Advanced directives for dementia, differentiating obese children from abused children, and more in the (July-August 2018 issue.
Properly composed treatment and refraining from cigarette consumption can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease resulting from type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. In some cases, the increased risks could theoretically be eliminated.
Brief exposures to stressors can be beneficial by prompting cells to trigger sustained production of antioxidants, molecules that help get rid of toxic cellular buildup related to normal metabolism -- findings with potential relevance for age-related diseases like cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease.
An opt-out organ donation register is unlikely to increase the number of donations, according to a new study from Queen Mary University of London.
Researchers in the Arizona State University Department of Psychology closely examined a series of research studies on resilience in adults that report most people are unaffected by adversity. Psychologists Frank Infurna and Suniya Luthar discovered problems with how many of the studies were designed and how the data were analyzed. In a Clinical Psychology Review, the researchers explain the problems and re-evaluate adult resilience research and find that most people struggle to some degree following adversity and then recover after a period of time.
A powerful psychedelic compound found in ayahuasca can model near-death experiences in the brain, a study has found.
LIF6, a dead gene that came back to life, prevents cancer by killing cells with DNA damage.
An analysis of posts made by males to a subreddit for individuals experiencing suicidal thoughts suggests that the online forum may function, for some males, as a safe space to anonymously share vulnerabilities and receive gender-specific support. University of Arizona sociology graduate student Darla Still presented the work today at the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting.
Medicare patients nationwide have low rates of preventive care visits -- with the lowest rates found in older adults of minority race/ethnicity, reports a study in the September issue of Medical Care. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
A research team reports a new kind of genome analysis that could identify large fractions of the population who have a much higher risk of developing serious common diseases, including coronary artery disease, breast cancer, or type 2 diabetes. These tests, which use information from millions of places in the genome to ascertain risk for five diseases, can flag greater likelihood of developing the potentially fatal conditions well before any symptoms appear.