Individuals from Black and Hispanic backgrounds in the United States are twice as likely to test positive for COVID-19 than their White counterparts, according to new research in PLOS Medicine. Led by researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and Yale University, and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), the study found this disparity even after accounting for factors such as underlying health conditions, where they live and where they receive care.
By studying 488 public airports in the United States, University of Colorado Denver School of Public Affairs researcher Serena Kim, PhD, found that 20% of them have adopted solar photovoltaic (PV), commonly known as solar panels, over the last decade.
In a report published today in the highly influential American Journal of Bioethics, the researchers describe a student health survey team that discovered a Colorado school with extremely high rates of suicide risk, and a lack of ethical guidance on whether or how to intervene. The researchers are calling for national ethics guidelines when student health surveys uncover suicide-risk "hot spots."
European regulatory expertise centre, the Pharmabiotic Research Institute (PRI), which supports the pharmaceutical development of microbiome-based drug products, a new field of biological medicine, has published a review of the regulatory and scientific requirements needed to properly develop live biotherapeutic products (LBPs). Similarly to other innovative medicinal products, demonstrating the quality, efficacy and safety of these living medicines will require an innovative regulatory and technical approach.
Research led by ecologists at the University of Toronto examining plastic pollution entering oceans, rivers and lakes around the world annually, outlines potential impacts of various mitigation strategies over the coming decade. The researchers estimate the scale of human response needed to reduce future emissions and manage what's already floating around out there and recommend a fundamental shift to a framework based on recycling where end-of-life plastic products are valued rather than becoming waste.
The UN Convention on Biological Diversity's new GBO5 report provides: A final report card on the 20 Aichi biodiversity targets (2010-2020) and lessons learned as nations negotiate a global framework and targets for managing nature this decade, to be agreed at CBD's 193 member nations at COP15 next May in China. An authoritative synthesis of the state of nature underlining the huge stakes involved and the urgency to act, citing eight transformative changes needed.
Protected areas are the most important tool for curbing biodiversity loss, but a lack of field data hampers efforts to measure their effectiveness. Scientists have now used records collated by thousands of citizens to show that protected areas contribute significantly to the conservation of rare and threatened birds across tropical forests hotspots. Protected areas achieve these positive outcomes by preventing deforestation and by retaining the quality of the remaining forest habitats. Published in Nature Communications.
The NHS would spend billions of pounds more on drugs if it had to pay US prices following a US/UK trade deal. According to a new study by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Harvard Medical School, and the University of Oxford, NHS England would have spent over £5 billion more on 50 brand-name prescription drugs widely used in primary care if it had paid US prices in 2018.
Danish university lecturer experiments with banning screens in discussion lessons. In a new study, a UCPH researcher and her colleagues at Aarhus University analyzed the results, which include greater student presence, improved engagement and deeper learning.
New peer-reviewed research describes the history of the 1906 Antiquities Act (used to create national monuments), the controversies that have swirled around monument designation, and findings in the peer-reviewed literature about their impacts on surrounding communities.