Women academics are less likely than men to comment on published research, limiting scholarly debate, a new study co-authored by York University sociologist Professor Cary Wu, shows. According to the study, women are also relatively less likely to comment on their male counterparts, published research. Wu and his co-authors reviewed comments in two major scientific journals for this study.
A discovery by a team of researchers led by UMass Lowell nuclear physicists could change how atoms are understood by scientists and help explain extreme phenomena in outer space.
When discussions occur face-to-face, people know where their conversational partner is looking and vice versa. With "virtual" communication due to COVID-19 and the expansive use of mobile and video devices, now more than ever, it's important to understand how these technologies impact communication. Where do people focus their attention? The eyes, mouth, the whole face? And how do they encode conversation? A first-of-its-kind study set out to determine whether being observed affects people's behavior during online communication.
A new literature review from scientists at George Washington University and the National Institute of Standards and Technology suggests that nutrition and diet have a profound impact on the microbial composition of the gut.
Researchers at the George Washington University published a new knowledgebase and web portal, OncoMX, which will improve the exploration and research of cancer biomarkers in the context of related evidence.
Two complications have emerged as top priorities for spinal cord injury researchers -- neurogenic bowel and neurogenic bladder. Researchers have developed a framework for planning and executing the necessary research and established recommendations for translating findings into practical recommendations for community use by individuals with spinal cord injury.
Researchers from Osaka University and the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology have cultured epithelial-like cancer cells on an artificial substrate and observed their collaborative self-organization into network structures that may function as nutritional conduits and provide vascular access. Understanding of the parameters that govern this coordinated behavior, including the various forces responsible, may explain tumor growth and metastasis, thus providing a basis for developing new anticancer drugs.
Five social scientists holed up in an Amsterdam hotel for a week with the goal of reaching a scientific consensus on how people form stereotypes. They emerged with a joint theory paper, which they published as a how-to guide March 9 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
In recent years, criticism has been levelled at economics for being insular and unconcerned about real-world problems. But a new study led by MIT scholars finds that the field increasingly overlaps with the work of other disciplines, and, in a related development, has become more empirical and data-driven, while producing less work of pure theory.
A team of researchers from Indiana University School of Medicine, in collaboration with the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, have investigated how boosting energy levels within damaged nerve fibers or axons may represent a novel therapeutic direction for axonal regeneration and functional recovery.