Working with hundreds of time-lapse videos of mouse tissue, a team of biologists joined up with civil engineers to create what is believed to be the first 3D computer model to show precisely how the tiny tubes that funnel milk through the breasts of mammals form.
Female genital mutilation (FGM) increases the risk of developing mental illness and changes the body's reactions to stress.
New research from a Swedish and Norwegian team of researchers led from Karolinska Institutet does not support a suggested link between treatment with the oral antifungal drug fluconazole during pregnancy and an increased risk of stillbirth. The study is published in the prestigious medical journal JAMA.
The unique composition of a mother's breastmilk may help to reduce food sensitization in her infant, report researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine with colleagues in Canada. The findings, publishing in the June 15 issue of Allergy, further highlight the health role of human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), which are not found in infant formula, and underscore their potential for therapeutic interventions.
Researchers have found biomarkers in maternal blood that accurately identified pregnant women who would go on to deliver babies up to two months prematurely, an important finding as there is currently no test on the market to reliably assess which pregnancies will end with a premature birth. 15 million babies are born prematurely each year worldwide.
'Mental stress is known to have an adverse effect on fertility, but there is little research on the impact of stress on sperm quality,' says Dr. Eliahu Levitas, a member of the Ben-Gurion University Faculty of Health Sciences and director of the IVF Unit at Soroka. 'This study shows that prolonged stress can have an effect on sperm quality.'
A new study published in Science Translational Medicine uses a mouse model to investigate the potential long-term effects of early-life infection by Zika virus, and indicates that blocking TNF- may be an effective strategy to stop seizures in newborns exposed to Zika congenitally.
More than one-third of women who go to a Catholic hospital for reproductive care aren't aware they're seeking obstetrical and gynecological care at a facility that may have limited health care options due to its religious affiliation.
Symptoms associated with borderline personality disorder -- a severe and chronic mood disorder characterized by an inability to manage strong emotions -- tend to worsen just before and during menses, according to a study in Psychological Medicine.
Having an abortion does not increase a woman's risk for depression, according to a new University of Maryland School of Public Health-led study of nearly 400,000 women. Previous research has found abortion does not harm women's mental health, yet studies claiming that it does have been used to justify state policies that restrict access to abortion in the US. This study's findings, published in JAMA Psychiatry, suggest those policies are misguided.