Like swinging a tennis racket during a ball toss to serve an ace, slow and speedy brainwaves during deep sleep must sync up at exactly the right moment to hit the save button on new memories, according to new UC Berkeley research.
Jacqueline Snow, with the University of Nevada, Reno's College of Liberal Arts, and her graduate students, Michael Gomez and Rafal Skiba, recently published findings of their research, "Graspable objects grab attention more than images do." They studied how humans allocate attention to different objects in a scene and examined whether real objects compete more strongly for attention and manual responses compared to matched computerized 2-D and 3-D images of the same objects.
The rare, chronic, autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (NPC1) is characterized by progressively debilitating and ultimately fatal neurological manifestations. There is an urgent need for disease-modifying therapies that address NPC1 neurological pathophysiology; and passage through the blood-brain barrier represents an important consideration for novel NPC1 drugs.
scientists from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in a close collaboration with a team from the Perelman School for Medicine, University of Pennsylvania solved the high-resolution structure of DISC1 in complex with Ndel1, uncovering a new mechanism of action for DISC1 based on its structure, which can lead to implications for how genetic insults may contribute to psychiatric disorders.
Researchers have developed new single-cell sequencing methods that could be used to map the cell origins of various brain disorders, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. By analyzing individual nuclei of cells from adult human brains, researchers have identified 35 different subtypes of neurons and glial cells and discovered which of these subtypes are most susceptible to common risk factors for different brain diseases.
New research suggests that administering taurine, a molecule naturally produced by human cells, could boost the effectiveness of current multiple sclerosis (MS) therapies.
Little is known about how axons in the developing visual system stabilize their connections upon reaching the correct layer, but scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), led by Associate Professor Takashi Suzuki, have identified two proteins that provide layer-specific stabilization.
Salk researchers discover spinal cord neurons that inhibit distracting input to focus on task at hand.
A new study is the first to identify a mechanism that could explain an early link between sound input and cognitive function, often called the 'Mozart effect.'
Ilana Witten's research, using mice to identify a neural link between spatial learning and socialization, hints at new avenues to help people with autism and other social behavior disorders that affect their prefrontal cortex.