Neuroscientists from the University of Chicago have developed a computer model that can simulate the response of nerves in the hand to any pattern of touch stimulation on the skin. The tool reconstructs the response of more than 12,500 nerve fibers with millisecond precision, taking into account the mechanics of the skin as it presses up against and moves across objects.
Cancer tumours manipulate a natural cell process to promote their survival suggesting that controlling this mechanism could stop progress of the disease, according to new research led by the University of Oxford.
Researchers at MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital have developed a new system that can efficiently search through hundreds of hours of video for events and visual features that correspond to a few training examples. In work they presented at the International Conference on Robotics and Automation this month, the researchers trained their system to recognize different stages of an operation, such as biopsy, tissue removal, stapling, and wound cleansing.
Researchers at Numenta have introduced two contributions to the field of anomaly detection for streaming applications. The first is a novel unsupervised anomaly detection technique based on a theory of how the brain works. The second is a benchmark that provides a controlled open-source environment for testing anomaly detection algorithms on streaming data. These contributions appear in a new peer-reviewed paper, Unsupervised real-time anomaly detection for streaming data, published in a special issue of Neurocomputing.
The Office of Naval Research's (ONR) TechSolutions program has sponsored the development of the Deployable Ship Integration Multitouch System -- DSIMS, for short -- to make the jobs of aircraft handlers easier.
A research team led by Professor Hoi-Jun Yoo of the Department of Electrical Engineering has developed a semiconductor chip, CNNP (CNN Processor), that runs AI algorithms with ultra-low power, and K-Eye, a face recognition system using CNNP.
Scientists of Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University proposed a new channel coding method for the fifth generation of wireless systems (5G). Researchers generalized the construction of polar codes proposed by Turkish scientist Erdal Arikan and obtained polar subcodes.
Researchers at the University of Bradford have developed a method of aging facial images that could enhance the search for long-term missing people worldwide.
Imagine walking along a beach on a lovely day. As you turn to continue along the coast path feeling calm and relaxed you suddenly hear your dentist say 'Fine, all done, you can take the headset off now'. For patients at one dental practice in Devon, England, such Virtual Reality encounters are resulting in demonstrably better experiences in the dentist's chair.
Scientists from the University of Rhode Island, Florida Atlantic University, USA, and Wuhan University, China, teamed up to find a way to optimize wind power for use, even when it's not blowing. To tackle the problem of reliability and consistency in wind power, the researchers proposed a day-ahead economic dispatch model for wind-integrated power systems. It's an algorithm designed to consider both the next day's planned energy use along with real-time energy use.