Synthetic Mycoplasma bacteria. Colored scanning electron micrograph of M. mycoides JCVI-syn1.0 cells. This was the first self-replicating bacterium controlled by a synthetic genome. It was developed by scientists at the J. Craig Venter Institute and announced in May 2010. To produce the cells, a genome based on the M. mycoides genome was synthesized and inserted into a M. capricolum shell that had had its genetic material removed. Magnification: 38,000x when printed at 10cm across.
Thomas Deerinck and Mark Ellisman, National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research (NCMIR), and John Glass and J. Craig Venter, J. Craig Venter Institute.