Fishing powered the mighty Calusa, who ruled South Florida for centuries. Now, a new study shows how sophisticatedly engineered 'watercourts' served as holding pens for live fish, sustaining Calusa population growth and large-scale construction projects.
A new study led by the University of Kent has found evidence that human ancestors as recent as two million years ago may have regularly climbed trees.
New Cornell University research is producing a more accurate historical timeline for the occupation of Native American sites in upstate New York, based on radiocarbon dating of organic materials and statistical modeling.
Hundreds of Aboriginal men who became native mounted police in colonial Australia carried a significant burden of responsibility for law and order for white settlers in Queensland and other settlements. A long-running ARC-funded archaeology project has turned the lens on the recruitment to the Queensland Native Mounted Police and their part in the violent 'frontier wars' - which created long-term traumatic impacts on the lives of the Indigenous people involved.
A symbol of life, ancient sundial or just firewood? Tree-ring scientists trace the origin of a tree log unearthed almost a century ago.
High-resolution micro-CT scanning of the skull of the fossil specimen known as 'Little Foot' has revealed some aspects of how this Australopithecus species used to live more than 3 million years ago.
Mysterious bone circles made from the remains of dozens of mammoths have revealed clues about how ancient communities survived Europe's ice age.
The growth of agriculture led to unprecedented cooperation in human societies, a team of researchers, has found, but it also led to a spike in violence, an insight that offers lessons for the present.
The Transatlantic Slave Trade transported more than 9 million Africans to the Americas between the early 16th to mid-19th centuries. To help reconstruct the past complex geographical and geopolitical history of the Slave Trade, an international research team has performed a genome-wide analysis using 6,267 individuals from 22 populations to infer how different African groups contributed to today's North- and South-American and Caribbean populations.
Parker VanValkenburgh, an assistant professor of anthropology, curated a journal issue that explores the opportunities and challenges big data could bring to the field of archaeology.