A University of Maine-led group of researchers developed Power Theory, a model emphasizing the role of demography in political centralization, and applied it to the shift in power dynamics in prehistoric northern coastal societies in Peru. To test the theory, the team created a summed probability distribution (SPD) from 755 radiocarbon dates from 10,000-1,000 B.P. Researchers found a correlation between the tenets of Power Theory and power structure changes in early Peruvian societies.
An international study titled: To Lockdown and back: young people's lived experience of the COVID-19 pandemic says young people's perspectives on COVID-19 recovery is being overshadowed by negative 'victim or villain' narratives.
The proportion of users employing Tor for nefarious purposes clustered unevenly, however, with a higher prevalence in liberal democratic countries than in countries lacking freedom, the researchers found.
An NTU Singapore study has found that one in three Singaporeans who said they were aware of deepfakes believe they have circulated deepfake content on social media which they later found out was a hoax. When compared to a similar demographic in the United States, the study found that those in the US were more aware of deepfakes. More reported sharing content that they later learnt was a deepfake in the US than in Singapore.
Xenophobia in Germany has decreased, but right-wing extremist attitudes remain high. There is also evidence of "radicalisation and disinhibition among those with far-right views". These are key findings of the representative Leipzig Authoritarianism Study. Professors Oliver Decker and Elmar Brähler from the Competence Centre for Right-Wing Extremism and Democracy Research at Leipzig University presented the study results today (18 November) at the Federal Press Conference (BPK) in Berlin.
Scientists at the Complexity Science Hub Vienna show that the accelerating fragmentation of society - often referred to as filter bubbles -- is a direct consequence of the growing number of social contacts. According to their new theory of social fragmentation, societies can only be either cohesive or fragmented, with abrupt changes from one state to the other at certain tipping points. Filter bubble societies are a risk for democracies.
Researchers at UPF and at the Catholic University of Leuven have studied the different motivations and ways whereby the US intervenes in other countries to promote democracy, such as foreign aid, economic sanctions and military intervention.
A social scientist at Brown is calling on research institutions, leading scientific journals and national professional associations to establish new ethical standards that protect human subjects from emotional, financial and political manipulation.
Crossing international borders can be dangerous, if not deadly, for refugees and asylum seekers, who have been displaced by conflict or a humanitarian crisis. According to data from the International Organization for Migration, from January 2014 to December 2018, there were more than 16,300 forced migrant deaths. These deaths did not occur at random but occurred in clusters reflecting distinct patterns in space and time that can be addressed by humanitarian interventions, according to a Dartmouth-led research team.
Households need financial support if Covid-19 restrictions are to be successful in Malawi. Furthermore, the authorities issuing the restrictions have an additional bearing on their enforceability. These are findings from a new study examining the relationship between authorities and civil compliance in one of the world's poorest countries.