With aims of bringing more human-like reasoning to autonomous vehicles, MIT researchers have created a system that uses only simple maps and visual data to enable driverless cars to navigate routes in new, complex environments.
Physicists at the University of Basel are able to show for the first time how a single electron looks in an artificial atom. A newly developed method enables them to show the probability of an electron being present in a space. This allows improved control of electron spins, which could serve as the smallest information unit in a future quantum computer. The experiments were published in Physical Review Letters and the related theory in Physical Review B.
Researchers have developed a new framework for building deep neural networks via grammar-guided network generators. In experimental testing, the new networks -- called AOGNets -- have outperformed existing state-of-the-art frameworks, including the widely used ResNet and DenseNet systems, in visual recognition tasks.
Virtual Reality takes over ever more areas of our lives so it is important that virtual worlds offer high usability. Until now, the only way to check was to conduct tests with volunteers -- time-consuming and cost-intensive. Dr Patrick Harms from the Institute of Computer Science at the University of Göttingen developed technology that automatically detects many problems with user-friendliness and usability in the virtual environment. The results appeared in 'ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction'.
It's not exactly the set of TV's 'American Ninja Warrior,' but a tiny obstacle course for bacteria has shown researchers how E. coli changes its behavior to rapidly clear obstructions to food. The work by scientists at Carnegie Mellon University, the University of Pittsburgh and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies holds implications for not only biology and medicine, but also robotic search-and-rescue tactics.
Bhaskar Krishnamachari, a professor at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering, and Aditya Asgaonkar -- a recent undergraduate computer science alum at BITS Pilani, India who visited and worked with Krishnamachari at USC Viterbi over several months in 2018 -- believe they have found a way to make the buying and selling of digital goods less costly, more efficient, and less vulnerable to fraud. Their proposed solution involves blockchain, 'smart contracts,' and game theory.
Researchers have developed a new framework for deep neural networks that allows artificial intelligence (AI) systems to better learn new tasks while 'forgetting' less of what it has learned regarding previous tasks. The researchers have also demonstrated that using the framework to learn a new task can make the AI better at performing previous tasks, a phenomenon called backward transfer.
MIT researchers have designed a way to generate, at room temperature, more single photons for carrying quantum information. The design, they say, holds promise for the development of practical quantum computers.
SUTD researchers have developed a novel approach to untangle the centralization phenomena in blockchain mining by employing the rich economic theory of Oceanic Games. The application of this theory in the blockchain ecosystem unveiled incentives for both active and newly entering miners to merge and act as single entities and provides an alternative justification of the centralization and concentration of power in the mining process of major cryptocurrencies.
A team of computing researchers at Lancaster University has taken the closest look yet at the nature and extent of how household viewing habits have changed -- providing valuable new evidence for the researchers, who are interested in our changing viewing habits and how this links to the huge increases in Internet data traffic.