Scientists from Western University and the University of Portsmouth are using new imaging techniques to measure the atomic nanostructure of ancient crystal fragments at meteorite impact sites. The end goal? To understand when impacts ended and life began.
MIT engineers have uncovered the secret to the exceptional toughness of conch shells, and say the same principles can be used for body armor and helmets.
Melanoma is a particularly difficult cancer to treat once it has metastasized, spreading throughout the body. University of Illinois researchers are using chemistry to find the deadly, elusive malignant cells within a melanoma tumor that hold the potential to spread. Once found, the stemlike metastatic cells can be cultured and screened for their response to a variety of anti-cancer drugs, providing the patient with an individualized treatment plan based on their own cells.
A large new study based on Medicaid data identifies a clear trend of people staying on their HIV medications longer than they used to.
Newly discovered notes show for the first time the Venetian doctor who invented the thermometer and helped lay the foundations for modern medical treatment also played a key role in shaping our understanding of chemistry.
The world's highest gain high power laser amplifier -- by many orders of magnitude -- has been developed in research led at the University of Strathclyde.
A new oxygen-deficient titanium dioxide prepared with Mg reduction method drastically improves the carbon dioxide conversion efficiency up to three times the efficiency of existing photocatalyst. It is expected to be applied for carbon dioxide resources and reduction technology.
Chemists at the Centre for Electrochemical Sciences at Ruhr-Universität Bochum have developed a catalyst with self-healing properties. Under the challenging conditions of water electrolysis for hydrogen production, the catalyst material regenerates itself, as long as the components required for this are present in the electrolyte solution.
Nagoya University team develops ruthenium catalysts to hydrogenate inert amide bonds under mild conditions. Molecular design of the catalyst framework promotes a key step of the reaction, the transfer of hydrogen to the amide, to greatly improve reactivity. This new low-energy approach may enable designer peptide synthesis and facilitate break down of plastic waste into more useful compounds.
Study takes step toward mass-producible quantum computers.