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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1111.

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Public Release: 22-Sep-2017
Cornell's Center for Materials Research's NSF funding extended, increased
The Cornell Center for Materials Research - which through research and education is enhancing national capabilities in science, technology, engineering, mathematics and materials research at all levels -- has been has been granted $23.2 million for the next six years from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Ann Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2017
Science
Observatory detects extragalactic cosmic rays hitting the Earth
Fifty years ago, scientists discovered that the Earth is occasionally hit by cosmic rays of enormous energies. Since then, they have argued about the source of those ultra-high energy cosmic rays -- whether they came from our galaxy or outside the Milky Way. The answer is a galaxy or galaxies far, far away, according to a report published Sept. 22 in Science by the Pierre Auger Collaboration.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louise Lerner
louise@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Ultra-light aluminum: USU chemist reports breakthrough in material design
Chemists from Utah State University and Russia's Southern Federal University report a new, metastable, ultra-light crystalline form of aluminum has been computationally designed using density functional calculations with imposing periodic boundary conditions.
National Science Foundation, Russian Ministry of Science and Education

Contact: Alexander Boldyrev
a.i.boldyrev@usu.edu
435-797-1630
Utah State University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
NSF awards Indiana University $4 million to advance medical nanotechnology
The Indiana University School of Informatics, Computing and Engineering has been awarded $4 million from the National Science Foundation to advance nanoscale devices to improve human health, including fighting cancer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Landscape Ecology
Ozark grasslands experience major increase in trees and shrubs
Woody vegetation, such as trees and shrubs, has increased dramatically in Ozark grasslands over the past 75 years, according to a study published this week in the journal Landscape Ecology. If these ecosystems continue to favor woody vegetation, will it be possible to maintain open grasslands for the foreseeable future?
National Science Foundation, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Jesse Miller
jedmiller@ucdavis.edu
541-482-4923
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Systematic Biology
Dino-killing asteroid's impact on bird evolution
Human activities could change the pace of evolution, similar to what occurred 66 million years ago when a giant asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs, leaving modern birds as their only descendants. That's one conclusion drawn by the authors of a new study published in Systematic Biology.
National Science Foundation, National Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, University of Bath

Contact: Lindsey Hadlock
lmh267@cornell.edu
607-255-6121
Cornell University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Baltimore Ecosystem Study partners with Baltimore City Public Schools
Through a $1.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation, the Baltimore Ecosystem Study (BES) is partnering with Baltimore City Public Schools to transform the way that chemistry is taught in the city's high schools. The innovative approach draws on data gathered by BES to convey how chemistry shapes the local environment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori M. Quillen
quillenl@caryinstitute.org
845-677-7600 x161
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Science
Babies can learn that hard work pays off
A study from MIT reveals babies as young as 15 months can learn the value of hard work. Researchers found babies who watched an adult struggle to reach two different goals before succeeding tried harder at their own difficult task than babies who saw an adult succeed effortlessly.
National Science Foundation, MIT Center for Brains, Minds and Machines, Simons Center for the Social Brain

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Football helmet smartfoam signals potential concussions in real time
While football-related concussions have been top of mind in recent years, people have struggled to create technology to accurately measure them in real time. BYU mechanical engineering Ph.D. student Jake Merrell and a team of researchers across three BYU departments have developed and tested a nano composite smartfoam that can be placed inside a football helmet (and pads) to more accurately test the impact and power of hits.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
toddh@byu.edu
801-422-8373
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
CWRU researcher wins $5.5 million federal grant to develop bio-inspired materials
With a new $5.5 million, five-year federal grant, a Case Western Reserve University researcher is leading an international team to develop functional materials inspired by some of the most desirable substances found in nature. The bioinspired materials produced in the project will be tested in soft-sided robots, but are expected to have a wide range of practical uses.
National Science Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Bill Lubinger
wxl289@case.edu
216-368-4443
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Cell
Ancient human DNA in sub-Saharan Africa lifts veil on prehistory
The first large-scale study of ancient human DNA from sub-Saharan Africa opens a long-awaited window into the identity of prehistoric populations in the region and how they moved around and replaced one another over the past 8,000 years.
Wenner-Gren Foundation, Swedish Research Council, German Research Foundation, Max Planck Society, National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation of South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, and others

Contact: Kevin Jiang
kevin_jiang@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-2003
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Science
Why poison frogs don't poison themselves
Poison frogs harbor some of the most potent neurotoxins we know, yet scientists have long wondered -- how do these frogs keep from poisoning themselves? With a new paper published in the journal Science, scientists are a step closer to resolving that head-scratcher. And the answer has potential consequences for the fight against pain and addiction.
National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation, UT Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Current Biology
The surprising, ancient behavior of jellyfish
The discovery that primitive jellyfish sleep suggests that sleep is an ancient, evolutionarily conserved behavior.
National Institutes of Health, James S. McDonnell Foundation for Complex Systems Science, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Dajose
ldajose@caltech.edu
626-658-0109
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Science
Study confirms cosmic rays have extragalactic origins
International collaboration by scientists with the Pierre Auger Observatory confirms that most of the highest energy cosmic rays that reach the Earth come from outside the Milky Way galaxy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Greg Snow
gsnow1@unl.edu
402-472-6279
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Cell
Green algae could hold clues for engineering faster-growing crops
Two new Princeton-led studies provide a detailed look at an essential part of algae's growth machinery, with the eventual goal of applying this knowledge to improving the growth of crops.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute,Carnegie Institution for Science, CONACyT-DAAD, Fundación Séneca, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, and others

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2017
Current Biology
Scientists sequence asexual tiny worm -- whose lineage stretches back 18 million years
A team of scientists has sequenced, for the first time, a tiny worm that belongs to a group of exclusively asexual species that originated approximately 18 million years ago--making it one of the oldest living lineages of asexual animals known.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 20-Sep-2017
Nature
Discovery helps improve accuracy of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing
Detailed study of how domains within the Cas9 protein move when the molecule binds to DNA has allowed UC Berkeley, Harvard and Massachusettes General Hospital scientists to locate the protein that monitors the fidelity of binding between the Cas9 single-guide RNA and its DNA target. The researchers then tweaked this domain to boost specificity, creating the highest fidelity Cas9 protein to date.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 20-Sep-2017
Materials research science and engineering center receives $15.6 million grant
Home to the first materials science and engineering department in the world, Northwestern University has received a six-year, $15.6 million grant from the National Science Foundation for the University's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center. The center, which integrates educational activities with a scientific research program, is among the longest continually funded materials research centers in the country. It is one of eight Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers in the nation to be funded by the NSF this year.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 20-Sep-2017
Zip to industry: A first-year corporate-STEM connection program
The University of Akron (UA) received an NSF grant of $450,000 to create a cross-college retention project aimed to place at-risk, first-year STEM students into paid job-shadowing experiences to explore various STEM fields. The students will shadow current UA STEM students who are already on co-ops/internships with local and regional employers. The project provides an opportunity for research on how job shadowing impacts student retention in STEM during the first year of college.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
lmc91@uakron.edu
330-972-7429
University of Akron

Public Release: 20-Sep-2017
Shedding light on brain activity
UCSB is named a National Science Foundation Neurotechnology Hub for optical brain imaging.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 20-Sep-2017
Green Chemistry
Researchers take tips from 'Twister' to chase elusive storm data
An inexpensive biomaterial that can be used to sustainably replace plastic barrier coatings in packaging and many other applications has been developed by Penn State researchers, who predict its adoption would greatly reduce pollution.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Sep-2017
Oceanography
Wave Glider surfs across stormy Drake Passage in Antarctica
A hardy ocean drone made a first-ever attempt to surf across Antarctica's stormy Drake Passage gathering data about ocean mixing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 20-Sep-2017
UTA computer scientist earns grant to combine methods to better analyze brain image data
Junzhou Huang, an associate professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department at The University of Texas at Arlington, will use a $210,000 National Science Foundation grant to explore how to combine the two methods to more accurately predict the outcome of future data. Chao Chen at the City University of New York is co-principal investigator on the project.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 20-Sep-2017
Wayne State receives $1.2 million NSF grant to develop autonomous battery operating system
Researchers at Wayne State University led by Nathan Fisher, associate professor of computer science in the College of Engineering, received a $1.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation to address the need for effective, integrative battery operating systems that provide sustained and reliable power.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 20-Sep-2017
In search of a greener cleaner
With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF), researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering are developing machine learning procedures to discover new chelating agents that are both effective and degradable.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1111.

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