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NEWS FROM UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER DOE RESEARCH PARTNERS

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 260.

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Public Release: 11-Oct-2018
Advanced Materials
Self-healing material can build itself from carbon in the air
A new material developed at MIT can mimic plants by taking carbon dioxide from the air and turning it into a useful solid material, potentially helping in the battle against global climate change.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Oct-2018
Nature Communications
New options for breast cancer drug development found in estrogen receptors
Many breast cancer drugs block estrogen receptors inside cancer cells. Blocking the receptors early in disease progression staves off metastasis. But most patients with advanced disease eventually develop drug resistance, leaving doctors desperate for alternatives. Now, researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have uncovered a previously uncharacterized, bridge-like structure within the human estrogen receptor that could serve as a valuable new drug target.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Ansley Gogol
ansley.gogol@case.edu
216-368-4452
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2018
Physical Review Letters
Supercomputer predicts optical properties of complex hybrid materials
Materials scientists at Duke University computationally predicted the electrical and optical properties of semiconductors made from extended organic molecules sandwiched by inorganic structures. These types of so-called layered 'hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites' -- or HOIPs -- are popular targets for light-based devices such as solar cells and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The ability to build accurate models of these materials atom-by-atom will allow researchers to explore new material designs for next-generation devices.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Ken Kingery
KEN.KINGERY@DUKE.EDU
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2018
Nature Physics
Copper ions flow like liquid through crystalline structures
Materials scientists have sussed out the physical phenomenon underlying the promising electrical properties of a class of materials called superionic crystals through the investigation of CuCrSe2. A better understanding of such materials could lead to safer and more efficient rechargeable batteries than the current standard-bearer of lithium ion.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Ken Kingery
KEN.KINGERY@DUKE.EDU
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2018
Nature Materials
Study opens route to flexible electronics made from exotic materials
MIT engineers have developed a technique to fabricate ultrathin semiconducting films made from a host of exotic materials other than silicon. To demonstrate their technique, the researchers fabricated flexible films made from gallium arsenide, gallium nitride, and lithium fluoride -- materials that exhibit better performance than silicon but until now have been prohibitively expensive to produce in functional devices.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, US Department of Energy, Air Force Research Laboratory, LG Electronics, Amore Pacific, LAM Research, Analog Devices

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Oct-2018
A big spark for energy research
Expanding the boundaries of catalysis research. The US Department of Energy has renewed a grant that is helping UD's Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI) pioneer efforts to convert biomass into chemicals and fuels.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Peter Kerwin
pgkerwin@udel.edu
302-831-8749
University of Delaware

Public Release: 8-Oct-2018
Nature Genetics
A new method to pinpoint genetic differences between species could benefit human health
There are mouse species with stark differences in longevity, immunity and susceptibility to cancer. But understanding the genetic basis of trait differences between species has been essentially impossible. Researchers detail a new method to do that work, with the goal of finding the genetic basis of those advantages and then to compare them with human genetics. Ultimately scientists want to design drugs that mimic, in humans, the best that the natural world has to offer.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kris Rebillot
krebillot@buckinstitute.org
415-209-2080
Buck Institute for Research on Aging

Public Release: 5-Oct-2018
Could bacteria fuel the future?
The bacteria that caused your last stomach bug might provide the key to producing new fuels from renewable sources.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Peter Kerwin
pgkerwin@udel.edu
302-831-8749
University of Delaware

Public Release: 3-Oct-2018
Nature
Mountaintop observatory sees gamma rays from exotic Milky Way object
The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov Gamma-Ray Observatory (HAWC) collaboration has detected highly energetic light coming from a microquasar -- a black hole that gobbles up stuff from a companion star and blasts out powerful jets of material. Data analysis indicates that electron acceleration and collisions at the ends of the microquasar's jets produced powerful gamma rays. Multi-wavelength messengers from this unusual microquasar may offer scientists a glimpse into more extreme events happening in distant galaxies.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy Office of High-Energy Physics, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología México, Laboratorio Nacional HAWC de rayos gamma, L'OREAL, Red HAWC México, and others

Contact: Emily Edwards
eedwards@umd.edu
301-405-2291
University of Maryland

Public Release: 2-Oct-2018
Physical Review B
Transition metal dichalcogenides could increase computer speed, memory by a million times
Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) possess optical properties that could be used to make computers run a million times faster and store information a million times more energy-efficiently, according to a study led by Georgia State University.
US Department of Energy, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 28-Sep-2018
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
New, highly stable catalyst may help turn water into fuel
Breaking the bonds between oxygen and hydrogen in water could be a key to the creation of hydrogen in a sustainable manner, but finding an economically viable technique for this has proved difficult. Researchers report a new hydrogen-generating catalyst that clears many of the obstacles -- abundance, stability in acid conditions and efficiency.
University of Illinois, US Department of Energy

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 28-Sep-2018
Molecular Biology and Evolution
How some algae may survive climate change
Green algae that evolved to tolerate hostile and fluctuating conditions in salt marshes and inland salt flats are expected to survive climate change, thanks to hardy genes they stole from bacteria, according to a Rutgers-led study.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Phycological Society of America, National Research Foundation of Korea, Rural Development Administration, Korea

Contact: Todd Bates
todd.bates@rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 27-Sep-2018
Science
Scientists discover genetic basis for how harmful algal blooms become toxic
A team led by scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) has uncovered the genetic basis for the production of domoic acid, a potent neurotoxin produced by harmful algal blooms.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Lauren Fimbres Wood
lmwood@ucsd.edu
858-534-3626
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-Sep-2018
Nature Catalysis
Transforming carbon dioxide
A new technique to increase the efficiency of carbon dioxide (CO2) electrolysis that may lead to the production of new chemicals and fuels.
US Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy, National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Program

Contact: Peter Kerwin
pgkerwin@udel.edu
302-831-8749
University of Delaware

Public Release: 24-Sep-2018
Renewed project could protect environment for millennia
A team that has included more than 85 researchers from three South Carolina universities is receiving $2 million to continue investigating how buried nuclear waste would react with soil and groundwater if it were to leak into the environment. The funding comes on top of $5.25 million that began the project in 2014. It's a project that researchers said could help ensure safe disposal of nuclear waste, ideally for thousands or even hundreds of thousands of years.
US Department of Energy's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research

Contact: Brian Powell
bpowell@clemson.edu
864-656-1004
Clemson University

Public Release: 19-Sep-2018
$2 million award to reimagine US power grid
A $2 million award from the US Department of Energy will equip Michigan State University -- and partners Arizona State University, Dresser-Rand and Saudi Aramco Energy Ventures -- with resources to develop the next generation of designs for long-duration storage on the power grid.
US Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy

Contact: Caroline Brooks
caroline.brooks@cabs.msu.edu
517-432-0920
Michigan State University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2018
Nature Communications
A key to climate stabilization could be buried deep in the mud, FSU researchers suggest
While scientists fear that rising temperatures could unleash a 'bomb' of carbon from Earth's soil carbon reservoirs, a new FSU study suggests these reservoirs might actually be more stable than predicted.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, National Research Foundation Singapore, Geo.X, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: Zachary Boehm
zboehm@fsu.edu
850-645-1504
Florida State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2018
Harnessing microbial communities' division of labor for biofuel, chemical production
Researchers at the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois aim to understand more about the division of labor in microbial communities in a new grant from the US Department of Energy.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 17-Sep-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How dragonfly wings get their patterns
Researchers from Harvard University have developed a model that can recreate, with only a few parameters, the wing patterns of a large group of insects, shedding light on how these complex patterns form.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, NSF-Simons Center for Mathematical and Statistical Analysis of Biology, Harvard University

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 13-Sep-2018
Science
Designer enzyme conquers sulfite reduction, a bottleneck in environmental cleanup
Researchers have cleared one hurdle toward environmental cleanup of certain contaminants with a newly designed synthetic enzyme that reduces the compound sulfite to sulfide -- a notoriously complex multistep chemical reaction that has eluded chemists for years.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 11-Sep-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Cloud computing' takes on new meaning for scientists
Clouds may be wispy puffs of water vapor drifting through the sky, but they're heavy lifting computationally for scientists wanting to factor them into climate simulations. Researchers from the University of California, Irvine, the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich and Columbia University have turned to data science to achieve better cumulus calculating results.
US Department of Energy, NASA, National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 11-Sep-2018
Nature Communications
Natural mechanism could lower emissions from tropical peatlands
Scientists have long feared that as Earth warms, tropical peatlands -- which store up to 10 percent of the planet's soil carbon -- could dry out, decay and release vast pools of carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere, accelerating climate change. A new study led by Duke and Florida State researchers, however, finds theses swamps and marshes have a natural biochemical defense mechanism that helps them resist decay and could reduce or slow their emissions.
US Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2018
ACS Central Science
Researchers discover how caged molecules 'rattle and sing'
A team of energy researchers from the University of Minnesota and University of Massachusetts Amherst has discovered that molecular motion can be predicted with high accuracy when confining molecules in small nanocages. Their theoretical method is suitable for screening millions of possible nanomaterials and could improve production of fuels and chemicals.
Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, US Department of Energy -- Energy Frontiers Research Program

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
rzurn@umn.edu
612-626-7959
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 10-Sep-2018
Nature Materials
Decoupling stress and corrosion to predict metal failure
The research challenges the traditional viewpoint that the simultaneous presence of stress and a corrosive environment is a requirement for SCC and demonstrates that stress and corrosion can act independently.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Theresa Grant
theresa.grant@asu.edu
480-727-4058
Arizona State University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2018
Nature Chemistry
Novel nano material for quantum electronics
An international team led by Assistant Professor Kasper Steen Pedersen, DTU Chemistry, has synthesized a novel nano material with electrical and magnetic properties making it suitable for future quantum computers and other applications in electronics.
VILLUM Foundation, Independent Research Fund Denmark, Danish National Research Foundation, MOLSPIN COST Action, US Department of Energy, France-Berkeley Fund

Contact: Kasper Steen Pedersen
kastp@kemi.dtu.dk
452-360-4067
Technical University of Denmark

Showing releases 1-25 out of 260.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

 

 

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