Now, researchers in the Center for Alcohol Research in Epigenetics at the University of Illinois at Chicago report in the journal Neuropharmacology, that alcohol blocks a potassium channel called KCNK13 that sits within the membrane of dopamine-releasing neurons in the VTA. When the potassium channel gets blocked, the neurons increase their activity and release more dopamine.
Men and women who lived under communist regimes during the Cold War drink more alcohol more often than people in capitalist nations in the West, according to new research from the University of Kent.
An Australian study has revealed the dangers of 'toxic masculinity' for men aged 18 to 30 and those around them. The survey of 1000 men found around 30 percent were boxed into the traditional stereotype, 'The Man Box', which made them twice as likely to have suicidal thoughts and seven times more likely to be violent towards others. The study was conducted by Jesuit Social Services' The Men's Project and QUT Associate Professor Michael Flood.
A new scientific study of forecasts and alternative scenarios for life expectancy and major causes of death in 2040 shows all countries are likely to experience at least a slight increase in lifespans. In contrast, one scenario finds nearly half of all nations could face lower life expectancies.
Patients with alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) tend to have worse outcomes than others following a stay in intensive care, research shows.
People who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, a common type of bariatric surgery, are at an increased risk for alcohol-related problems. However, common screening tools that help physicians identify patients at high risk for alcohol use disorder fail to work well in this population. The analysis also found that adults who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery steadily increased their frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption in the seven years following their surgery.
A high-fat diet in female mice affects their offspring's obesity, insulin resistance and addictive-like behaviors for three generations, according to a study published in the open-access journal Translational Psychiatry.
A VA and Oregon Health & Sciences University team found that a history of binge drinking made male and female mice react differently to traumatic stress. The research may help scientists understand why men and women seem to handle both alcohol and stress differently.
Young people in England aren't just drinking less alcohol -- a new study published in BMC Public Health shows that more of them are never taking up alcohol at all, and that the increase is widespread among young people.
More and more breweries are investing in practices to save energy and reduce greenhouse gases. Will it pay off? A study by Indiana University researchers suggests it may.