A study by The University of Texas at Austin has quantified the amount of water flowing in major Texas rivers during heavy rains and found that there is enough room in coastal aquifers to store most of it. This discovery means that capturing and storing water could be a feasible option for partially mitigating floods and droughts, which are both expected to increase in frequency and intensity as the climate changes.
As more rain falls on a warming planet, a new computer model shows that it may not take a downpour to cause widespread disruption of road networks. The model combined data on road networks with the hills and valleys of topography to reveal 'tipping points' at which even small localized increases in rain cause widespread road outages.
The Department of Civil Engineering, led by Prof. Terumi Touhei, at Tokyo University of Science has developed a novel mathematical method for reconstruction/imaging of the complex distribution of point-like scatterers using a sensor grid with a small network. This method can potentially be used to improve the efficiency of tomography in underground geophysical studies, nondestructive physical testing, or even human body imaging.
Researchers have developed a new methodology for building computer models that paves the way to better understanding the flood risks faced by coastal communities.
In a new study now published in Science Advances an international team of scientists reports on a successful attempt to control induced seismicity during the deepest-ever hydraulic stimulation of a geothermal well in Helsinki, Finland. In a collaborative effort, researchers from commercial companies, academic institutions and universities, designed and successfully applied a safe stimulation strategy preventing the occurrence of a project-stopping induced earthquake with a magnitude larger than 2.
A Michigan Tech engineer has created a method to fill in the gaps of available connected vehicle data, which will give transportation planners a more accurate picture of traffic in their cities. It is also a more cost-effective data gathering system than what is currently available.
Using ground motions generated for a range of simulated magnitude 9 earthquakes in the Pacific Northwest, researchers are testing how well reinforced concrete walls might stand up under such seismic events.
Polymers that change their appearance in response to mechanical forces can warn of damage developing in a material before the stress causes structural failure. Researchers now report in ACS Central Science that they've developed a first-of-its-kind elastic polymer blend that displays white fluorescence when deformed and then goes dark after relaxing back to its original shape.
University of Sydney researchers have developed a model that can predict salmonella outbreaks several months in advance, and its results come as a warning ahead of the Easter long weekend.
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have created a new type of origami that can morph from one pattern into a different one, or even a hybrid of two patterns, instantly altering many of its structural characteristics.