An international collaboration led by veterinary scientists at Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan, has found that size of a dog heart affects both vortex flow and pressure difference in the heart, which both are promising as an index of expanding function. Their findings mean that size correction of vorticity and pressure difference allows us to use these indexes in the field of pediatric and veterinary medicine.
In response to the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, an authoritative global scientific journal, aptly named Viruses, published a fundamental review of problems related to identifying and studying emerging pathogens, such as the notorious coronavirus.
A bacterial protein fragment instigates lung tissue death in pulmonary fibrosis, a mysterious disease affecting millions of people worldwide, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Mie University in Japan.
Graphene-based biosensors could usher in an era of liquid biopsy, detecting DNA cancer markers circulating in a patient's blood or serum. But current designs need a lot of DNA. In a new study, crumpling graphene makes it more than ten thousand times more sensitive to DNA by creating electrical 'hot spots,' researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign found.
Clinical data should be treated as a public good when it is used for secondary purposes, such as research or the development of AI algorithms, according to a new special report.
Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. When caught in its early stages, before metastasis (which is the growth of a secondary tumor separate to the primary site of cancer), it is known that cancer survival rates are higher. NYUAD researchers have developed a new fluid analyzing platform that allows for the isolation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), which are formed during metastasis. The new technology, featured in the Nature journal Microsystems and Nanoengineering,
After a stroke, there is an increased risk of suffering a second one. If areas in the left hemisphere were affected during the first attack, language is often impaired. In order to maintain this capability, the brain usually briefly drives up the counterparts on the right side. But what happens after a second attack? The Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences now found an answer by using virtual lesions.
An international team of researchers has proposed a microbiome search-based method, via Microbiome Search Engine, to analyze the wealth of available health data to detect and diagnose human diseases.
New research, led by Prof. LIU Bing and Prof. JIANG Tianzi from the Institute of Automation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and their collaborators have recently developed a novel imaging marker that may help in the personalized medicine of psychiatric disorders.
Expressive language sampling yielded five language-related outcome measures that may be useful for treatment studies in intellectual disabilities, especially fragile X syndrome. The measures were generally valid and reliable across the range of ages, IQs and autism symptom severity of participants. According to the study, led by UC Davis researchers and funded by NIH, the measures are also functional in supporting treatments that can improve language, providing far reaching benefits for individuals with intellectual disabilities.