What misdeeds warrant corporate death penalties? A new study explores two case studies focused on industries that kill more people than they employ. The study lays out the rationale for establishing an actionable threshold and offers insights into solutions. Using case studies in coal and tobacco, it calculates the number of deaths attributed to the coal and tobacco industries and finds surprising results.
Forest fires are more harmful than previously imagined, causing stunted growth in children who were exposed to smoke while in the womb, according to new research from Duke University and the National University of Singapore.
Significantly less than two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times -- this is the temperature to which global warming should be limited, according to the Paris Climate Agreement. In a current study, a research team from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the University of Edinburgh shows that previous efforts to reduce greenhouse gases through human land use are insufficient.
A group of researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid has recently developed a new software aimed at the analysis of energy generation systems based on kites and drones. In a recently published scientific article, they used the software to study the behavior of these systems while transforming the kinetic energy of the wind into useful electrical energy.
Laboratory experiment to indicate how invasive species are to spread new areas.
A new study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill reports that protecting coral reefs from fishing and pollution does not help coral populations cope with climate change. The study also concludes that ocean warming is the primary cause of the global decline of reef-building corals and that the only effective solution is to immediately and drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
EASAC released publications in 2018 that urged policy-makers to take immediate action on CO2 mitigation including using Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) to offset large CO2 emitters. EASAC notes that technologies and techniques for carbon dioxide removal ('negative emission technologies') will need to take on increased importance in the EU's climate change strategy this year and in the near future. CCS will be critical to this task.
In a first-of-its-kind study from the Oxford Martin School, the climate-change impact of several production methods for lab-grown and farmed beef was assessed accounting for the differing greenhouse gases produced. The new projections reveal that over the long term, cultured meat production methods requiring large energy inputs could increase global warming more than some types of cattle farming if energy systems remain dependent on fossil fuels.
By studying the logbooks of fishing boats, Princeton postdoctoral research scholar Talia Young and colleagues found that some fishing boats travel more than 250 miles to catch the fish that used to be in local waters. In response, Young began investigating how local community supported fishery programs -- like farm shares for fish -- can affect fishing communities. That resulted in the creation of Fishadelphia, a CSF based in a South Philadelphia charter school.
Men and women value, access and use resources from the natural environment in distinct and different ways, a new study has shown.