Private prisons play a political role in immigration and incarceration issues in the United States and the industry may face obstacles as well as opportunities in the current political landscape, a new paper from an Oregon State University researcher suggests.
When you think of national parks, you might picture the vast plateaus of the Grand Canyon, the intricate wetlands of the Everglades, or the inspiring viewscapes of the Grand Tetons. You probably don't envision 100 million pounds of mashed water bottles, barbecue-smudged paper plates, and crumpled coffee cups -- but that is the staggering quantity of garbage that is generated in our National Parks each year. And handling that amount of waste is becoming a huge problem.
A new study sought to determine how the nature of visits to emergency departments (EDs) changed for previously uninsured patients who gained Medicaid insurance expansion under the ACA and who went to the ED at least once before and once after expansion. The study found that compared with patients who remained uninsured in states where Medicaid was not expanded, these patients shifted their use of the ED toward conditions that required subsequent hospitalization and for illnesses that were not easily avoided by outpatient care.
A shortage of high school physics teachers has led to teachers with little-to-no training taking over physics classrooms, reports show. This has led to additional stress and job dissatisfaction for those teachers -- and a difficult learning experience for their students. But new research indicates that focused physics professional development for teachers -- even those who have no prior physics training--can lead to better experiences for both students and teachers, and can improve students' understanding of physics concepts.
Implemented in 2005, the lung allocation score is used to prioritize patients awaiting lung transplants in the US. Sicker transplant candidates have a higher calculated score and are placed at the top of the list. But a recent study led by Maryam Valapour, M.D., MPP, director of Lung Transplant Outcomes in Cleveland Clinic's Respiratory Institute, found including new clinical variables helped to better identify the sickest cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients awaiting transplants.
Universal college admission testing in the state of Virginia could increase the number of high school graduates with test scores competitive for admission at universities in the state by as much as 40 percent -- and at the most selective institutions, nearly 20 percent -- with larger increases for low-income students.
New research discovers employees who view pornography aren't just costing companies millions of dollars in wasted time, they're causing harm to the company.
State policies requiring children to attend additional years of school may result in a reduced risk for heart disease and improvements in several cardiovascular risk factors in adulthood, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco and Stanford University.
Shortening the length of rotations in a medical intensive care unit (MICU) from the traditional 14-consecutive day schedule to only seven days helps mitigate burnout among critical care physicians, according to a new Penn Medicine pilot study. The study, published today in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, is the first to validate the efficacy of a truncated rotation in reducing the rate of burnout among critical care physicians.
Researchers have developed a urine test for prostate cancer which shows who needs treatment and when. The test diagnoses aggressive prostate cancer and predicts whether patients require treatment up to five years earlier than standard clinical methods. It also identifies men who are up to eight times less likely to need treatment within five years of diagnosis. Researchers hope it could help men avoid an unnecessary initial biopsy and repeated invasive follow-ups for 'low risk' patients.