Graphene Flagship researchers reach the ultimate level of light confinement -- the space of one atom. This will pave the way to ultra-small optical switches, detectors and sensors.
Researchers of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) within the framework of the Project 5-100 developed a unique method of immune diseases diagnosing before the symptoms appear. Scientists proposed a laser-correlation spectroscopic technique (also called dynamic light scattering) for studying the immune response in body fluids, for example, in saliva.
Antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs), produced by polar fishes, are known as the inhibitor of ice growing while its mechanism has remained a mystery. Using molecular simulations, scientists have identified a unique molecular binding mechanism that helps keep non-mammalian creatures in sub-zero temperatures from freezing. The finding has potential future applications for better preserving food and biological tissue under extreme temperatures.
Engineers at the US Army Research Laboratory and the University of Maryland have developed a technique that causes a composite material to become stiffer and stronger on-demand when exposed to ultraviolet light.
Army scientists, with a team of researchers from the University of Maryland and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, have created a water-based zinc battery that is simultaneously powerful, rechargeable and intrinsically safe.
In an attosecond study of the H2 molecule physicists at ETH Zurich found that for light atomic nuclei -- as contained in most organic and biological molecules -- the correlation between electronic and nuclear motions cannot be ignored.
Researchers observe and measure a Bloch-Siegert shift in strongly coupled light and matter in a vacuum. The Rice University-led project could aid in the development of quantum computers.
NUST MISIS scientists have finally found out why a material that could potentially become the basis for ultra-fast memory in new computers is formed. Professor Petr Karpov and Serguei Brazovskii, both researchers at NUST MISIS, have managed to develop a theory which explains the mechanism of the latent state formation in layered tantalum disulfide, one of the most promising materials for modern microelectronics.
Blend two or three metals together and you get an alloy that usually looks and acts like a metal, with its atoms arranged in rigid geometric patterns. But once in a while, under just the right conditions, you get something entirely new: a futuristic alloy called metallic glass. Now new research reports a shortcut for discovering and improving metallic glass -- and, by extension, other elusive materials -- at a fraction of the time and cost.
An experimental approach to visualize structures of organic molecules with exceptional resolution is reported by physicists and chemists from the University of Münster, Germany. The study is published in the scientific journal "Nature Nanotechnology".