Autonomous vehicles relying on light-based image sensors often struggle to see through blinding conditions, such as fog. But MIT researchers have developed a sub-terahertz-radiation receiving system that could help steer driverless cars when traditional methods fail.
A layer of red phosphorus in rechargeable lithium metal batteries can signal when damaging dendrites threaten to create a short circuit. The strategy, which does not require a third electrode, could help bring more powerful lithium metal batteries to market.
An interdisciplinary team of researchers at NRL and the Air Force Research Laboratory have developed a way to directly write quantum light sources, which emit a single photon of light at a time, into monolayer semiconductors.
Blockchain -- the technology behind the secure transactions of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin -- can make it easier for researchers to conduct transparent meta-analyses in social science research where reproducibility is a growing concern.
The study, published in Science Robotics, is a collaboration between The BioRobotics Institute (Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy) and the Australian Centre for Robotic Vision (Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia).
Texas A&M University researchers are developing a new kind of flame-retardant coating using renewable, nontoxic materials readily found in nature, which could provide even more effective fire protection for several widely used materials
Dartmouth researchers have developed and evaluated a machine learning approach of using patient core needle biopsy data to identify the risk that atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) breast lesions may upgrade to cancer. This knowledge can potentially help clinicians and low-risk patients decide whether active surveillance and hormonal therapy is a reasonable management approach. Using the method could spare patients with benign lesions from invasive surgeries while maintaining high sensitivity for predicting malignant lesions.
Droplets emanating from a molecular 'nano-tap' would behave very differently from those from a household tap 1 million times larger -- researchers at the University of Warwick have found. This is potentially crucial step for a number of emerging nano technologies, e.g., manufacture of nano-sized drug particles, lab-on-chip devices for in situ diagnostics, and 3D printers capable of nanoscale resolution.
Engineers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering are using nanotechnology to weld the alloy, known as AA 7075, which has been almost impossible to weld together using the technique commonly used to assemble body panels or engine parts.
A team of researchers at Osaka University demonstrated that cracks induced in composites consisting of alumina ceramics and titanium could be healed at room temperature, a world-first. This ceramic healing method permits crack-healing even in a state in which a device is mounted on a ceramic package at a low cost and without using complicated heat treatment processes that require significant amounts of energy.