Public Release: 16-Feb-2018
Physical Review Letters Researchers demonstrate promising method for improving quantum information processing
A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated a new method for splitting light beams into their frequency modes, work that could spur advancements in quantum information processing and distributed quantum computing.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 16-Feb-2018
Science Bringing a hidden superconducting state to light
Using high-intensity pulses of infrared light, scientists found evidence of superconductivity associated with charge 'stripes' in a material above the temperature at which it begins to transmit electricity without resistance--a finding that could help them design better high-temperature superconductors.
US Department of Energy, European Research Council
Public Release: 14-Feb-2018 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, OHSU join forces to advance precision
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and OHSU announced today a joint collaboration to improve patient care by focusing research on highly complex sets of biomedical data, and the tools to interpret them. The OHSU-PNNL Precision Medicine Innovation Co-Laboratory, called PMedIC, will provide a comprehensive ecosystem for scientists to utilize integrated 'omics, data science and imaging technologies in their research in order to advance precision medicine - an approach to disease treatment that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment and lifestyle for each person.
Public Release: 13-Feb-2018
npj Nature Quantum Materials Missing link to novel superconductivity revealed at Ames Laboratory
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered a state of magnetism that may be the missing link to understanding the relationship between magnetism and unconventional superconductivity.
Public Release: 13-Feb-2018 Cost-reduction roadmap outlines two pathways to meet DOE residential solar cost target for 2030
Leveraging cost-reduction opportunities in the roof replacement or new construction markets for residential photovoltaic installations could help the United States meet the US Department of Energy Solar Energy Technologies Office residential solar photovoltaic cost target by 2030, according to new research from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Public Release: 12-Feb-2018
Structure Neutron study of glaucoma drugs offers clues about enzyme targets for aggressive cancers
A team of researchers from ORNL's Energy and Transportation Science Division is using neutron imaging to study particulate filters that collect harmful emissions in vehicles. A better understanding of how heat treatments and oxidation methods can remove layers of soot and ash from these filters could lead to improved fuel-efficiency.
ThORNL Shull Fellowship
Public Release: 12-Feb-2018
Nature Captured electrons excite nuclei to higher energy states
For the first time, scientists demonstrated a long-theorized nuclear effect called nuclear excitation by electron capture. This advance tests theoretical models that describe how nuclear and atomic realms interact and may also provide new insights into how star elements are created.
Public Release: 12-Feb-2018
2018 AAAS Annual Meeting Several Berkeley Lab scientists to present talks at 2018 AAAS Annual Meeting
Several scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) will present talks at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, to be held Feb. 15 - 19 in Austin, Texas. Topics include a new model for science innovation, new ways to search for dark matter, and developments in advanced bioenergy.
Public Release: 12-Feb-2018 Solving the dark energy mystery: A new assignment for a 45-year-old telescope
Today, the dome closes on the previous science chapters of the 4-meter Mayall Telescope in Arizona so that it can prepare for its new role in creating the largest 3-D map of the universe. This map could help to solve the mystery of dark energy, which is driving the accelerating expansion of the universe.
Public Release: 8-Feb-2018 Researchers run first tests of unique system for welding highly irradiated metal alloys
Scientists of the Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS) and partners from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) have conducted the first weld tests to repair highly irradiated materials at DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program, Electric Power Research Institute's Long Term Operations Program, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Public Release: 6-Feb-2018
Nuclear Fusion Lithium -- it's not just for batteries: It can also reduce instabilities in fusion plasmas
Scientists have found that lithium powder can eliminate instabilities known as edge-localized modes (ELMs) when used to coat a tungsten plasma-facing component called the 'divertor.'
US Department of Energy, National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Nature Science Foundation of China, National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Science Program of China
Public Release: 1-Feb-2018
The Journal of Building Physics Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2018
ORNL research says quantum computers will use much less energy than current supercomputers, a potential cost benefit to equipment manufacturers and data centers.
ORNL creates supertough renewable plastic with improved manufacturability.
A new ORNL system will help builders and home designers select the best construction materials for long-term moisture durability.
DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Office, Building America
Public Release: 1-Feb-2018 New radiation detectors developed at Sandia used for New START inspections
Sandia National Laboratories designed and produced new radiation detection equipment for New START Treaty monitoring. New START is a treaty between the United States and Russia that, among other limits, reduces the deployed nuclear warheads on both sides to 1,550 by Feb. 5.
Public Release: 31-Jan-2018
Nature Gene enhancers are important despite apparent redundancy
Scientists answered a long-standing question about the role of enhancers. And by better linking the genomic complement of an organism with its expressed characteristics, their work offers new insights that further the growing field of systems biology, which seeks to gain a predictive understanding of living systems.
Public Release: 30-Jan-2018
Nature Communications Applying machine learning to the universe's mysteries
Berkeley Lab physicists and their collaborators have demonstrated that computers are ready to tackle the universe's greatest mysteries -- they used neural networks to perform a deep dive into data simulating the subatomic particle soup that may have existed just microseconds after the big bang.
Public Release: 29-Jan-2018
PeerJ Computer Science Networking, data experts design a better portal for scientific discovery
A team of networking experts from the Department of Energy's Energy Sciences Network (ESnet), with the Globus team from the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory, have designed a new approach that makes data sharing faster, more reliable and more secure.
Public Release: 26-Jan-2018
Nature Physics X-ray experiments suggest high tunability of 2-D material
Researchers used MAESTRO, an X-ray platform at Berkeley Lab, to zero in on signatures of exotic electronic behavior in a 2-D material. They found that the material may be highly tunable, with potential applications in spintronics and other emerging fields.
Public Release: 25-Jan-2018
Science Tiny particles have outsize impact on storm clouds, precipitation
Tiny particles fuel powerful storms and influence weather much more than has been appreciated, according to a study in the Jan. 26 issue of the journal Science. While scientists have known that aerosols may play an important role in shaping weather and climate, the new study shows that the smallest of particles have an outsize effect. The tiny pollutants -- long considered too small to have much impact on droplet formation -- are, in effect, diminutive downpour-makers.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 24-Jan-2018
Physical Review Letters New discovery could improve organic solar cell performance
Scientists who are members of a new energy materials-related science center based at Berkeley Lab have solved a mystery that could lead to gains in efficiency for organic solar cells.
Public Release: 23-Jan-2018
Nature Energy NREL research determines integration of plug-in electric vehicles
An influx of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) charging without coordination could prove challenging to the nation's electric grid, according to research conducted by the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).
Public Release: 22-Jan-2018
Nature Ecology & Evolution Researchers reveal how microbes cope in phosphorus-deficient tropical soil
A team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has uncovered how certain soil microbes cope in a phosphorus-poor environment to survive in a tropical ecosystem. Their novel approach could be applied in other ecosystems to study various nutrient limitations and inform agriculture and terrestrial biosphere modeling.
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.