UCLA scientists have identified specific gut bacteria that play an essential role in the anti-seizure effects of the ketogenic diet -- research published today in the journal Cell. The study is the first to establish a causal link between seizure susceptibility and the gut microbiota -- the 100-trillion-or-so bacteria and other microbes that reside in our intestines.
In a study published online in Nature Communications, a team of researchers, led by OHSU's Jae W. Lee, Ph.D., has demonstrated that two neurons key to growth and metabolism -- GHRH and AgRP -- are developmentally interconnected. This finding may help to explain why a mother's nutrition habits and metabolism directly impact the growth of her child.
People looking to manage their weight with strength-training and protein supplements should consume their supplements during a meal, according to a research review by nutrition experts at Purdue University.
Researchers at Children's Hospital Colorado and the University of Colorado School of Medicine have found that taking a specially formulated antioxidant-enriched multivitamin may decrease respiratory illnesses in people with cystic fibrosis.
When George Brooks at UC Berkeley first began investigating lactate, or lactic acid, sports physiologists saw it as a muscle poison that lowered performance. His research over decades has reversed that picture, showing that it is the body's way of revving up for exercise or to fight disease. Clinicians are now planning clinical trials to use lactate to treat traumatic brain injury and a host of illnesses, including heart attacks, inflammation and swelling.
It's known that men benefit from whey protein supplements and exercise, and for what is believed to be the first time, the same can be said for women, according to a large study review by Purdue University nutrition experts.
Ambient music played in restaurants plays a major role in whether you order a healthy or unhealthy meal.
One of the largest studies to date on nuts and diabetes was published today in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD). The study shows that approximately two ounces of nuts a day, as a replacement for carbohydrate foods, can improve glycemic control and blood lipids in those with type 2 diabetes.
Higher levels of carbon dioxide will result in major reductions in the nutritional quality of rice -- a food staple for half the world's population, a new study finds. It was based on research in China and Japan on 18 common strains of rice. The study reports declines in protein, iron and zinc in rice grown in controlled atmospheric CO2 concentrations that scientists think will exist by the end of the 21st century.
An investigational new drug offers hope of relief for celiac disease patients who are inadvertently exposed to gluten while on a gluten-free diet. Findings of the first phase 2 study of a biologic immune modulator in celiac disease will be presented at the upcoming Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2018. Inadvertent exposure to gluten can be a frequent occurrence for celiac patients that triggers symptoms, such as pain in the gut and diarrhea, due to intestinal damage.