Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health contributed to a new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that finds the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among 11 surveillance sites as 1 in 54 among children aged 8 years in 2016 (or 1.85 percent).
Kids with developmental disabilities face challenges in building motor skills, which makes them less able to participate in routine physical activity, which gives them less opportunity to practice those same motor skills. But parents can make a big difference by modeling and supporting physical activity in daily life, especially with younger children, a recent study from Oregon State University found.
Expressive language sampling yielded five language-related outcome measures that may be useful for treatment studies in intellectual disabilities, especially fragile X syndrome. The measures were generally valid and reliable across the range of ages, IQs and autism symptom severity of participants. According to the study, led by UC Davis researchers and funded by NIH, the measures are also functional in supporting treatments that can improve language, providing far reaching benefits for individuals with intellectual disabilities.
The Journal of the American Medical Directors Association published in its January issue a consensus statement for treating urinary tract infections at post-acute and long-term care centers. Kalin Clifford, Pharm.D., an assistant professor for the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Jerry H. Hodge School of Pharmacy was a member of the Infection Advisory Committee of the American Medical Directors Association -- The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Medicine that developed the statement.
Senior citizens who are not vitamin D deficient have a better chance of walking after hip fracture surgery, according to a Rutgers-led study. The findings in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggest that vitamin D deficiency could limit mobility in older adults, said senior author Sue Shapses, a professor in the Department of Nutritional Sciences at the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences at Rutgers University-New Brunswick.
Resolvins are lipids that 'resolve' the inflammation that normally follows injury or disease, returning the body back to normal. Therapeutic administration of one such resolvin can halt memory loss in a common preclinical model of Down syndrome, a finding that could also be relevant to memory loss in Alzheimer's disease, report researchers from the Medical University of South Carolina and elsewhere in Glia. This resolvin could enhance the body's ability to heal and resolve inflammation.
Two complications have emerged as top priorities for spinal cord injury researchers -- neurogenic bowel and neurogenic bladder. Researchers have developed a framework for planning and executing the necessary research and established recommendations for translating findings into practical recommendations for community use by individuals with spinal cord injury.
Mount Sinai research highlights the need for more hearing checks among groups at high risk for falls.
Caregivers in low-income settings will be able to respond to the challenges of bringing up children with disabilities, thanks to a new model created by the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI).
Parents of children with genetic conditions that cause learning disabilities are at risk of mental health problems, suggests new research published today in the British Journal of Psychiatry. The teams behind the study have called for greater support for parents whose child receives a genetic diagnosis for their learning disability.