science and math teachers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Owens Viani
lowensvi@sfsu.edu
San Francisco State University

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Nature Geoscience
Streams may emit more carbon dioxide in a warmer climate
Streams and rivers could pump carbon dioxide into the air at increasing rates if they continue to warm, potentially compounding the effects of global warming, a new worldwide analysis has shown.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nick Houtman
nick.houtman@oregonstate.edu
541-737-0783
Oregon State University

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
'Uniquely human' muscles have been discovered in apes
Muscles believed to be unique to humans have been discovered in several ape species, challenging long-held anthropocentric theories on the origin and evolution of human soft tissues. This questions the view that certain muscles evolved to provide special adaptations for human traits, such as walking on two legs, tool use, and sophisticated vocal communication and facial expressions. The findings highlight that thorough knowledge of ape anatomy is necessary for a better understanding of human evolution.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emma Duncan
press@frontiersin.org
Frontiers

Public Release: 23-May-2018
eLife
Self-consistency influences how we make decisions
When making decisions, our perception is influenced by judgments we have made in the past as a way of remaining consistent with ourselves, suggests new research published in eLife.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
eLife

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Royal Society Open Science
Researchers build most comprehensive tree of life for malaria parasites
A new study led by the American Museum of Natural History puts forth the most comprehensive tree of life for malaria parasites to date. Among the researchers' findings is that the diverse malaria parasite genus Plasmodium (which includes those species that infect humans) is composed of several distantly related evolutionary lineages, and, from a taxonomic standpoint, many species should be renamed.
National Science Foundation, German Academic Exchange Service

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Nature Communications
First chip-scale broadband optical system that can sense molecules in the mid-IR
Researchers at Columbia Engineering have demonstrated, for the first time, a chip-based dual-comb spectrometer in the mid-infrared range, that requires no moving parts and can acquire spectra in less than 2 microseconds. The system, which consists of two mutually coherent, low-noise, microresonator-based frequency combs spanning 2600 nm to 4100 nm, could lead to the development of a spectroscopy lab-on-a-chip for real-time sensing on the nanosecond time scale.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
he2181@columbia.edu
212-854-3206
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Royal Society Open Science
Chimpanzee calls differ according to context
An important question in the evolution of language is what caused animal calls to diversify and to encode different information. A team of scientists led by Catherine Crockford of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology found that chimpanzees use the quiet 'hoo' call in three different behavioural contexts -- alert, travel and rest. The need to stay together in low visibility habitat may have facilitated the evolution of call subtypes.
Leverhulme Trust, British Academy, Leakey Foundation, European Union's Horizon 2020, Max Planck Society, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Sandra Jacob
jacob@eva.mpg.de
49-341-355-0122
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Controlled nano-assembly
DNA, the carrier of genetic information, has become established as a highly useful building material in nanotechnology. One requirement in many applications is the controlled, switchable assembly of nanostructures. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, scientists have now introduced a new strategy for control through altering pH value. It is based on ethylenediamine, which only supports the assembly of DNA components in a neutral to acidic environment -- independent of the base sequences and without metal ions.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Mueller
angewandte@wiley-vch.de
Wiley

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1083.

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