Modeling the interplay between neurons and astrocytes derived from children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Brazil, say innate inflammation in the latter appears to contribute to neuronal dysfunction in at least some forms of the disease.
Brazilian scientists found that addicts who began using cocaine before and after the age of 18 showed differences in sustained attention and working memory, among other brain functions. The research, made under controlled drug abstinence condition, measured cocaine's impact on more than a hundred drug users' cognition, and recommended multidisciplinary treatment for patients with an accentuated cognitive deficit.
MRI study analyzes stress-processing brain regions in older city dwellers.
Scientists at the Massachusetts General Hospital, in collaboration with colleagues at the University California, San Diego, have characterized a new class of drugs as potential therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease and discovered a piece in the puzzle of how they would work.
A scientific collaboration between stem cell researchers of the Heinrich-Heine-University Duesseldorf, Germany, led by Professor Patrick Küry (Neurology) and by Professor James Adjaye (Stem Cell Research and Regenerative Medicine) with support from British and Chilean colleagues resulted in a publication on the prospective use of stem cells to generate cell replacement in diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
An international group of researchers led by Professor Wim Versées (VIB-VUB) has unraveled the workings of an essential mechanism in 'Parkinson's protein' LRRK2. Their study demonstrates a direct link between the protein's 'dimerization' -- two copies that are bound together -and mutations that lead to Parkinson's disease. This process could eventually lead to a promising therapy route.
The gentle touch of another individual soothes the effects of social exclusion, one of the most emotionally painful human experiences, according to new UCL research.
The brain circuitry that controls innate, or instinctive, behaviors such as mating and fighting was thought to be genetically hardwired. Not so, neuroscientists now say.
A drug commonly used in hospital emergency rooms for people with migraine is substantially less effective than an alternate drug and should not be used as a first choice treatment, according to a study published in the Oct. 18, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
MRI-based measurements of the functional connections in the brain can help predict long-term recovery in patients who suffer neurological disability after cardiac arrest, according to new research.