Doping remains an ongoing problem in competitive sports, but researchers have never before asked athletes to rank the effectiveness of available anti-doping strategies. A new poll of a national pool of top German cyclists and field athletes finds that, according to the athletes, better diagnostics, increased bans and laws against doping are perceived as far more effective than increased fines or leniency programs.
First-of-its-kind study looks at female athletes wearing experimental neck collar.
Endurance exercise training beneficially modifies gut microbiota composition.
Physical exercise can reduce the risk factors of type two diabetes and cardiovascular disease even in children, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. In a two-year follow-up of primary school children, sedentary behavior increased the accumulation of risk factors, whereas increasing the amount of vigorous exercise reduced it. This is one of the first follow-up studies to reliably demonstrate these associations in children.
In an investigation of head impact burden and change in neurocognitive function during a season of youth football, researchers find that sub-concussive impacts are not correlated with worsening performance in neurocognitive function.
Footballers' ability to recover after high-intensity effort may not depend on their age, but on their division level, a new study has suggested. A multinational team of scientists led by the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) carried out maximum-effort tests with Spanish division one and division two soccer players. They then measured the players' oxygen consumption, heart rate and ventilation during recovery.
While exercise buffs have long used protein supplements to gain muscle, new research from McMaster University suggests one protein source in particular, whey protein, is most effective for seniors struggling to rebuild muscle lost from inactivity associated with illness or long hospital stays.
Study is the first to highlight sex differences in thermal behavior and could one day inform the development of new athletic apparel.
Groundbreaking research appearing in the current issue of Pediatric Obesity represents the most wide-ranging investigation to date of how broadly and successfully communities across the US implement programs and policies to prevent obesity in kids.
A Clemson University researcher recently published insights into homemade steroids and steroid trafficking through a study of federal court cases. The research details why homemade steroids became popular and how online tools and cryptocurrency have allowed for their rapid spread.