Researchers have traced the remaining last steps of the biological pathway that gives oats resistance to the deadly crop disease take-all.
A new gene-editing technique can be used to correct mutations in muscle stem cells, paving the way for the first potential cell therapy for genetic muscle disorders. The ECRC team led by Professor Simone Spuler have published their findings in the journal JCI Insight.
The Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) - Australia's national biodiversity database - uses cutting-edge digital tools to let people share, access and analyse data about local plants, animals and fungi, as well as environmental data like rainfall and temperature. All data are publicly available - ALA was established on open-access and open-source principles. A new forum paper published in the open-access, peer-reviewed Biodiversity Data Journal details ALA's background, current state and future directions.
In a new study published in the Phytobiomes Journal, "Influence of plant host and organ, management strategy, and spore traits on microbiome composition," Dr. Frances Trail and her research group are interested in three factors that might attribute to microbial assemblage: the age of the plant, the organ or tissue type, and the management strategy. They followed a 3-year crop rotation that included corn, wheat, and soybean planted in a single field.
Costing anywhere from 15 to 70 dollars per mushroom depending on the quality, matsutake mushrooms are some of the most valuable edible fungi in the world. Revered for their delicate scent, matsutake mushrooms are cooked in rice or soups as an Autumn celebration delicacy in Japan. However, there is no way to cultivate matsutake mushrooms and naturally occurring habitats are decreasing with fewer forests conducive to their growth with the changing climate.
The extent to which the composition of the microbiome of apples and oil pumpkins depends on the geographical location and what insights can be derived from this for breeding, health and shelf life of the fruits is shown in two recent publications by researchers at TU Graz.
Researchers have genetically engineered a probiotic yeast to produce beta-carotene in the guts of laboratory mice. The advance demonstrates the utility of work the researchers have done to detail how a suite of genetic engineering tools can be used to modify the yeast.
Even healthy adults harbour a diverse fungal environment in their lungs, as shown in a new study from researchers at the University of Bergen, Norway (UiB) published in PLOS ONE. The prevalence and severity of fungal infections have increased in recent years, and the Norwegian scientists have been examining fungi in both healthy and people with lung diseases
Symbiotic relationships between plants and soil microbes could yield new methods for enriching soil and improving crop yields. Researchers have discovered that fungi living symbiotically with most land plants have a bacterial "microbiome" that may help the fungi access soil nutrients and share them with their host plants. Identifying the specific beneficial bacteria and how the fungi attract them could lead to cost-effective and eco-friendly alternatives to conventional fertilizers.
Tomatoes are an important and popular crop, but the tasty ketchup, salsa and pasta sauce they yield comes at a price: overuse of chemical fertilizers. Now, researchers report in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry they have recruited a fungus to bolster fertilizer efficiency, meaning tastier tomatoes can be grown with less fertilizer.