A study by Inserm and CNRS researchers published on March 7, 2019 in JCI Insight reveals that the cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptors play an essential role in the choice between running and eating chocolatey food.
A new study published March 19, 2019 in Brain has produced evidence of the source of chronic pain in humans, revealing several new targets for pain treatment. The paper examined human dorsal root ganglia, specialized nerve cells clustered near the base of the spine removed from cancer patients undergoing surgery.
Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina have identified which neurons are responsible for cocaine-seeking behaviors in rodents and where these neurons exert their effects within the brain. Their findings were published in March 13, 2019 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. This work opens a new line of addiction research that could lead to novel therapeutic approaches for preventing relapse.
Knowledge of the facts is called factive knowledge. In the phrase 'He knows [that it is warm outside]', the embedded clause is assumed to be true. However, in the phrase 'It seems [that it is warm outside]', the embedded clause is presupposed to be false or counterfactive.
Cytochrome c is a small enzyme that plays an important role in the production of energy by mitochondria. It is also involved in signaling dangerous problems that warrant apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Using solid-state NMR, University of Groningen Associate Professor Patrick van der Wel and colleagues from the University of Pittsburgh have discovered that the signal induced by cytochrome c is more controlled than expected. The results were published in the journal Structure.
A new treatment for a common type of stroke may soon be possible, thanks to a discovery by an international team of researchers led by the University of British Columbia.
A potent chemogenetic system pairs an anti-smoking drug with specially engineered proteins to change neuron activity. The research tool could one day be used to treat conditions like epilepsy or pain.
Findings could fundamentally change how scientists interpret the biological activities of serotonin.
A team of scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology has systematically studied and compared the eyes and antennae and the associated brain structures of more than 60 species of the genus Drosophila. They found a large variation, but at the same time a close correlation between the two sensory features. The size of the sensory organs is related to the behavior of the mate and host selection.
A James Cook University scientist is part of an international team that's used new 'big data' analysis to achieve a major advance in understanding neurological disorders such as Epilepsy, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.