Videos and creative uses of other visuals provide a novel way to obtain informed consent during clinical trials to improve participants' understanding and retention of trial information, according to a study by Nemours Children's Health System presented at the American Thoracic Society (ATS) Annual Conference.
An article published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology shows allergies can have serious, far-reaching consequences, especially on adolescent sufferers.
Researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center have discovered that tumor cells reprogram metabolic pathways to gain control over a type of immune cell that allows cancer growth.
In response to antibiotics, a gene regulation network found in the bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii acts to boost both virulence and antibiotic resistance. Edward Geisinger of Tufts University School of Medicine and colleagues present new insights into this system in a study published in PLOS Pathogens.
Some examples of the persistence of incompletely resolved issues in asthma management are: 1) misdiagnosis -- with the related complex consequences --, especially in children population and, 2) poor control of the disease. Also related factors as suboptimal medical management , poor education and health literacy of patients, poor adherence and elevated costs for patients and healthcare systems are some other factors that need urgent implementation.
Using an original mathematical and statistical analysis method, a team of scientists from the Institut Pasteur partnered with researchers from the United States and Thailand to analyze a Thai cohort in order to help identify individuals at risk of infection. By modeling changes in antibody levels after successive infections with the different dengue serotypes, the scientists were able to establish the profile of these individuals. The findings will be published online in Nature on May 23, 2018 (AOP).
Adults with severe eczema could face an increased risk of experiencing non-fatal cardiovascular disease, according to the largest ever study to examine the link, published in the BMJ.
Researchers from McMaster University and the Firestone Institute for Respiratory Health at St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, together with colleagues at other partnering institutions, have developed a new method to treat severe asthma. In a study of over 200 participants with severe asthma, the new treatment was shown to have improved asthma symptoms and lung function, while reducing the need for corticosteroids by up to 70%.
A major new analysis reveals the likely cause of most cases of childhood leukaemia, following more than a century of controversy about its origins. Professor Mel Greaves assessed the most comprehensive body of evidence ever collected on acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). He concludes the disease is caused through a two-step process of genetic mutation and exposure to infection that means it may be preventable with treatments to stimulate or 'prime' the immune system in infancy.
An overwhelming majority of Americans (95 percent) think infectious and emerging diseases facing other countries will pose a 'major' or 'minor' threat to the US in the next few years, but more than half (61 percent) say they are confident the federal government can prevent a major infectious disease outbreak in the US, according to a new national public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America and the American Society for Microbiology.