MIT researchers have designed a skin-like device that can be attached to the face and measure small movements such as a twitch or a smile. With this approach, patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) could communicate a variety of sentiments with small movements that are measured and interpreted by the device.
Study by Brazilian and South African researchers is the first to prove, using a graph analysis tool, that REM dream narratives tend to be more complex and connected than reports of non-REM dreams.
Humans are not the only beings that can identify rules in complex language-like constructions -- monkeys and great apes can do so, too, a study at the University of Zurich has shown. Researchers at the Department of Comparative Language Science of UZH used a series of experiments based on an 'artificial grammar' to conclude that this ability can be traced back to our ancient primate ancestors.
The capacity for language is built upon our ability to understand combinations of words and the relationships between them, but the evolutionary history of this ability is little understood. Now, researchers from the University of Warwick have managed to date this capacity to at least 30-40 million years ago, the last common ancestor of monkeys, apes and humans.
Two prominent early intervention models for toddlers with autism show a very similar impact, whether delivered at 15-hours or 25-hours per week intensities, a UC Davis MIND Institute study has found.
Asif Ghazanfar led a team of scientists who determined that changing an infant monkey's verbal development also changed a physical marker of domesticity: a patch of white fur on its forehead. This is the first study linking the degree of a social trait with the size of a physical sign of domestication, in any species.
This review synthesizes the literature regarding tracheostomy and laryngectomy management in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
A UC Berkeley graduate student surveyed young Colombian scientists and found that for many, having to read, write and present in English can be a burden, in terms of anxiety, time and cost. Some forego oral presentations at meetings because of poor English skills. Many call on English speaking friends to edit manuscipts, or pay for editing. In the Spanish speaking global south, English is one more barrier to full participation in science.
Medical University of South Carolina researchers report in JMIR Medical Informatics that they have developed deep learning models to predict intentional self-harm based on information in clinical notes. This is critical to the advancement of research in mental health, as most relevant patient data is found in clinical notes rather than in tabulated form. Once optimized, these models could predict which patients are high-risk for suicide so that they could be referred for appropriate treatment.
Understanding sounds in language is a critical building block for child literacy, yet this skill is often overlooked. Researchers from Michigan State University have developed a new software tool to assess children's phonological awareness -- or, how they process the sound structure of words.