Researchers from the George Washington University (GW) have examined the care that women and men with heart attack symptoms receive from emergency medical services (EMS) after a 911 call and found that women were less likely to receive aspirin, be resuscitated, or be transported to the hospital in ambulances using lights and sirens.
An international group of collaborating scientists that includes HSE Professor Vasily Vlasov has analyzed data from 195 countries on the spread of Alzheimer's disease and other dementia between 1990 and 2016. The results have been published in the journal The Lancet Neurology.
An initiative adopted by Lancaster University to embed physical activity into the training for medical students has been showcased at a national and international level. Movement for Movement is recognised as a UK best practice exemplar by the 2018 WHO Europe Physical Activity Fact Sheets and the 2018 WHO Europe Physical Activity in the Health Sector report. Physical inactivity is the 4th leading risk factor of global mortality.
A paternal grandfather's access to food during his childhood is associated with mortality risk, especially cancer mortality, in his grandson, shows a large three-generational study from Stockholm University. The reason might be epigenetic -- that environmental exposures in one generation may influence health outcomes in following generations.
Every day, 20 veterans die by suicide -- and most choose a firearm to do it. A new survey of veterans who receive VA mental health care could guide suicide prevention efforts. Ninety-three percent said they would approve of the VA offering options to address firearm access - such as having health providers ask about veterans' access to firearms, providing gun locks, or teaching veterans' family and friends about suicide warning signs and firearm safety.
The new study, administered by the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University and published in the December 2018 issue of The Journal of Nutrition, found that older adults who added hazelnuts to their diet for 16 weeks significantly improved their levels of two key micronutrients. Results showed increased blood concentrations of magnesium and elevated urinary levels of a breakdown product of alpha tocopherol, commonly known as vitamin E.
While other animal embryos grow outside the mother, their embryonic cells can get right to work accepting assignments, such as head, tail or vital organ. By contrast, mammalian embryos must first choose between forming the placenta or creating the baby. New research at MSU has pinpointed two proteins that are the keys to this decision making. The process of assigning cells to placenta or baby is important because that is when pluripotent cells are made. These adaptable pluripotent cells are critical to stem cell research.
"Treatment with active vitamin D did not decrease cardiovascular events in kidney patients undergoing hemodialysis"-- A research group in Japan reported their research results in the December 11 issue of JAMA. "Death risk did not decrease either", according to the principal investigator Dr. Tetsuo Shoji, Research Professor at Department of Vascular Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan.
Whatever the opinion of the public, academics or medical professionals, QUT researchers say it will be politicians who decide on whether laws on euthanasia, or voluntary assisted dying, are changed. Researchers from QUT's Australian Centre for Health Law Research have published an article in the University of New South Wales Law Journal on how politicians approach euthanasia and assisted suicide when they are voting on whether to pass a bill legalising such practices.
Aggressive treatment of hypertension in stroke patients could do more harm than good in the long term, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Georgia.