EPFL scientists have found a fast and simple way to make super-elastic, multi-material, high-performance fibers. Their fibers have already been used as sensors on robotic fingers and in clothing. This breakthrough method opens the door to new kinds of smart textiles and medical implants.
Kessler Foundation researchers compared two neuropsychological tests for assessing learning in individuals with multiple sclerosis. 'Comparing the Open Trial - Selective Reminding Test results with the California Learning Verbal Test II in Multiple Sclerosis' was published online on April 4, 2018, in Applied Neuropsychology: Adult. This is the first study to compare the two tests in the same individuals with MS.
Stroke remains a leading cause of human disability and rehabilitation therapy can help. Supervised in-home rehabilitation therapy delivered via telemedicine can be as effective as in-clinic rehabilitation program as an alternative for stroke survivors who can't sustain in-person visits for reasons that may include high cost, difficulty traveling to a provider or few regionally available care providers.
Researchers have developed new technology for decoding neuromuscular signals to control powered, prosthetic wrists and hands. The work relies on computer models that closely mimic the behavior of the natural structures in the forearm, wrist and hand. The technology could also be used to develop new computer interface devices for applications such as gaming and computer-aided design.
'Our research shows that patients with frontal cortical lesions may benefit from prism adaptation treatment for spatial neglect,' said Dr. AM Barrett. 'Early identification of patients with hemiparesis and frontal lesions could reduce the substantial costs of stroke care and improve public health. Because spatial neglect often goes undetected, this is a major challenge. Meeting that challenge requires educating stroke professionals about targeted prism treatment, and conducting further research on a larger scale.'
For patients with chronic conditions like arthritis or diabetes, arguments with a spouse may have physical repercussions, according to researchers. They found that in two groups of older individuals -- one group with arthritis and one with diabetes -- the patients who felt more tension with their spouse also reported worse symptoms on those days.
Children with brain injuries face significant challenges when transitioning from hospital or home to school where they face issues such as lack of educator understanding and catching up with missed work. In the current issue of NeuroRehabilitation, leading researchers in the field of pediatric brain injury from across the globe identify today's key issues in supporting children and youth with brain injuries as they transition to school or college.
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are seen as a potential means by which severely physically impaired individuals can regain control of their environment, but establishing such an interface is not trivial. A study publishing May 10 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, by a group of researchers at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in Geneva, Switzerland, suggests the most dramatic improvements in computer-augmented performance are likely to occur when both human and machine are allowed to learn.
Researchers developed a toolkit to address the menstruation-related needs of girls and women fleeing disaster or conflict. A pilot test of the toolkit gathered feedback from humanitarian experts and displaced girls and women in refugee camps in Tanzania. Findings showed there remains a lack of effective, coordinated approaches for assisting vulnerable groups to manage their menstruation in challenging settings around the world, and that menstrual management needs of girls and women in transit, are particularly overlooked.
By federal law passed in 1975, children with intellectual disabilities are supposed to spend as much time as possible in general education classrooms. But a new study suggests that progress toward that goal has stalled.