An antibiotic candidate compound shelved in the 1970s in favour of more worthwhile drugs could be worth a second look, new research has found.
When communities and police work together to deter urban violence, they can achieve better outcomes with fewer resources than when each works in isolation, a simulation model created by researchers at the UC Davis Violence Prevention Research Program, Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the University at Albany has found.
Drug discovery could be significantly accelerated thanks to a new high precision machine-learning model, developed by an international collaboration of researchers, including the University of Warwick.
In a paper in Nature Scientific Reports, researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) show how optical tweezers, which use beams of light to grip and manipulate tiny objects, including cells, can be miniaturized, opening the door to creating devices small enough to be inserted into the bloodstream to trap individual cancer cells and diagnose cancer in its earliest stages. The researchers replaced bulky lenses with optical fibers to make the device smaller and more portable.
ESMO, the leading professional organization for medical oncology, published a position paper on supportive and palliative care in its leading scientific journal, Annals of Oncology today.
Results of the study indicate a benefit for all young colon cancer patients to undergo genetic testing. But with than half of them exhibiting no family history, will insurers cover the tests?
Did you lock the front door? Did you double-check? Are you sure? If this sounds familiar, perhaps you can relate to people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Help may be on the way. New Concordia research sheds light on how the fear of losing control over thoughts and actions impacts OCD-related behavior, including checking.
New research by academics at the University of East Anglia suggests that NHS Trusts in England could save more than £200 million a year by managing staff well. The report, published today by the What Works Centre for Wellbeing, found Trusts that made the most extensive use of good people management practices were over three times more likely to have the lowest levels of staff sickness absence and at least four times more likely to have the most satisfied patients.
Playing an adventure video game featuring a fictitious, young emergency physician treating severe trauma patients was better than text-based learning at priming real doctors to quickly recognize the patients who needed higher levels of care, according to a new trial. The game tackles the annual problem of 30,000 preventable deaths occurring after injury, in part because severely injured patients aren't promptly transferred to trauma centers.
A KAIST research team of Professor Hyun Gyu Park at Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering developed a new technology to detect the activity of RNase H, a RNA degrading enzyme. The team used highly efficient signal amplification reaction termed catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) to effectively analyze the RNase H activity. Considering that RNase H is required in the proliferation of retroviruses such as HIV, this research finding could contribute to AIDS treatments in the future, researchers say.