First study of burglars committing crime in virtual reality could change the way we protect our homes from burglars.
Roland Benoit and Philipp Paulus together with Daniel Schacter from Harvard University have examined the question, how neutral places suddenly become valuable to us, in a study published in the journal Nature Communications.
Brazilian researchers combined cognitive dysfunction tests with an analysis of drug use patterns to identify patients at high risk of relapse after treatment.
Working memory is your ability to hold things 'in mind.' It acts as a workspace in which information can be held, manipulated, and used to guide behavior. It plays a critical role in cognition, decoupling behavior from the immediate sensory world. One remarkable thing about working memory is its flexibility -- you can hold anything in mind. In their new manuscript, Bouchacourt and Buschman present the first model of working memory that captures this flexibility.
MIT neuroscientists have identified a brain circuit that helps break complex decisions down into smaller pieces. The study sheds light on how the brain reasons about probable causes of failure after a hierarchy of decisions.
New research reveals how frequently being the target of workplace bullying not only leads to health-related problems but can also cause victims to behave badly themselves. The study, led by the University of East Anglia (UEA) in collaboration with Uninettuno Telematic International University in Italy, found that in some cases this is characterised by a lack of problem solving and high avoidance coping strategies.
For decades, political scientists have measured the public's trust in the federal government consistently, using measures that are largely unchanged since the 1960s -- despite the momentous changes happening over the last five decades in the United States. The new research tested a definition of trust and revealed three assessments that lead to one trusting in the government.
Why do some people easily meet their fitness goals and love eating healthy foods while others struggle to do either? New research from the Annenberg School at the University of Pennsylvania indicates that people with a stronger sense of life purpose are more likely to respond positively to health messages and experience less activity in brain regions associated with conflict processing when exposed to these messages.
Following the 2016 presidential election, echo chambers have oft been blamed for the polarization of contemporary American politics. But a new study found that even in homogeneous groups, social influence increases factual accuracy and decreases polarization. In fact, participants' beliefs became 35% more accurate after exchanging information with others in the group, and their beliefs became more similar to members of the other political party.
A team of psychologists has found strong associations between working memory -- a fundamental building block of a functioning mind -- and three health-related factors: sleep, age, and depressed mood. The team also reports that each of these factors is associated with different aspects of working memory. Working memory is the part of short-term memory that temporarily stores and manages information required for cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension.