Inflammation in the body has been linked to the intensity of tobacco smoking among people with HIV, according to a team of University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers.
Synthetically created melanin can be used as a toxin adsorbent when applied to fabric. New material protected fabric from nerve gas penetration. Examples in nature lead researchers to believe these materials "exist out there".
The drug buprenorphine is an effective treatment for opioid use disorder, but many who misuse opioids also take benzodiazepines -- drugs that treat anxiety and similar conditions. Many treatment centers hesitate to treat patients addicted to opioids who also take benzodiazepines. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis studied overdose risk in people taking buprenorphine and found that the drug lowered risk, even in people taking benzodiazepines.
Health impacts from a 2010 spill are found even in dolphins born years later.
Pesticides used in forestry may threaten species in downstream rivers and estuaries, but little is known about the extent to which this occurs. A new study by researchers at Portland State University found mussels, clams and oysters in watersheds along the Oregon Coast are exposed to pesticides used in managing forests. The results of this study, published in the journal Toxics, have implications for developing better forest management practices that are less likely to negatively affect aquatic life.
The agricultural cultivation of the staple food of rice harbours the risk of possible contamination with arsenic that can reach the grains following uptake by the roots. A Chinese-German research team of Heidelberg University and Nanjing Agricultural University studied over 4,000 rice variants and discovered a plant that resists the toxin as well as contains a large amount of the trace element selenium.
Initial management with inhaled methoxyflurane in the emergency department did not achieve the prespecified substantial reduction in pain, but was associated with clinically significant lower pain scores compared to standard therapy.
New paper published in Psychopharmacology by researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch shows frustration is additional factor that can lead to addiction escalation.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC or Δ-THC) is a psychoactive cannabinoid that can be found in hemp-containing foods. Above a certain intake, the substance can have undesirable health consequences, such as mood swings and fatigue.
An insecticide used to control pest infestations on squash and pumpkins significantly hinders the reproduction of ground-nesting bees -- valuable pollinators for many food crops, new research has revealed.