Weeds often emerge at the same time as vulnerable crop seedlings and sneak between plants as crops grow. How do farmers kill them without harming the crops themselves? In a new University of Illinois study, researchers identify genes and metabolic pathways responsible for safener efficacy in grain sorghum.
Rice University scientists build a model to predict how long, on average, it takes to eradicate a bacterial infection with antibiotics. The model could help doctors fight resistance by prescribing antibiotics that neither over- or under-dose a patient.
Common medications prescribed to treat heartburn, acid reflux and ulcers are linked to increased risks for kidney failure and chronic kidney disease, found a recent University at Buffalo study.
Most nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic interventions are more likely than no treatment to improve outcomes for women with either stress or urgency urinary incontinence (UI). Behavioral therapy, alone or in combination with other interventions, was found to be generally more effective than pharmacologic therapies alone. Findings from a systematic evidence review and network meta-analysis of clinical outcomes of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic interventions for UI are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
For the first time, scientists have identified compounds found in coffee which may inhibit the growth of prostate cancer. This is a pilot study, carried out on drug-resistant cancer cells in cell culture and in a mouse model; it has not yet been tested in humans. This work is presented at the European Association of Urology congress in Barcelona, after publication in the peer-reviewed journal The Prostate.
Harvard Medical School investigators have developed a machine learning approach using high-quality, large-scale animal model data that sheds new light on the biology of the liver and kidneys after toxin exposure.
Using roundworms, one of Earth's simplest animals, Rice University bioscientists have found the first direct link between a diet containing too little vitamin B12 and an increased risk of infection by two potentially deadly pathogens.
A series of in vitro toxicology tests provide evidence that British American Tobacco's novel vaping product produces greatly reduced mutagenicity, cytotoxicity and effects on wound healing as compared to cigarette smoke.
The UK's wild newt populations seem to be free from a flesh-eating lethal fungus known to be prevalent in privately-owned amphibians across Western Europe, a nationwide investigation has found.
The French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) has published a comprehensive report on hazardous substances in disposable panty diapers on Jan. 23, 2019, entitled 'Sécurité des couches pour bébé.' Here, the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) evaluated the results of this report. However, a complete and conclusive assessment is currently impossible, as important detailed information of technical nature is not available to the BfR.