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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 1-25 out of 1084.

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Public Release: 23-Feb-2018
Environmental Science and Technology
Scientists examine link between surface-water salinity, climate change
A Syracuse University researcher explores the impact of de-icing salt from roads and highways on a local watershed. She says their findings make her 'cautiously optimistic' about the watershed's future surface-water chloride concentrations.
National Science Foundation, Syracuse University's Campus as a Laboratory for Sustainability program

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Syracuse University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2018
UH chemist Judy Wu receives NSF CAREER Award for hydrogen bond research
Aromaticity and hydrogen bonding are both well-established chemical concepts, but for the past 200 years, they have been considered as largely separate ideas. Judy Wu, a computational quantum chemist at the University of Houston, earned a National Science Foundation CAREER award for her proposal suggesting that connecting the two could change the way chemists view hydrogen bonds and potentially guide experimental efforts in the design of advanced materials
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 23-Feb-2018
Light+Human Health Symposium
Transforming patient health care and well-being through lighting
The world of health care is changing rapidly and there is increased interest in the role that light and lighting can play in improving health outcomes for patients and providing healthy work environments for staff, according to many researchers. Recently, the Center for Lighting Enabled Systems & Applications (LESA) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, together with the Illumination Engineering Society (IES), sponsored a workshop to explore pathways to define and promote the adoption of lighting systems specifically for health-care environments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jessica Otitigbe
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 23-Feb-2018
Science Advances
Researchers combine metalens with an artificial muscle
Inspired by the human eye, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed an adaptive metalens, that is essentially a flat, electronically controlled artificial eye. The adaptive metalens simultaneously controls for three of the major contributors to blurry images: focus, astigmatism, and image shift.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 22-Feb-2018
The building of innovation
An interdisciplinary faculty team from Lehigh University's Center for Photonics and Nanoelectronics (CPN) has been steadily earning recognition for pushing the envelope with advances in materials, devices and integrated systems in optical and electronics technologies, especially the synthesis of new materials with a broad range of applicability.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Anne Lynch
Lehigh University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2018
Purdue researchers show microscopic wood nanocrystals make concrete stronger
Purdue University researchers studying whether concrete is made stronger by infusing it with microscopic-sized nanocrystals from wood are moving from the laboratory to the real world with a bridge that will be built in California this spring. The researchers have been working with cellulose nanocrystals, byproducts generated by the paper, bioenergy, agriculture and pulp industries, to find the best mixture to strengthen concrete, the most common man-made material in the world.
National Science Foundation, P3Nano

Contact: Tom Coyne
Purdue University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2018
Advanced Energy Materials
With computation, researchers identify promising solid oxide fuel cell materials
Using advanced computational methods, University of Wisconsin-Madison materials scientists have discovered new materials that could bring widespread commercial use of solid oxide fuel cells closer to reality.
US Air Force, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dane Morgan
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 22-Feb-2018
Drier conditions could doom Rocky Mountain spruce and fir trees
Drier summers and a decline in average snowpack over the past 40 years have severely hampered the establishment of two foundational tree species in subalpine regions of Colorado's Front Range, suggesting that climate warming is already taking a toll on forest health in some areas of the southern Rocky Mountains.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Australian Research Council

Contact: Trent Knoss
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 22-Feb-2018
UCF-led consortium to manage Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico
The largest fully operational radio telescope on the planet -- the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico -- will soon be under new management. A consortium led by the University of Central Florida will start formal transition activities to take on the management of the National Science Foundation's Observatory. NSF is negotiating the operations and management award with UCF.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Heather Smith
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 22-Feb-2018
Nature Scientific Reports
Invasion of the body-snatching fungus
UConn researchers recently documented in Nature Scientific Reports a gory and fascinating relationship between periodical cicadas and a fungus that infects them, hijacks their behavior, and causes a scene straight out of a zombie movie.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elaina Hancock
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 22-Feb-2018
Trees: Structure and Function
Damage encourages maple species to become female, Rutgers study finds
Jennifer Blake-Mahmud reports that striped maples not only change their sex periodically, but that they can wait until the last minute - three weeks before flowering - to do it. The switch appears to be triggered by physical damage, which can prompt a branch to flower female if it's cut off a male tree.
Ecology and Evolution Graduate Program, Rutgers University, Torrey Botanical Society, Botanical Society of America, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Branson
Rutgers University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2018
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
New symmetry-breaking method opens way for bioactive compounds
EPFL chemists have developed a new catalytic method for symmetry breaking. Published in Angewandte Chemie, the method can help synthesize important building blocks for bioactive compounds such as anticancer drugs.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 22-Feb-2018
New Phytologist
Seasonal patterns in the Amazon explained
Environmental scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have led an international collaboration to improve satellite observations of tropical forests. With the help of professional tree climbers, the scientists collected field data on three factors that affect canopy 'greenness.'
NASA, National Science Foundation, Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments-Tropics project

Contact: Stephanie Kossman
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
Astrophysical Journal
Astronomers discover S0-2 star is single and ready for big Einstein test
A team of astronomers led by Devin Chu, a UCLA scientist from Hawaii, has found that S0-2 does not have a significant other after all, or at least one that is massive enough to get in the way of critical measurements that astronomers need to test Einstein's Theory of General Relativity. Up until now, it was thought that S0-2 may be a binary, a system where two stars circle around each other.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, W. M. Keck Foundation, National Science Foundation, The Bob and Renee Parsons Foundation, Change Happe

Contact: Mari-Ela Chock
W. M. Keck Observatory

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
How do neural support cells affect nerve function?
Glial cells may modulate the release of neurotransmitters -- chemicals that relay signals between nerve cells -- by increasing the acidity of the extracellular environment.
National Science Foundation, Grants in Aid Award from Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society, Laura and Arthur Colwin Summer Fellowship from the Marine Biological Laboratory, LAS Award for Faculty in the Natural Sciences

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Science
New tool tells bioengineers when to build microbial teams
Researchers at Duke University have created a framework for helping bioengineers determine when to use multiple lines of cells to manufacture a product. The work could help a variety of industries that use bacteria to produce chemicals ranging from pharmaceuticals to fragrances.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
'Memtransistor' brings world closer to brain-like computing
Combined memristor and transistor operates like a neuron by performing both information processing and memory storage functions.
National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Morris
Northwestern University

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Separate brain systems cooperate during learning, study finds
Brown University researchers have shown that reinforcement learning and working memory -- two distinct brain systems -- work hand-in-hand as people learn new tasks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
UTA researcher to develop nanomaterials to treat antibiotic-resistant infections
A researcher at The University of Texas at Arlington has been awarded a prestigious National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development, or CAREER, grant to develop new synthetic antimicrobial nanomaterials to treat antibiotic-resistant infections in hospitals and military facilities.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
New research sheds light on prehistoric human migration in europe
The first farmers of northern and western Europe passed through southeastern Europe with limited hunter-gatherer genetic admixture, which occurs when two or more previously isolated populations begin interbreeding. However, some groups that remained mixed extensively -- without the male-biased, hunter-gatherer admixture that prevailed later in the North and West.
Human Frontier Science Program, Irish Research Council, NSF Archaeometry program, Croatian Science Foundation, European Research Council, US National Science Foundation, US National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Ivor Jankovic
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
Science Robotics
Snake-inspired robot uses kirigami to move
Harvard researchers developed a soft robot inspired by snakeskin that crawls without any rigid components. The soft robotic scales are made using kirigami -- an ancient Japanese paper craft that relies on cuts, rather than origami folds, to change the properties of a material. As the robot stretches, the flat kirigami surface is transformed into a 3-D-textured surface, which grips the ground just like snakeskin.
TNational Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
Origami mysteries could be unfolded in engineering research
Suyi Li, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering, says the possibilities for origami are many and could include floor pads that protect babies from falls and building foundations that absorb vibrations in earthquakes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Suyi Li
Clemson University

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
Dark Matter 2018
UMass Amherst physicists contribute to dark matter detector success
This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at UCLA at its Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. WIMPs have been candidate dark matter particles for decades, but none have been found to date. Andrea Pocar of UMass Amherst says the DarkSide detector his group helped to build has demonstrated the great potential of liquid argon technology in the search for WIMPs.
Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics, US National Science Foundation, funding agencies at collaborating institutions in Brazil, China, France, Poland, Spain and Russia

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
Geophysical Research Letters
First evidence of surprising ocean warming around Galápagos corals
A new analysis of the natural temperature archives stored in coral reefs shows the ocean around the Galápagos Islands has been warming since the 1970s. The finding surprised the research team, because the sparse instrumental records for sea surface temperature for that part of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean did not show warming. Scientists thought strong upwelling of colder deep waters spared the region from the warming seen in other parts of the Pacific.
National Science Foundation, UK Natural Environment Research Council, Philanthropic Education Organization Fellowship

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
University of Arizona

Public Release: 21-Feb-2018
Science Advances
Climate warming causes local extinction of Rocky Mountain wildflower species
New University of Colorado Boulder-led research has established a causal link between climate warming and the localized extinction of a common Rocky Mountain flowering plant, a result that could serve as a herald of future population declines.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Trent Knoss
University of Colorado at Boulder

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1084.

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