New work from Carnegie's Stephen Elardo and Anat Shahar shows that interactions between iron and nickel under the extreme pressures and temperatures similar to a planetary interior can help scientists understand the period in our Solar System's youth when planets were forming and their cores were created.
In bitter cold regions like northwestern Canada, permafrost has preserved relict ground-ice and vast glacial sedimentary stores in a quasi-stable state. These landscapes therefore retain a high potential for climate-driven transformation.
Michigan State University's biometrics team, led by Anil Jain, modified their human facial recognition system to create LemurFaceID, the first computer facial recognition system for lemurs. Once optimized, LemurFaceID can assist with long-term research of the endangered species.
The ability of the savannahs to store the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide is ultimately determined by the amount of aboveground woody biomass. So far, though, it has been difficult to measure this important indicator, with current climate models relying on rough carbon estimates. But now, a research team at Jena University has succeeded in establishing a methodology that enables them to measure the above ground biomass of the savannahs and record even minor changes in the ecosystem.
After long-awaited snowfall in January, parts of the Alps are now covered with fresh powder and happy skiers. But the Swiss side of the iconic mountain range had the driest December since record-keeping began over 150 years ago, and 2016 was the third year in a row with scarce snow over the Christmas period. A study published today in The Cryosphere, a journal of the European Geosciences Union, shows bare Alpine slopes could be a much more common sight in the future.
Climigration refers to migration caused by climate change. The term was coined to describe the predicament of northern Alaska populations who live on the 'front line of climate change,' facing immediate threats from erosion and flooding. Is climate-induced migration already occurring from these places? Lawrence Hamilton, professor of sociology at the University of New Hampshire, will speak about this phenomenon at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting being held Feb. 16-20 in Boston.
An area on Mars that appears to have been flooded in the past offers a prime target to search for past life forms on the Red Planet.
Last year's El Niño resulted in unprecedented erosion of the Pacific coastline, according to research by marine scientist David Hubbard.
A new study contradicts decades of thought, research and teaching on the history of corn cultivation in the American Bottom, a floodplain of the Mississippi River in Illinois. The study refutes the notion that Indian corn, or maize, was cultivated in this region hundreds of years before its widespread adoption at about 1000 A.D.
A new study by a team of researchers, including one from UC Riverside, found that the fault under Ventura, Calif., would likely cause stronger shaking during an earthquake and more damage than previously suspected. The Ventura-Pitas Point fault in Southern California has been the focus of much recent attention because it is thought to be capable of magnitude 8 earthquakes. It underlies the city of Ventura and runs offshore, and thus could generate tsunamis.