Nature has inspired a coating for synthetic leather that repels oil and water -- and keeps the material from getting sticky in the heat.
In a new study published April 23 in the journal Nature Physics, Yale researchers 'pitch' a qubit -- a tiny bit of quantum data -- from one physical point in a microwave cavity to a separate point in a different cavity. It is the first time an end-to-end quantum transmission has been done on demand and represents the first of two Yale experiments involving 'pitch-and-catch' technologies that will be published this year.
A team of scientists from the Faculty of Chemistry and the Faculty of Materials Science, MSU together with foreign colleagues discovered that two-dimensional sheets of cadmium telluride can spontaneously fold into nanoscrolls. This effect may be used in electronics and photonics. The results of the study were published in the highly-rated Chemistry of Materials journal.
A new theory of how compression and tension can affect the reactivity of metal catalysts could be helpful in designing new and better catalysts.
Topological insulators are new materials that have been studied by many research groups around the world for more than ten years. The main advantage of such materials is the presence (under certain symmetry conditions) of dissipationless states at the sample boundary, while the bulk material retains the properties of an insulator. In view of these properties, it is hoped that topological insulators can be used in advanced communications and information processing systems, as well as in quantum computing.
A new recycling process developed at the US Department of Energy's Critical Materials Institute turns discarded hard disk drive magnets into new magnet material in a few steps, and tackles both the economic and environmental issues typically associated with mining e-waste for valuable materials.
The discovery that water microdroplets can replace potentially toxic agents in the creation of gold nanoparticles and nanowires could help usher in a new era of 'green chemistry.'
Discovery by NTU's Professor Subra Suresh and his international research team that diamonds can be stretched by 9 percent without breaking.
Researchers at Aalto University and Cambridge University have made a significant breakthrough in computational science by combining atomic-level modelling and machine learning. For the first time, the method has been used to realistically model how an amorphous material is formed at the atomic level: that is, a material that does not have a regular crystalline structure. The approach is expected to have impact on the research of many other materials.
Physicists at the University of Warwick have published new research in the journal Science April 19, 2018, (via the Journal's First Release pages) that could literally squeeze more power out of solar cells by physically deforming each of the crystals in the semiconductors used by photovoltaic cells.