Autism occurs in children from all backgrounds. But the impacts of autism are not felt equally across all groups.
Science is known for being objective and apolitical, but is it? Historically speaking, the voices of underrepresented groups have been missing from science, resulting in an often incomplete perspective of the world. Without these voices, we are left with skewed ideas about how race, ethnicity, class, sex, gender, and sexuality affect people's lives. A new collection of essays in American Anthropologist unpacks how increasingly diverse scientists speak back to these problems, by offering new and more complete understandings of diversity.
Students of color who attend schools with a culture that emphasizes the value of diversity -- specifically schools whose mission statements mention goals such as serving a diverse student body and appreciating diversity and cultural differences -- show better cardiovascular health than peers whose schools do not express such values, according to a new collaborative study done by researchers at Northwestern and Stanford universities. This same pattern did not emerge among white students.
A UBC researcher says a tool to assess potential adoptive parents does not meet the needs of lesbian, gay or gender minority adults. Sarah Dow-Fleisner, a professor in the UBC Okanagan's School of Social Work, worked with Boston Children's Hospital postdoctoral fellow Adeline Wyman Battalen and David Brodzinsky, professor emeritus at Rutgers University, to test the validity of the commonly-used Transracial Adoptive Parenting Scale (TAPS).
An analysis of census tract data for neighborhoods in America's three largest cities suggests black-majority neighborhoods are associated with disparities in access to trauma centers. The study paired census tract data for New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago with coordinates for trauma centers within a five-mile buffer.
Gay and lesbian spaces in cities are dispersing and diversifying rather than disappearing, new University of British Columbia research has found. A common perception is that major urban centers have just one, singular gay neighborhood -- or 'gayborhood' -- where all gay people live, but the UBC research shows that LGBTQ people are increasingly living in 'cultural archipelagos' beyond the gayborhood.
New research indicates that elderly men are significantly undertreated for osteoporosis compared with elderly women, and blacks have the lowest treatment rates among racial/ethnic groups. The findings are published in the Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research.
One in three students with ADHD received no school-based interventions and two of three received no classroom management, researchers found in the largest study of children and teens with ADHD ever conducted. At least one in five students with ADHD who experience significant academic and social impairment - those most in need of services - received no school intervention. The gap was particularly evident for adolescents and youth from non-English-speaking and/or lower income families.
According to the results of a new study led by a researcher from the University of California, Riverside, a subset of women living in the US may be at higher risk for breast cancer than previously observed. The study identified differences in how Asian American women experience breast cancer risk; more specifically, it found that Asian American women who had immigrated had significantly higher risk for breast cancer than their US-born counterparts.
Because of high out-of-pocket expenses, Ohioans who purchase subsidized health-exchange insurance often can't afford the care they need when they need it. That is a central finding of a new study from researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.