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NEWS FROM UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER DOE RESEARCH PARTNERS

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Showing releases 1-25 out of 245.

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Public Release: 22-Jan-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Climate change and snowmelt -- turn up the heat, but what about humidity?
Changes in humidity may determine how the contribution of snowpack to streams, lakes and groundwater changes as the climate warms. Surprisingly, cloudy, gray and humid winter days can actually cause the snowpack to warm faster, increasing the likelihood of melt during winter months when the snowpack should be growing, the authors report. In contrast, under clear skies and low humidity the snow can become colder than the air, preserving the snowpack until spring.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
paul.gabrielsen@utah.edu
801-505-8253
University of Utah

Public Release: 18-Jan-2018
Science
Method uses DNA, nanoparticles and lithography to make optically active structures
Northwestern University researchers have developed a first-of-its-kind technique for creating entirely new classes of optical materials and devices that could lead to light bending and cloaking devices -- news to make the ears of Star Trek's Spock perk up. Using DNA as a key tool, the scientists took gold nanoparticles of different sizes and shapes and arranged them in two and three dimensions to form optically active superlattices. The structures could be programmed to exhibit almost any color across the visible spectrum.
Center for Bio-Inspired Energy Science, DOE/Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 18-Jan-2018
Climate and Atmospheric Science
Using data mining to make sense of climate change
Georgia Techhas developed a new way of mining data from climate data sets that is more self-contained than traditional tools. The methodology brings out commonalities of data sets without as much expertise from the user, allowing scientists to trust the data and get more robust -- and transparent -- results.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jason Maderer
maderer@gatech.edu
404-660-2926
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Jan-2018
Organic Process Research & Development
Army researchers make explosive discovery
Scientists from the US Army Research Laboratory and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory found a solution to a significant challenge in making high-energy explosives.
US Army Research Laboratory, DOE/Lawrence Livermore Laboratory

Contact: T'Jae Ellis
tanya.j.ellis.civ@mail.mil
410-306-1583
U.S. Army Research Laboratory

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Nature
Semiconductor breakthrough may be game-changer for organic solar cells
In an advance that could push cheap, ubiquitous solar power closer to reality, University of Michigan researchers have found a way to coax electrons to travel much further than was previously thought possible in the materials often used for organic solar cells and other organic semiconductors.
US Department of Energy, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Gabe Cherry
gcherry@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 17-Jan-2018
Ecology
Michigan's sugar maples will struggle in a warmer, drier future despite help from nitrogen pollution
Though Michigan's sugar maples benefit from the growth-promoting effects of nitrogen compounds in the environment, those gains will not fully offset the added stresses of growing under a drier climate in the future, according to a new University of Michigan-led study.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 16-Jan-2018
Global Change Biology: Bioenergy
New study shows producers where and how to grow cellulosic biofuel crops
A new multi-institution report provides practical agronomic data for five cellulosic feedstocks, which could improve adoption and increase production across the country.
US Department of Energy, North Central Regional Sun Grant Center at South Dakota State University

Contact: Lauren Quinn
ldquinn@illinois.edu
217-300-2435
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 15-Jan-2018
Applied Physics Letters
Mysteries of a promising spintronic material revealed
 Researchers at UC Riverside used an unconventional approach to determine the strength of the electron spin interactions with the optical phonons in antiferromagnetic nickel oxide (NiO) crystals.
US Department of Energy, Office of Science

Contact: John Warren
john.warren@ucr.edu
951-827-4756
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 15-Jan-2018
Nature Microbiology
Unexpected environmental source of methane discovered
Roughly 10 percent of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms contain the genetic code for manufacturing a back-up enzyme, called iron iron-only nitrogenase, to do their job. New research reveals that this enzyme allows these microorganisms to convert nitrogen gas to ammonia and carbon dioxide into methane at the same time. This enzymatic pathway is a previously unknown route for the natural biological production of methane.
US Department of Energy, BETCy Energy Frontier Research Center

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jan-2018
Nature Microbiology
Nature has more than one way to make methane, say Utah State University biochemists
Utah State University biochemists, with collaborators from the University of Washington and Montana State University, report a bacterial, iron-only nitrogenase pathway for methane formation.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Lance Seefeldt
lance.seefeldt@usu.edu
435-797-3964
Utah State University

Public Release: 10-Jan-2018
Nature Communications
The atomic dynamics of rare everlasting electric fields
Researchers have discovered the atomic mechanisms that give the unusual material yttrium manganite its rare magnetic and electric properties. All it took was ricocheting neutrons off the atoms of a sample of the material heated to 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 9-Jan-2018
Science
Bio-based compound offers a greener carbon fiber alternative
From cars and bicycles to airplanes and space shuttles, manufacturers around the world are trying to make these vehicles lighter, which helps lower fuel use and lessen the environmental footprint. But with the industry relying on petroleum products to make carbon fiber today, could we instead use renewable sources?
US Department of Energy

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-663-7237
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 8-Jan-2018
Nature Chemistry
New catalyst for making fuels from shale gas
Methane in shale gas can be turned into hydrocarbon fuels using an innovative platinum and copper alloy catalyst, according to new research led by UCL (University College London) and Tufts University.
US Department of Energy, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, European Research Council and the Royal Society

Contact: Rebecca Caygill
r.caygill@ucl.ac.uk
44-020-310-83846
University College London

Public Release: 3-Jan-2018
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Tailoring cancer treatments to individual patients
The Center for Computational Oncology developed computer models to predict how cancer will progress in a specific individual, based on tissue, cellular and subcellular protein signaling responses. The models can predict how brain tumors (gliomas) will grow with much greater accuracy than previous models. Recently, the group began a clinical study to predict how an individual's cancer will progress after one cycle of therapy, and to use that prediction to plan the course of treatment.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Council of Technological and Scientific Development, Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas, NIH/National Cancer Institute, German Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-8217
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 2-Jan-2018
Energy & Environmental Science
A fossil fuel technology that doesn't pollute
Engineers at The Ohio State University are developing technologies that have the potential to economically convert fossil fuels and biomass into useful products including electricity without emitting carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.
US Department of Energy, Ohio Development Services Agency

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 21-Dec-2017
Science
Hotter temperatures will accelerate migration of asylum-seekers to Europe, says study
In a new study in Science, researchers at Columbia University predict a rising number of asylum-seekers to the EU as global temperatures increase.
European Commission's Joint Research Centre, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kim Martineau
klm32@columbia.edu
646-717-0134
Columbia University

Public Release: 20-Dec-2017
Joule
New technique allows rapid screening for new types of solar cells
A new method developed by researchers at MIT and elsewhere could greatly speed up the development of novel new materials for future photovoltaic cells.
Google Faculty Research Award, US Department of Energy, Total research grant

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Dec-2017
New grants bolster CSU expertise in wildfire smoke impacts
When wildfires burn, the choking smoke that billows upward has a life of its own. Depending on a multitude of conditions such as wind speed, cloud density and forest type, combustion byproducts move and change unpredictably in the atmosphere. The study of these smoke particles ­-- their size, composition, dispersion and interaction with clouds and atmospheric processes -- has a rich interdisciplinary history at Colorado State University.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Public Release: 18-Dec-2017
Nature Chemistry
Thermally activated delayed photoluminescence from semiconductor nanocrystals
Researchers from North Carolina State University have found that the transfer of triplet excitons from nanomaterials to molecules also creates a feedback mechanism that returns some energy to the nanocrystal, causing it to photoluminesce on long time scales. The mechanism can be adjusted to control the amount of energy transfer, which could be useful in optoelectronic applications.
US Department of Energy, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2017
Chemistry of Materials
One in 5 materials chemistry papers may be wrong, study suggests
Can companies rely on the results of one or two scientific studies to design a new industrial process or launch a new product? In at least one area of materials chemistry, the answer may be yes -- but only 80 percent of the time.
US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Dec-2017
Science
New catalyst meets challenge of cleaning exhaust from modern engines
Researchers have created a catalyst capable of reducing pollutants at the lower temperatures expected in advanced engines.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Yong Wang
wang42@wsu.edu
509-335-4332
Washington State University

Public Release: 13-Dec-2017
Earth's Future
High-resolution climate models present alarming new projections for US
Approaching the second half of the century, the United States is likely to experience increases in the number of days with extreme heat, the frequency and duration of heat waves, and the length of the growing season. In response, it is anticipated that societal, agricultural and ecological needs will increase the demand on already-strained natural resources like water and energy. University of Illinois researchers have developed new, high-resolution climate models that may help policymakers mitigate these effects at a local level.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Lois E. Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 13-Dec-2017
Nano Letters
Engineers create plants that glow
By embedding nanoparticles into the leaves of watercress, MIT engineers have induced the plant to give off dim light for nearly four hours. They believe engineered plants will one day be bright enough to act as desk lamps or street lights.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Dec-2017
Science Advances
Perking up and crimping the 'bristles' of polyelectrolyte brushes
A molecular-sized brush that looks like a shoe brush has properties with great potential for the materials industry and medicine, but polyelectrolyte brushes can be sensitive, and getting them to work right tricky. New research shows what can make them break down, but also what can get them to systematically recover.
DOE/Office of Science, Program in Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division; National Science Foundation Division of Civil, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Innovation, DOE/Argonne National Laboratory, Maria Goeppert

Contact: Ben Brumfield
ben.brumfield@comm.gatech.edu
404-660-1408
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Dec-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Columbia engineers create artificial graphene in a nanofabricated semiconductor structure
Researchers at Columbia Engineering, experts at manipulating matter at the nanoscale, have made an important breakthrough in physics and materials science, recently reported in Nature Nanotechnology. Working with colleagues from Princeton and Purdue Universities and Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, the team has engineered "artificial graphene" by recreating, for the first time, the electronic structure of graphene in a semiconductor device.
Columbia University, US Department of Energy Office of Science, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, the National Science Foundation, Division of Materials Research.

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
212-854-3206
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Showing releases 1-25 out of 245.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

 

 

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