Infants born to women exposed to high levels of air pollution in the week before delivery are more likely to be admitted to a newborn intensive care unit (NICU), suggests an analysis by researchers at the National Institutes of Health.
Mothers living near more intense oil and gas development activity have a 40-70% higher chance of having children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) compared to those living in areas of less intense activity, according to a new study from researchers at the Colorado School of Public Health.
A study of 1 million people living in 44 low- and middle-income countries found that less than half of those affected with high blood pressure (hypertension) are aware of their condition.
Accurate and timely diagnosis of the tropic disease visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is one of the pillars for reducing VL deaths. Currently available serological tests for diagnosing VL vary widely in their performance and may, as a whole, be inadequate for VL diagnosis, researchers report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.
A University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental epidemiologist studying the presence of PFAS compounds in new mothers and their babies found that women with gestational diabetes had a 'significantly higher' rate of transferring the synthetic chemicals to their fetus.
A survey by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America demonstrates that surveillance for antibiotic-resistant bacteria continues to be a core focus for healthcare facilities.
Multiple violations of injection safety and infection prevention practices -- from lack of handwashing to inappropriate re-use of medication vials -- were identified after an outbreak of septic arthritis at a New Jersey outpatient facility in 2017, according to an investigation published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal for the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. Investigators found 41 patients with osteoarthritis contracted the rare, painful infection following injections in their knee joints, including 33 who required surgical removal of damaged tissue.
Researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health report almost no change in nonmedical prescription opioid use or opioid use disorder after states enacted medical marijuana laws. Overall, opioid use disorder among prescription opioid users decreased slightly after passage of the laws. Until this study, there had been little research on medical marijuana laws' effects on the use of other substances (i.e., alcohol, opioids) -- particularly, prescription opioid use misuse, and opioid use disorder.
If China takes strong measures to reduce its ozone pollution now, it could save hundreds of thousands of lives in the long run, according to a new study led by researchers at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.
Researchers have shown that among users of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent against AIDS that includes tenofovir (Truvada), those with daily use -- very high adherence -- had only about a 1% average decrease in bone mineral density in the spine and a 0.5% decline in the hip.