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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1122.

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Public Release: 15-Aug-2018
Scientific Reports
Old species learn new tricks...very slowly
No species lasts forever, and, just as the saying goes, it seems like old species may get stuck in their ways and can't adapt to environmental change as fast as younger species do.
Panama's National Bureau of Science, Technology and Innovation, SENACYT, Panama's National System of Researchers, National Science Foundation, Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, National Geographic

Contact: Beth King
kingb@si.edu
202-633-4700 x28216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 15-Aug-2018
IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security
Common Wifi can detect weapons, bombs and chemicals in bags
Ordinary WiFi can easily detect weapons, bombs and explosive chemicals in bags at museums, stadiums, theme parks, schools and other public venues, according to a Rutgers University-New Brunswick-led study. The researchers' suspicious object detection system is easy to set up, reduces security screening costs and avoids invading privacy such as when screeners open and inspect bags, backpacks and luggage. Traditional screening typically requires high staffing levels and costly specialized equipment.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office

Contact: Todd Bates
todd.bates@rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2018
Goldschmidt 2018
Study of material surrounding distant stars shows Earth's ingredients 'pretty normal'
The Earth's building blocks seem to be built from 'pretty normal' ingredients, according to researchers working with the world's most powerful telescopes. Scientists have measured the compositions of 18 different planetary systems from up to 456 light years away and compared them to ours, and found that many elements are present in similar proportions to those found on Earth. This will have implications for finding Earth-like bodies elsewhere.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: press officer
tom@parkhill.it
39-349-238-8191
Goldschmidt Conference

Public Release: 15-Aug-2018
Science Advances
Water use for fracking has risen by up to 770 percent since 2011
The amount of water used per well for fracking surged by up to 770 percent between 2011 and 2016 in all major US shale gas- and oil-producing regions, a Duke University study finds. The volume of flowback and produced water that new wells generated during their first year of operation also increased by up to 1,440 percent. If this rapid intensification continues, fracking's water footprint could grow by up to 50-fold by the year 2030.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2018
Science Advances
How forests improve kids' diets
A first-of-its-kind global study shows that children in 27 developing countries have better nutrition -- when they live near forests. The results turn on its head the assumption that improving nutrition in poorer countries requires clearing forests for more farmland -- and, instead, suggest that forest conservation could be an important tool to improve the nutrition of children.
US Agency for International Development, World Wide Fund for Nature, Mava Foundation, National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation

Contact: Joshua E Brown
joshua.brown@uvm.edu
802-557-7677
University of Vermont

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018
Syracuse physicists to construct particle tracking device with $3.7 million NSF award
Physicists at Syracuse University are closer to understanding what happened after the Big Bang nearly 14 billion years ago, thanks to a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF). The grant will support ongoing physics data analysis at the Large Hadron Collider beauty (LHcb) experiment at the CERN laboratory in Switzerland, as well as the construction and testing of a new tracking device called the Upstream Tracker (UT), located in the experiment's particle detector.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl A Lovell
dalovell@syr.edu
315-380-0206
Syracuse University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018
Advanced Healthcare Materials
Research brief: UMN researchers use green gold to rapidly detect and identify harmful bacteria
Researchers from the University of Minnesota (UMN) have developed a method to screen and identify harmful or antibiotic-resistant bacteria within one hour using a portable luminometer.
National Science Foundation, MnDrive Global Food Venture, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture Hatch, General Mills, Schwan's Company, Midwest Dairy Association

Contact: Nkauj (pronounced 'gow') Vang
nsvang@umn.edu
612-624-1293
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018
Usenix Security Symposium in Baltimore
Intel processor vulnerability could put millions of PCs at risk
A newly discovered processor vulnerability could potentially put secure information at risk in any Intel-based PC manufactured since 2008. It could affect users who rely on a digital lockbox feature known as Intel Software Guard Extensions, or SGX, as well as those who utilize common cloud-based services, a new report says.
Research Fund KU Leuven, Technion Hiroshi Fujiwara Cyber Security Research Center, Israel Cyber Bureau, National Science Foundation, Financial Assistance Award, and others

Contact: Gabe Cherry
gcherry@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018
Astronomical Journal
Early opaque universe linked to galaxy scarcity
A team of astronomers led by George Becker at the University of California, Riverside, has made a surprising discovery: 12.5 billion years ago, the most opaque place in the universe contained relatively little matter.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018
Cache is king
Xiaochen Guo of Lehigh University will be supported by a five-year, $500,000 Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation for her work in designing hardware architectures that improve the efficiency of computational memory systems. New memory system designs through the project hold the potential to unlock fundamental improvement, and she believes this may in turn prompt a 'complete rethinking of programming language, compiler, and run-time system designs.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chris Larkin
engineering@lehigh.edu
Lehigh University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018
Geophysical Research Letters
Diving robots find Antarctic winter seas exhale surprising amounts of carbon dioxide
A new study led by the University of Washington uses data gathered by floating drones in the Southern Ocean over past winters to learn how much carbon dioxide is transferred by the surrounding seas. Results show that in winter the open water nearest the sea ice surrounding Antarctica releases significantly more carbon dioxide than previously believed.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NASA

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018
NSF awards grant to Portland State for state-of-the-art instrument
Portland State University investigators from the Departments of Chemistry and Biology have received a $350,000 grant from the National Science Foundation for a state-of-the-art liquid chromatography coupled mass spectrometer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dirk Iwata-Reuyl
iwatareuyld@pdx.edu
503-725-5737
Portland State University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018
ACS Synthetic Biology
Models give synthetic biologists a head start
Rice University researchers have developed mathematical models to predict the performance of multi-input synthetic biological circuits that can be used to engineer bacteria and other organisms to regulate cellular systems or perform functions they wouldn't in nature. Applications include biological sensing, chemical production and therapeutics such as probiotics to alter gut bacteria.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018
Penetrating a cell's nucleus for better, more accurate cancer screening
Lehigh University engineers, Xuanhong Cheng and James Hwang, awarded National Science Foundation grant to explore the use of microwave technology to characterize the nucleus of a live cell captured on a lab-on-a-chip microfluidic device.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
lof214@lehigh.edu
610-758-3224
Lehigh University

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018
Kent State geologist wins grant to study climate change, inspire young scientists
The National Science Foundation (NSF) presented its prestigious Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award to Dr. Herndon for her project, 'Manganese Biogeochemistry and Impacts on Carbon Storage in Plant-Soil Systems.' The five-year grant is expected to total $487,000.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dan Pompili
dpompili@kent.edu
330-672-0731
Kent State University

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018
UMass Amherst computational biophysicist receives grant to study 'floppy' proteins
Jianhan Chen at UMass Amherst has a four-year grant from the National Science Foundation to study a newly recognized class of proteins with highly flexible three-dimensional (3D) structural properties, in particular some extra-floppy ones called intrinsically disordered proteins. By staying flexible, IDPs may have an advantage in interacting with other proteins and each other, perhaps letting them respond faster than a more rigid structure, or interact with a wider variety of molecules, or both.
National Science Foundation Molecular Biophysics Cluster, Division of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, Chemical Theory, Models and Computational Methods Program, Division of Chemistry

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-2989
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scarlet macaw DNA points to ancient breeding operation in Southwest
Somewhere in the American Southwest or northern Mexico, there are probably the ruins of a scarlet macaw breeding operation dating to between 900 and 1200 C.E., according to a team of archaeologists who sequenced the mitochondrial DNA of bird remains found in the Chaco Canyon and Mimbres areas of New Mexico.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018
What homebody island birds could tell us about adaptation and evolution
Researchers led by Colorado State University's Cameron Ghalambor are launching a National Science Foundation-supported study of what evolutionary biologists term 'microgeographic' adaptation strategies of island scrub-jays, North America's only island-endemic bird. Island scrub-jays live exclusively on Santa Cruz Island, one of the Channel Islands off the southern California coast.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018
Nature Geoscience
Scientists trace atmospheric rise in CO2 during deglaciation to deep Pacific Ocean
How carbon made it out of the ocean and into the atmosphere has remained one of the most important mysteries of science. A new study, provides some of the most compelling evidence for how it happened -- a 'flushing' of the deep Pacific Ocean caused by the acceleration of water circulation patterns that begin around Antarctica.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alan Mix
amix@coas.oregonstate.edu
541-737-5212
Oregon State University

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018
Physical Review Letters
The behavior of water: scientists find new properties of H2O
A team of scientists has uncovered new molecular properties of water -- a discovery of a phenomenon that had previously gone unnoticed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018
Nature
Protons get zippier in neutron-rich nuclei
A new study carried out at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility has confirmed that increasing the number of neutrons as compared to protons in the atom's nucleus also increases the average momentum of its protons. The nuclear physics result, which has implications for the dynamics of neutron stars, has been published in the journal Nature.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation, Chilean Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica

Contact: Kandice Carter
kcarter@jlab.org
757-269-7263
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018
Nature
In neutron stars, protons may do the heavy lifting
In neutron stars, protons may do the heavy lifting, according to MIT researchers. Their new study suggests that the positively charged particles may have an outsize influence on the properties of neutron stars and other neutron-rich objects.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation, Chilean Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 10-Aug-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Breaking down the Wiedemann-Franz law
A study exploring the coupling between heat and particle currents in a gas of strongly interacting atoms highlights the fundamental role of quantum correlations in transport phenomena, breaks the revered Wiedemann-Franz law, and should open up an experimental route to testing novel ideas for thermoelectric devices.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss State Secretary for Education Research and Innovation, European Research Council, Army Research Office, Sandoz Family Foundation, ETH Zurich, Marie Curie Actions

Contact: Andreas Trabesinger
trabi@ethz.ch
41-791-289-860
ETH Zurich Department of Physics

Public Release: 10-Aug-2018
Applications in Plant Sciences
Generating DNA sequence data in the developing world
For many laboratories in the developing world, lack of funding and practical experience are hurdles to generating their own DNA sequence data. However, the financial, technical, and logistical burden of producing sequence data has dropped precipitously in recent years. Researchers compared methods for generating sequence data in a study in West Java, Indonesia, and present a practical workflow allowing scientists with limited resources to build capacity to produce DNA sequence data in their own laboratories.
National Science Foundation, Arnold Arboretum

Contact: Beth Parada
apps@botany.org
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 10-Aug-2018
Physics Review Letters
UT-ORNL team makes first particle accelerator beam measurement in six dimensions
The first full characterization measurement of an accelerator beam in six dimensions will advance the understanding and performance of current and planned accelerators around the world.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeremy Rumsey
rumseyjp@ornl.gov
865-576-2038
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1122.

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