When a coastline undergoes massive erosion, like a hurricane flattening a beach and its nearby environments, it has to rebuild itself - relying on the resilience of its natural coastal structures to begin piecing itself back together in a way that will allow it to survive the next large phenomena that comes its way.
New research shows that coastal populations are experiencing relative sea-level rise up to four times faster than the global average. The Nature CC study is the first to analyse global sea-level rise combined with measurements of sinking land. The impacts are far larger than the global numbers reported by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The high rates of relative sea-level rise are most urgent in South, South East and East Asia.
Researchers from the International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research developed a new method for detecting small earthquake tremors and successfully applied it to the Nankai Trough, Japan. The technique allowed the accurate estimation of tremor location and propagation speed, leading to the first estimates of this fault's permeability--crucial information in evaluation of earthquake rupture processes.
Assessments of ecosystem services should take greater account of species diversity, scientists from the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) are calling for. Large-scale assessments, however, only address some of these services, such as water filtration and carbon storage. In contrast, ecosystem services directly linked to species hardly play a role. The researchers point out that this wastes many opportunities for effective nature and species conservation.
When a block of ice the size of Houston, Texas, broke off from East Antarctica's Amery Ice Shelf in 2019, scientists had anticipated the calving event, but not exactly where it would happen. Now, satellite data can help scientists measure the depth and shape of ice shelf fractures to better predict when and where calving events will occur, according to researchers.
The Galápagos Islands have played a historic role in the natural sciences... now a large eruption in the archipelago has given scientists fresh insights into how volcanoes behave and could help forecast future events.
A new study using leading edge technology has shed surprising light on the ancient habitat where some of the first dinosaurs roamed in the UK around 200 million years ago.
New studies suggest there are at least 10 times as many Bahama Orioles as previously believed. The new data may influence the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) to down-list the Bahama Oriole from critically endangered to endangered, freeing up resources to support other threatened species. The new work also showed that Bahama Orioles live and nest in a wider range of habitats than previously understood, which could inform future conservation efforts.
Spring snowmelt in the Alps is occurring earlier in the year due to climate change and as a result triggering abrupt deviations in mountain ecosystems. These changes could negatively affect the functioning of these valuable ecosystems.
Sharing the press release that I hope you will find interesting: A research team from Skoltech (Russia) and FBK (Italy) presented a method to derive 4D building models using historical maps and machine learning (ML). It is useful for understanding urban phenomena and changes that contributed to defining our cities' actual shapes.