Even if fatality rates are at the lower end of expectations -- one percent of virus victims -- it is highly likely that death and bereavement services will be overwhelmed, according to newly-published research by Dr Julia Meaton, Dr Anna Williams and researcher Helen-Marie Kruger.
The Japanese population has long been thought of as genetically homogeneous as a result of limited population mixing. However, an international research team led by Osaka University used novel machine-learning techniques to identify subtle genetic differences within the Japanese population. Regionality was identified among the sub-populations, reflecting the linguistic and cultural differences between regions in Japan. These minute genomic differences were shown to impact genetic prediction of human disease, with implications for personalized medicine.
Common noctules -- one of the largest bat species native to Germany -- are searching for their fellows during their hunt for insects above farmland. Scientists from the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (Leibniz-IZW) show in a paper published in the journal Oikos that bats forage on their own in insect-rich forests, but hunt collectively in groups over insect-poor farmland.
A slender little fish called the sand lance plays a big role as 'a quintessential forage fish' for puffins, terns and other seabirds, humpback whales and other marine mammals, and even bigger fish such as Atlantic sturgeon, cod and bluefin tuna in the Gulf of Maine and northwest Atlantic Ocean. But scientists say right now they know far too little about its biology and populations to inform 'relevant management, climate adaptation and conservation efforts.'
Smaug, the deadly dragon in J.R.R Tolkien's 'The Hobbit,' has a newly discovered living relative. With dense, alligator-like armor, this small, real-life dragon lizard, Smaug swazicus, is a rock-crevice recluse confined to mountaintops in southern Africa.
Longer lives are not only for female humans: Mammalian female's average lifespan is 18.6% longer than that of males. In humans the female advantage is on average 7.8%.
Analysis of human mobility and epidemiological data by a global consortium of researchers, led by the University of Oxford and Northeastern University, shows that human mobility was predictive of the spread of the epidemic in China.
Having bigger brains isn't the only strategy for success for birds adapting to urban habitats. Smaller-brained birds, like pigeons, thrive by reproducing more often. This prioritizes their future reproductive success over their present survival. These two distinct strategies represent ways of thriving within urban environments, and unsurprisingly, both strategies are less common in natural environments. Understanding which birds do well in cities, and which cannot tolerate these environments, is important for conservation efforts.
A new study reveals that plants and animals are remarkably similar in their responses to changing environmental conditions across the globe, which may help explain how they are distributed today and how they will respond to climate change in the future.
An international team of scientists found that, like humans, female wild animals tend to live longer than males.