A new Clinical Implications of Basic Research paper highlights a novel surgical adhesive on the horizon.
Cigars may have a reputation for being safer than cigarettes, but they may be just as harmful and addictive, according to Penn State researchers, who add that small cigars have just as much if not more nicotine than cigarettes.
Researchers at Duke University have discovered that reducing the use of antibiotics will not be enough to reverse the growing prevalence of antibiotic resistance because bacteria are able to share the ability to fight antibiotics by swapping genes between species. They also show, however, that there are ways to disrupt the gene-sharing process and perhaps reverse antibiotic resistance.
Using a real-world outbreak as a test case, a team combined patient-transfer data and whole-genome sequencing to identify hotspots for transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
The noise levels commuters are exposed to while using public transport or while biking, could induce hearing loss if experienced repeatedly and over long periods of time, according to a study published in the open-access Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery. Efforts to control noise should focus on materials and equipment that provide a quieter environment, researchers at the University of Toronto suggest. Hearing protection while using public transport should also be promoted.
The exploitation of people for forced labor and marriage affects over 40 million worldwide, with every nation implicated in a human rights violation now termed 'modern slavery.' PLOS Medicine announces the publication of a new Collection, 'Human Trafficking, Exploitation and Health,' on Nov. 22, 2017, to examine this global crisis.
A new study demonstrates that outbreaks of mosquito-borne viruses Zika and Chikungunya generally occur about three weeks after heavy rainfall. Researchers also found that Chikungunya will predominate over Zika when both circulate at the same time.
Research comparing cystic fibrosis patients in the United States and Canada showed that, although patients' nutritional status and lung function improved in both countries from 1990 to 2013, the US improvement rate was faster. Nutritional status and lung function are related to survival in cystic fibrosis. U.S. improvements may be due to implementation of newborn screening, quality improvement initiatives for the disease and better healthcare access under the Medicaid Children's Health Insurance Program, signed into federal law in 1997.
This report is part of a series titled 'Discrimination in America.' The series is based on a survey conducted for National Public Radio, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. While many surveys have explored Americans' beliefs about discrimination, this survey asks people about their own personal experiences with discrimination.
Can acupuncture and yoga help to fight the opioid epidemic? These and other integrative medicine approaches have shown at least preliminary evidence of effectiveness in pain management, according to an article in the December issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia -- a special thematic issue addressing the opioid crisis.