Scientists from the CNR (National Research Council) and Ca' Foscari University of Venice have carried out the first scientific research on the ripple effects linking atmospheric emissions, sea acidification, and coastal erosion. The Mediterranean case study: a possible 31 percent decrease in sediment by 2100. The results have been published inClimatic Change
Earth's water may have originated from both asteroidal material and gas left over from the formation of the Sun, according to new research. The new finding could give scientists important insights about the development of other planets and their potential to support life.
A new study has shown vultures use their very own social networks to take advantage of thermal updrafts which help them fly vast distances. A team from Swansea University examined how the vultures seemed to make risky but efficient choices when it came to their flight patterns by observing other birds in the network.
When planet Earth formed, it grabbed a lot of hydrogen, a precursor to water, from the gas surrounding the newborn Sun. This source has long been neglected for geochemical reasons now shown to be incorrect.
In 1811 and 1812, the region around New Madrid, Mo., experienced a number of major earthquakes. The final and largest earthquake in this sequence occurred on the Reelfoot fault, and temporarily changed the course of the Mississippi River.
The University of Cincinnati is working with the Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology to add specific details on landslides to the state's map of known hazards.
Landfill gases contain numerous contaminants, but one group has demonstrated a promising new application of plasma technology capable of removing such compounds. Researchers have demonstrated an experimental plasma device capable of cleaning gas samples of D4, one of the most common siloxanes. Drawing on a technique for creating plasma called dielectric barrier discharge, the group was able to significantly reduce the amount of D4 samples after treating it with a helium-based plasma.
Scientists from Germany's Kiel University and British Antarctic Survey (BAS) have used data from the European Space Agency (ESA), Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) mission to unveil key geological features of the Earth's lithosphere -- the rigid outer layer that includes the crust and the upper mantle.
A Japanese research team led by Kanazawa University used chelator chemistry to recycle rare earths (REs) from spent fluorescent lamps. These technologically crucial but expensive elements were extracted using EDTA, an aminopolycarboxylate, from lamp phosphors. Combined with planetary ball-milling of the RE-containing phosphors, the optimized process recovered REs with efficiencies up to 84 percent (for yttrium and europium). This shows that REs, which are increasingly hard to mine, can be recycled cleanly under mild conditions.
In a new study, led by Peter Malin and Marco Bohnhoff of the GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences, the authors report on the observation of foreshocks that, if analyzed accordingly and in real-time, may possibly increase the early-warning time before a large earthquake from just a few seconds up to several hours.