Applying machine learning to a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency initiative, Stanford researchers reveal how key design elements determine what communities bear the burden of pollution. The approach could help ensure fairness and accountability in machine learning used by government regulators.
A Boston violence intervention advocacy program is effectively engaging the client population that hospital-based violence intervention programs (HVIPs) have been designed to support.
An independent analysis of the medical trials which formed the final basis of approval by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) strongly suggests the drug bremelanotide has very limited effectiveness as a treatment for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in women, and that trial participants preferred a placebo.
Research using a nationally representative sample of more than 12,000 participants shows the collateral consequences victims are likely to confront following unfair treatment by police. Those who are unjustly stopped, searched or questioned by law enforcement will likely experience a range of detrimental outcomes associated with the encounter, including depression, suicidal thoughts, drug use, and a loss of self-efficacy, according to the results.
Researchers at HKU analyzed trends in global legal wildlife trade from 1997 to 2016 and revealed that legal wildlife trade averaged $220 billion per year over this period. Despite its scale, 34% of trade is declared using overly broad codes that only specify taxonomic class and above. The research team suggests that the Harmonized System Code be distilled to increase traceability and help monitor trade. The paper was published in Global Ecology and Conservation.
For Black girls in the juvenile justice system, attention from a caregiver might amount to too much of a bad thing, a recent study suggests.
European Union law rules that Member States must provide fair and appropriate compensation for victims of sexual offences. In some countries, few victims receive any financial compensation, or often the amount received is very low. According to figures from the Spanish Government's Ministry of Finance, obtained by professor of Criminal Law at the UOC, Josep M. Tamarit, between 1998 and 2018 in Spain some 1,356 applications for public compensation were made, of which 272 were favourably settled.
New research from UBC finds that higher life satisfaction is associated with better physical, psychological and behavioural health.
Proof of immunization against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may soon be required in many parts of the globe. The authors discuss how immunization passports could work, what Canada needs to do, and potential barriers and limitations in a CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) commentary www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.210244.
In a report published in California Law Review, Professor Valarie Blake and students Ashley Stephens and Amy Post examined whether gender identity and sexual orientation should be included in healthcare sex discrimination laws, on the heels of the historic 2020 Supreme Court case Bostock v. Clayton County.