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Showing releases 1-23 out of 23.

Public Release: 24-May-2018
ACS Nano
Microscopy advance reveals unexpected role for water in energy storage material
A material with atomically thin layers of water holds promise for energy storage technologies, and researchers have now discovered that the water is performing a different role than anyone anticipated. The finding was possible due to a new atomic force microscopy method that measures the sub-nanoscale deformation rate in the material in response to changes in the material caused by energy storage.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Physical Review Letters
Nuclear physicists leap into quantum computing with first simulations of atomic nucleus
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first to successfully simulate an atomic nucleus using a quantum computer. The results, published in Physical Review Letters, demonstrate the ability of quantum systems to compute nuclear physics problems and serve as a benchmark for future calculations.
DOE/Office of Science Advanced Scientific Computing Research

Contact: Rachel Harken
harkenrm@ornl.gov
865-576-2057
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Advanced Functional Materials
Understanding light-induced electrical current in atomically thin nanomaterials
Scientists demonstrated that scanning photocurrent microscopy -- an imaging capability just added to Brookhaven Lab's Center for Functional Nanomaterials -- could provide the optoelectronic information needed to improve the performance of devices for power generation, communications, data storage, and lighting
US Department of Energy

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
atantillo@bnl.gov
631-344-2347
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 23-May-2018
Nature
Columbia researchers squeeze light into nanoscale devices and circuits
Columbia investigators have made a major breakthrough in nanophotonics research, with their invention of a novel 'home-built' cryogenic near-field optical microscope that has enabled them to directly image, for the first time, the propagation and dynamics of graphene plasmons at variable temperatures down to negative 250 degrees Celsius. If researchers can harness this nanolight, they will be able to improve sensing, subwavelength waveguiding, and optical transmission of signals.
US Department of Energy, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation's EPiQS Initiative

Contact: Holly Evarts
he2181@columbia.edu
212-854-3206
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 21-May-2018
Electric vehicles that charge as you drive? CSU gets support for feasibility study
A team composed of Colorado State University, Utah State University and Purdue University researchers, and infrastructure development firm AECOM, has been awarded $500,000 from the Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy. They will evaluate how best to roll out in-motion charging technology for electric vehicles, and look at the benefits from both a cost and environmental standpoint.
US Department of Energy, Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy

Contact: Anne Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Public Release: 21-May-2018
Applied Physics Letters
A better way to control crystal vibrations
The vibrational motion of an atom in a crystal propagates to neighboring atoms, which leads to wavelike propagation of the vibrations throughout the crystal. The way in which these natural vibrations travel through the crystalline structure determine fundamental properties of the material. Now, researchers have shown that by swapping out just a small fraction of a material's atoms with atoms of a different element, they can control the speed and frequencies of these vibrations
US Department of Energy

Contact: Rhys Leahy
media@aip.org
301-209-3090
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 21-May-2018
Raising the heat to lower the cost of solar energy
Sandia National Laboratories will receive $10.5 million from the Department of Energy to research and design a cheaper and more efficient solar energy system.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Kristen Meub
klmeub@sandia.gov
505-845-7215
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 21-May-2018
Hotstick USA licenses ORNL direct-current detector for emergency responder safety
North Carolina-based Hotstick USA has exclusively licensed a direct-current detector technology developed by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory to help emergency responders safely detect high voltages.
US Fire Administration, US Department of Homeland Security

Contact: Sara Shoemaker
shoemakerms@ornl.gov
865-576-9219
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 18-May-2018
Science Advances
Diamond 'spin-off' tech could lead to low-cost medical imaging and drug discovery tools
An international team has discovered how to exploit defects in nanoscale and microscale diamonds and potentially enhance the sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging and nuclear magnetic resonance systems while eliminating the need for their costly and bulky superconducting magnets.

Contact: Glenn Roberts Jr.
geroberts@lbl.gov
510-520-0843
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 17-May-2018
Energy & Environmental Science
Self-assembling 3D battery would charge in seconds
A cross-campus collaboration led by Ulrich Wiesner, professor of engineering in the at Cornell University, addresses this demand with a novel energy storage device architecture that has the potential for lightning-quick charges. The group's idea: Instead of having the batteries' anode and cathode on either side of a nonconducting separator, intertwine the components in a self-assembling, 3D gyroidal structure, with thousands of nanoscale pores filled with the elements necessary for energy storage and delivery.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Cornell University

Contact: Jeff Tyson
jeff.tyson@cornell.edu
607-255-7701
Cornell University

Public Release: 17-May-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Riding bacterium to the bank
Jet fuel, pantyhose and plastic soda bottles: all three could be made from bioengineered bacteria, as Sandia National Laboratories has now demonstrated.
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Contact: Jules Bernstein
jberns@sandia.gov
925-294-2612
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 17-May-2018
Nature Communications
Supersonic waves may help electronics beat the heat
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory made the first observations of waves of atomic rearrangements, known as phasons, propagating supersonically through a vibrating crystal lattice -- a discovery that may dramatically improve heat transport in insulators and enable new strategies for heat management in future electronics devices.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 17-May-2018
Nature Chemistry
Supercomputing the emergence of material behavior
Chemists at the University of California, San Diego designed the first artificial protein assembly (C98RhuA) whose conformational dynamics can be chemically and mechanically toggled. The Maverick GPU-based supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center simulated the system through an allocation on NSF-funded XSEDE, the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment. The research, published in April 2018 in Nature Chemistry, could help create new materials for renewable energy, medicine, water purification, and more.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment

Contact: Jorge Salazar
512-471-3980
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 16-May-2018
ORNL facility receives American Nuclear Society's historic landmark designation
The American Nuclear Society has designated the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory an ANS Nuclear Historic Landmark, recognizing more than 50 years of isotope production and nuclear fuel cycle research.

Contact: Jason Ellis
ellisjk@ornl.gov
803-804-4122
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-May-2018
Argonne's TechConnect hat trick
Argonne National Laboratory nanoscientist Anirudha Sumant has earned a TechConnect Innovation Award for the third year in a row. The award recognizes Sumant's work on nitrogen-incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamonds for application as a portable electron source in field emission cathodes. The technology was developed in partnership with Euclid Techlabs to create a superior field emission electron source for use in linear accelerators.

Contact: Diana Anderson
ddanderson@anl.gov
630-252-4593
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-May-2018
Remote Sensing of Environment
New technique reveals details of forest fire recovery
Do you know someone who's so caught up in the details of a problem that they 'can't see the forest for the trees'? Scientists seeking to understand how forests recover from wildfires sometimes have the opposite problem.

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-May-2018
PNNL successfully vitrifies three gallons of radioactive tank waste
Approximately three gallons of low-activity Hanford tank waste were vitrified at PNNL's Radiochemical Processing Laboratory in April. The laboratory-scale demonstration is an important step toward the eventual treatment of millions of gallons of hazardous waste generated during past plutonium production at Hanford.
DOE/Office of Environmental Management

Contact: Susan Bauer
susan.bauer@pnnl.gov
509-372-6083
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-May-2018
Nature
Quarks feel the pressure in the proton
Inside every proton in every atom in the universe is a pressure cooker environment that surpasses the atom-crushing heart of a neutron star. That's according to the first measurement of a mechanical property of subatomic particles, the pressure distribution inside the proton, which was carried out by scientists at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Kandice Carter
kcarter@jlab.org
757-269-7263
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Public Release: 16-May-2018
Nature
Exploration of diverse bacteria signals big advance for gene function prediction
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, including researchers at the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, have developed a workflow that enables large-scale, genome-wide assays of gene importance across many conditions. The study, 'Mutant Phenotypes for Thousands of Bacterial Genes of Unknown Function,' has been published in the journal Nature and is by far the largest functional genomics study of bacteria ever published.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Julie Chao
jhchao@lbl.gov
510-486-6491
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-May-2018
PNNL part of a new national center for near-atomic resolution of biological molecules
A collaboration between the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oregon Health & Science University has been chosen as a national center for a Nobel Prize-winning method of imaging, cryo-electron microscopy, that is revolutionizing structural biology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Rickey
tom.rickey@pnnl.gov
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-May-2018
Two cool: A pair of patents filed on breakthrough materials for next-gen refrigerators
Consortium members have filed a pair of provisional patent applications on two caloric materials, which are compounds that generate strong cooling effects when acted upon by magnetic, electric, or mechanical forces

Contact: Laura Millsaps
millsaps@ameslab.gov
DOE/Ames Laboratory

Public Release: 15-May-2018
Science
Neutrons measured with unprecedented precision using a 'magneto-gravitational trap'
Researchers at the IU Center for the Exploration of Energy and Matter have developed a highly accurate way to measure neutron decay rates. It could provide new insight into the state of the universe after the Big Bang.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, NIST Precision Measurement Grant, Los Alamos Laboratory Directed Research and Development, DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 14-May-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Uncertainty in long-run economic growth likely points toward greater emissions, climate change costs
A challenge in estimating the extent and cost of damages from climate change over the next 100 years is developing forecasts of long-run economic growth. In a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, researchers from the University of Illinois and Yale University present a systematic method of integrating current models to develop forecasts of uncertainty in global and regional per capita economic growth rates through the year 2100.
Carnegie Commission of New York, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Henry
slhenry@illinois.edu
217-244-1183
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Showing releases 1-23 out of 23.

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