Researchers have shown that higher intelligence and younger age are predictors of greater cognitive recovery 2-5 years post-mild to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Researchers develop molecular testing to distinguish patients who may need less from those who may need more therapy for HER2 positive breast cancer.
An innovation in liver function testing could detect liver disease decades before it becomes fatal.
A blood test in patients with diabetes reveals how levels of a protein associated with brain cell death could predict the risk of a future stroke.
Researchers have developed a urine test for prostate cancer which shows who needs treatment and when. The test diagnoses aggressive prostate cancer and predicts whether patients require treatment up to five years earlier than standard clinical methods. It also identifies men who are up to eight times less likely to need treatment within five years of diagnosis. Researchers hope it could help men avoid an unnecessary initial biopsy and repeated invasive follow-ups for 'low risk' patients.
When used with a common heart scan, machine learning (ML), a type of artificial intelligence, does better than conventional risk models at predicting heart attacks and other cardiac events, according to a new study.
The epileptic 'aura' is a subjective phenomenon that sometimes precedes the visible clinical features of a seizure. Investigators tested three epileptic patients prior to potential surgery to try to determine where their seizures originate. They observed that these patients reported an ecstatic aura only when the dorsal anterior insula of the brain was stimulated. Their findings in the journal Brain Stimulation, published by Elsevier, provide additional support of a major role played by the dorsal anterior insula in ecstatic experiences.
Use of 3D mammography, an advanced form of breast cancer screening, has risen rapidly in recent years, according to Yale researchers in a new study. But adoption of the technology varies widely, reflecting emerging disparities in care, they said.
Japanese scientists at Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Teikyo University of Science, and Juntendo University have found -- in animal studies -- a close relationship between vortex flow and pressure differences in the ventricles, or lower chambers, of the heart. The new information could inform the development of new markers for cardiovascular dysfunction that can lead to heart failure.
Most genetic variants linked to autism are de novo mutations, which are not inherited and are relatively easy to find. A new study, in one of the largest cohorts to date, instead tracked rare recessive mutations in which a child inherits two 'bad' copies of a gene. The findings provides a likely explanation for up to 5 percent of all autism cases and offer new clues to autism's biological causes.