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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1042.

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Public Release: 18-Jun-2021
Nature Materials
Princeton-led team discovers unexpected quantum behavior in kagome lattice
An international team led by Princeton researchers explored quantum structures called kagome lattices and found insights into the fundamental understanding of quantum order leading to orbital magnetism - that is, magnetism that arises from extended orbital motion of electrons rather than their spin. The findings hint at behaviors that could be precursors of unconventional superconductivity and an anomalous Hall effect.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, California NanoSystems Institute, German Research Foundation, European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 17-Jun-2021
Nature Metabolism
For the first time, researchers visualize metabolic process at the single-cell level
Researchers at the University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering and Biological Sciences Division have developed a combined imaging and machine learning technique that can, for the first time, measure a metabolic process at both the cellular and sub-cellular levels.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cynthia Medina
cmedina13@uchicago.edu
863-409-1998
University of Chicago

Public Release: 17-Jun-2021
Big Data Research
Study explores how the elderly use smart speaker technology
Researchers from Bentley University, in partnership with Waltham Council on Aging in Massachusetts, and as part of a study funded by the National Science Foundation, have been exploring how the elderly use smart speakers at home.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Helen Henrichs
hhenrichs@bentley.edu
781-891-2277
Bentley University

Public Release: 17-Jun-2021
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A new 'twist' to break viscoelastic liquid bridges
Scientists have developed a new method that improves dispensing of viscoelastic fluids - a vital process for circuit board production, 3D printing and other industrial applications. The scientists found that twisting these liquid bridges breaks them in a quicker and cleaner way than the conventional method of stretching them.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Joint Research Projects, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Tomomi Okubo
media@oist.jp
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University

Public Release: 17-Jun-2021
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UCLA and UIC researchers discover foam 'fizzics'
Chemical engineers at the University of Illinois Chicago and UCLA have answered longstanding questions about the underlying processes that determine the life cycle of liquid foams. The breakthrough could help improve the commercial production and application of foams in a broad range of industries.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Advanced Photon Source facility, DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Contact: Christine Wei-li Lee
clee@seas.ucla.edu
310-206-0540
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 17-Jun-2021
Journal of Structural Engineering
Concrete wall seismic test data wins NHERI DesignSafe Dataset Award 2021
The 2010-2011 Canterbury Earthquake Sequence devastated the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 185 and causing widespread damage. University of Auckland engineers conducted extensive testing on concrete walls to understand puzzlingly severe damage to steel reinforcement. The research formed the basis for revisions to structural codes in New Zealand and the US, and its dataset won a NHERI DesignSafe Dataset Award 2021.
New Zealand Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment; New Zealand Center for Earthquake Resilience, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jorge Salazar
jorge@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-3980
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 17-Jun-2021
Science
Physicists bring human-scale object to near standstill, reaching a quantum state
MIT physicists have brought a human-scale object to a near-standstill, close to a quantum state.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-460-9583
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Jun-2021
Nature Electronics
New manufacturing technique for flexible electronics
The long-sought future of flexible electronics that are wearable has proven elusive, but Stanford researchers say they have made a breakthrough.
Swiss National Science Foundation's Early Postdoc Mobility Fellowship, Beijing Institute of Collaborative Innovation, National Science Foundation, Stanford SystemX Alliance

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2021
Journal of Mammalogy
Swim first, hunt later: Young Weddell seals need to practice navigating before hunting
Weddell seals, the southernmost born mammal, are known as champion divers. But they don't begin life that way. Cal Poly researchers examined the development of diving behavior in Weddell seal pups and found that they time their dives with their mother but likely do not learn to forage at that time. Instead, they focus their early efforts on learning to swim and navigate under the sea ice.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Heather Liwanag
hliwanag@calpoly.edu
California Polytechnic State University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2021
Social Science and Medicine
Pandemic-era crowdfunding more common, successful in affluent communities
A new University of Washington study of requests and donations to the popular crowdfunding site GoFundMe, along with Census data, shows stark inequities in where the money went and how much was donated.
National Science Foundation, UW Center for Studies in Demography & Ecology, UW Bothell School of Nursing and Health Studies

Contact: Kim Eckart
keckart@uw.edu
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Jun-2021
Environmental Research Letters
New models predict fewer lightning-caused ignitions but bigger wildfires by mid century
Human-caused wildfire ignitions in Central Oregon are expected to remain steady over the next four decades and lightning-caused ignitions are expected to decline, but the average size of a blaze from either cause is expected to rise, Oregon State University modeling suggests.
National Science Foundation, US Deptartment of Agriculture

Contact: Meg Krawchuk
meg.krawchuk@oregonstate.edu
541-737-1483
Oregon State University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2021
Science Robotics
Underwater robot offers new insight into mid-ocean "twilight zone"
An innovative underwater robot known as Mesobot is providing researchers with deeper insight into the vast mid-ocean region known as the "twilight zone." Capable of tracking and recording high-resolution images of slow-moving and fragile zooplankton, gelatinous animals, and particles, Mesobot greatly expands scientists' ability to observe creatures in their mesopelagic habitat with minimal disturbance.
US NSF program for Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination (OTIC), David and Lucile Packard Foundation, WHOI

Contact: WHOI Media Relations
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 16-Jun-2021
Nature Physics
Researchers uncover unique properties of a promising new superconductor
A study led by University of Minnesota physics researchers has discovered that a unique superconducting metal is more resilient when used as a very thin layer.
National Science Foundation (NSF) through the University of Minnesota Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC), Office of Naval Research (ONR); NSF, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Katie Ousley
katieo@umn.edu
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 16-Jun-2021
Nano Letters
Graphene 'camera' captures real-time electrical activity of beating heart
Scientists today track electrical signals and voltage changes in neurons and muscle cells by labeling individual cells or probing with electrodes. UC Berkeley and Stanford scientists have developed a new type of sensor that employs a sheet of graphene to get a continuous measure of electric field in these tissues. Electric fields change graphene's reflectance. The physicists found a way to amplify and measure the changes caused by action potentials in a beating embryonic chicken heart.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-915-3097
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 16-Jun-2021
Environmental Science & Technology
Machine learning can now reduce worry about nanoparticles in food
While crop yield has achieved a substantial boost from nanotechnology in recent years, the alarms over the health risks posed by nanoparticles within fresh produce and grains have also increased. In particular, nanoparticles entering the soil through irrigation, fertilizers and other sources have raised concerns about whether plants absorb these minute particles enough to cause toxicity.
National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology (Taiwan)

Contact: Amy Halbert
ahalbert@tamu.edu
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2021
Nature Physics
Nematic transition and nanoscale suppression of superconductivity in an iron chalcogenide
Examining an iron chalcogenide high-temperature superconductor, an international team of researchers has found that just before the material fully enters the nematic state, electronic nematicity first appears in nanoscale patches on its surface. In addition, minute stretching of the material, or strain, can induce local nematicity, which in turn suppresses superconductivity, according to a report in Nature Physics.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Hayward
ed.hayward@bc.edu
617-552-4826
Boston College

Public Release: 16-Jun-2021
The Astrophysical Journal
ALMA discovers earliest gigantic black hole storm
Researchers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) discovered a titanic galactic wind driven by a supermassive black hole 13.1 billion years ago. This is the earliest-yet-observed example of such a wind to date and is a telltale sign that huge black holes have a profound effect on the growth of galaxies from the very early history of the Universe.
Japan Society for Promotion of Science, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology-Japan, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, National Science Foundation of China, National Key

Contact: Dr. Masaaki Hiramatsu
hiramatsu.masaaki@nao.ac.jp
National Institutes of Natural Sciences

Public Release: 15-Jun-2021
Researchers work to increase speed, reliability of wireless communications
The development of millimeter wave communication technologies could improve the speed, latency and reliability of wireless communications significantly, according to Penn State researchers. Jing Yang, assistant professor of electrical engineering, received a four-year, $800,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop machine learning and large-scale optimization-based schemes to advance the technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: College of Engineering Media Relations
communications@engr.psu.edu
Penn State

Public Release: 15-Jun-2021
Understanding and mitigating user biases in online information searching
When searching for information online, the results can vary widely from person to person. Jiqun Liu, an assistant professor in the School of Library and Information Studies in the University of Oklahoma's College of Arts and Sciences, wants to improve the quality of online search results that accounts for users' biases and returns more balanced and useful results.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jiqun Liu
jiqunliu@ou.edu
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 15-Jun-2021
Chem Catalysis
Soaking up the sun: Artificial photosynthesis promises clean, sustainable source of energy
Humans can do lots of things that plants can't do. But plants have one major advantage over humans: They can make energy directly from the sun. That process of turning sunlight directly into usable energy - called photosynthesis - may soon be a feat humans are able to mimic to harness the sun's energy for clean, storable, efficient fuel. If so, it could open a whole new frontier of clean energy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brittany Steff
bsteff@purdue.edu
765-494-7833
Purdue University

Public Release: 15-Jun-2021
NSF CAREER Award, Department of Energy grant to study atmospheric gases
'We hope this will lead to improved models and better predictions of regional air quality,' he said. His research may also provide fundamental insights into the impact of different types of emissions on the chemistry of the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Emily Roediger
eroedig@vt.edu
540-231-2108
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 15-Jun-2021
eLife
Plants use a blend of external influences to evolve defense mechanisms
Plants evolve specialized defense chemicals through the combined effects of genes, geography, demography and environmental conditions.
National Science Foundation, US-Israel Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
eLife

Public Release: 15-Jun-2021
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate
Cosmic rays: Coronal mass ejections and cosmic ray observations at Syowa Station in the Antarctic
Solar activities, such as CME(Coronal Mass Ejection), cause geomagnetic storm that is a temporary disturbance of the Earth's magnetosphere. Geomagnetic storms can affect GPS positioning, radio communication, and power transmission system. Solar explosions also emit radiation, which can affect satellite failures, radiation exposure to aircraft crew, and space activity. Therefore, it is important to understand space weather phenomena and their impact on the Earth.
Bartol Research Institute neutron monitor program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hitomi Thompson
intl_ac@shinshu-u.ac.jp
81-263-373-529
Shinshu University

Public Release: 15-Jun-2021
Wader Study
Enormous flock of declining shorebird discovered in South Carolina
In 2019, on a small island in coastal South Carolina, biologists discovered an animal migration phenomenon that was difficult to believe. Nearly 20,000 whimbrel were stopping at Deveaux Bank along their migration north -- half the estimated eastern population of the declining shorebird.
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, South Carolina State Wildlife Program, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Erin Weeks
weekse@dnr.sc.gov
843-953-9845
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources

Public Release: 15-Jun-2021
Communications Biology
Snails carrying the world's smallest computer help solve mass extinction survivor mystery
More than 50 species of tree snail in the South Pacific Society Islands were wiped out following the introduction of an alien predatory snail in the 1970s, but the white-shelled Partula hyalina survived.
U-M's MCubed program, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, National Science Foundation and Arm Ltd

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
kmca@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1042.

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