Patients who identify as transgender have lower odds of being screened for cancer, suggests a new study from St. Michael's Hospital, which also explores how doctors can address the disparity. The study assessed screening rates for cervical, breast, and colorectal cancer among 120 transgender patients eligible for screening and compared these with screening rates among the cisgender (i.e. non-transgender) patient population at the St. Michael's Hospital Academic Family Health Team.
As coral species die off, they may be leaving a death spiral in their wake: Their absence could be sapping life from the corals that survive. In a new study, when isolated from other species, corals got weak, died off or grew in fragile structures. The study has shown it is possible to quantify positive effects of coral biodiversity and negative effects of its absence.
Mortgage seekers from minority groups may pay more in fees than similarly qualified white borrowers, according to a team of researchers. In a study, the researchers found that when minorities seek mortgages they pay about 8 percent more -- or $400 more -- than white borrowers when they seek loans from white mortgage agents. Mortgage agents can assess fees, such as the broker origination fee, which are negotiable, or can even be waived.
Scientists have already observed and predicted that high ringed seal pup mortality rates are linked to poor environmental conditions like early ice breakup and low snow. Researchers have now gone a step further by coupling these hypotheses with forecasts of future spring snow and ice conditions, developing a mathematical model, and following it to some stark conclusions for populations off the Amundsen Gulf and Prince Albert Sound in Canada.
Two UBC Okanagan biologists, who have publicly solicited images of wild cats for their research, have answered that question. Their recently published study explains how hard it can be when it comes to wildlife classification -- even experts have difficulty agreeing on whether a cat in a picture is a bobcat or a lynx.
Policy Cures Research's annual G-FINDER report is the world's most comprehensive survey of R&D funding for neglected infectious diseases that disproportionately affect people in developing countries. The 11th G-FINDER report finds that funding for neglected disease R&D in 2017 reached its highest level ever, exceeding US$3.5 billion. This is up seven percent since 2016, driven primarily by new investments from the United Kingdom, European Commission, Germany and India.
Adolescents and young adults living in states with more liberal policies reported higher average rates of past-year cannabis use than those in states with more conservative policies. However, the rates of cannabis use disorder -- abuse or dependence on the drug -- were significantly lower in states with more liberal policies compared to states with more conservative policies. The study is one of the first to assess the relationship between policy liberalism and health outcomes, and specifically cannabis use-related outcomes.
New research from Case Western Reserve University in how dragonflies may adapt their wing color to temperature differences might explain color variation in other animals, from lions to birds. Further, the findings could also provide evolutionary biologists clues about whether rising global temperatures might adversely affect some species.
IIASA-led research has established a causal link between climate, conflict, and migration for the first time, something which has been widely suggested in the media but for which scientific evidence is scarce.
If a patient has private insurance, doctors can get prior approval to prescribe a drug 'off-label' to make sure the medication will be covered, but when it comes to Medicare part D, coverage decisions are dictated by two compendia -- lists of medications and what they're indicated for. Researchers examined these lists and found they are incomplete, outdated, and frequently in conflict with each other.