Lifetime adversity and increased neural processing during a traumatic event combine to increase the frequency of intrusive traumatic memories and the distress they cause, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.
New research shows that the Blue Room, an immersive virtual reality treats 45 percent of children with autism freeing them from their fears and phobias -- and that the treatment lasts.
Climate change poses an exponentially greater risk for mental health problems in children born to mothers with prenatal depression who also experience natural disaster-related stress. That is the message of a new study of infants born to New York City mothers shortly after Superstorm Sandy.
Sexual assault victims wearing the hijab or niqab are viewed more positively when testifying in court than uncovered women reveals a study. The study aimed to investigate the importance of being able to see the face to judge credibility among witnesses, along with the importance of religious garments. Contrary to expectations, they found that 'positive biases' are created when women testify in court with either the hijab or the niqab.
Fear in the wake of violent conflicts causes people to take fewer risks, which may come at the expense of bettering their lives and the economy. University of Colorado Denver researchers looked at longitudinal survey data taken before and after the onset of the Mexican war on drugs and found a causal link between the fear of violence and its impact on the risk-taking attitudes of individuals living in affected communities.
Exposure to nature, even through a brief gardening activity, can improve well-being among women in prison, a UW Tacoma-led study finds.
A lineage of young neuroscientists from diverse backgrounds trace their scientific roots to a 'fear lab' in Puerto Rico that the National Institutes of Health has been supporting for two decades. A crucible for studies of fear extinction, the lab has so far published 80 papers -- some the first ever from Puerto Rico for certain journals. Of 130 trainees to date, 90 percent are from Puerto Rico and Latin America and half are women.
More than 50 percent of cancer patients still smoke after being diagnosed, yet quitting smoking can significantly improve the effectiveness of cancer treatment. A new study from Northwestern Medicine and the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania found cancer patients have better success quitting and are not as prone to relapsing one year later if they undergo counseling sessions for 24 weeks and take the smoking cessation medication varenicline (e.g. Chantix) for 24 weeks, compared to the routine 12 weeks.
Visualizing your significant other may be just as effective as having them in the room with you when it comes to managing the body's cardiovascular response to stressful situations, according to a University of Arizona study.
Professor Rony Paz of the Weizmann Institute of Science suggests that our brains are like modern washing machines -- evolved to have the latest sophisticated programming, but more vulnerable to breakdown and prone to develop costly disorders. He and a group of researchers recently conducted experiments comparing the efficiency of the neural code in non-human and human primates, and found that as the neural code gets more efficient, the robustness that prevents errors is reduced.