Optogenetics can control cellular functions by illuminating lights and revolutionized stimulation methods. However, trials to modify behaviors in monkeys have ended up in failure. This research group has succeeded in inducing arm movements in Japanese macaque monkeys by using an appropriate adeno-associated viral vector, developing an optrode, and precise mapping of the monkey motor cortex. This study has opened the door to optogenetic studies in non-human primates and toward clinical application in human patients, such as optical DBS.
The latest Johns Hopkins Medicine research achievements and clinical advances, covering topics not related to COVID-19 or the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
The St. Pölten UAS and the Austrian general accident insurance institution AUVA have made one of the biggest data records for automated gait analysis worldwide openly accessible. Researchers are free to use the data in order to improve automated gait analysis with the help of methods such as machine learning. The dataset and the accompanying description were recently published in the magazine "Scientific Data" of the renowned publishing house Nature.
The 2020 survey collected a wealth of information, including details of college majors and occupations, finding that students with disabilities were more likely to pursue career paths focused on helping people, and less likely to choose STEM majors, or to work in STEM disciplines. "Preparing for STEM careers will help people with disabilities take advantage of this growth sector in our economy," said Dr. O'Neill. "Research shows that this is a disparity that can be addressed with the right support system," he added.
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine uncover how mutations in the human gene CLN6 can lead to a form of Batten disease.
Researchers at Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia has led to the development of an artificial liquid retinal prosthesis to counteract the effects of diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa and age-related macular degeneration that cause the progressive degeneration of photoreceptors of the retina, resulting in blindness. The collected data show that this innovative technique is valid to restore the photoreceptive capacity of retinal neurons while preserving their spatial resolution, laying a solid foundation for future clinical trials in humans.
In the world's first study of long-term impacts from ladder falls, Queensland researchers have found half of fallers experience a deterioration in their psychological wellbeing for at least six months after the incident.
The fact that people are living longer lives represents one of the crowning achievements of the last century, but also requires careful planning on the part of governments. A new IIASA study investigated the prevalence of activity limitations among older adults in 23 low- and middle-income countries, to help policymakers prepare for the challenges associated with the world's aging population.
A new study published recently in the Disability and Health Journal by researchers from Syracuse University and SUNY Upstate Medical University shows that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) living in residential group homes are more likely to be diagnosed with COVID-19 and die from the virus than those without IDD.
Children born with cleft lip and cleft palate (CLP) commonly undergo multiple surgical procedures between infancy and adolescence. By the time they are teens, patients with CLP with more total surgeries do not have increased psychosocial problems.