In a first-of-its-kind study, the researchers looked at extensive data on hospital admissions and discharges in both countries over a 17-year period. They found that while the number of people dying in hospital has declined in both countries, it is falling substantially faster in England.
A new smartphone app may help reduce the number of hospital readmissions in patients who have been treated for a heart attack, according to a study presented at the American College of Cardiology's Cardiovascular Summit in Las Vegas.
Prophylactic use of the drug haloperidol does not help to prevent delirium in intensive care patients or improve their chances of survival. Therefore, there is no reason anymore to administer the drug as a preventive measure to reduce the burden of delirium. This was revealed following a three-year, large-scale study among 1,800 patients in 20 Dutch ICUs, headed by Radboud university medical center.
This study looked at state-level cellphone laws and differences in both texting and hand-held cellphone conversations among teen drivers across four years. Teen drivers reported 55% fewer hand-held phone conversations when universal hand-held calling bans were in place compared to state with no bans. Universal texting bans did not fully discourage teens from texting while driving.
'These results lay the groundwork for the next steps toward FDA approval,' says John Griffin, PhD, professor at TSRI, whose team invented 3K3A-APC.
Identifying frailty in surgical patients, especially those without apparent disability, will help predict risk of adverse events and repeat hospitalizations, according to research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in 2014-2015 disrupted the provision of healthcare in Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia. In a research article published this week in PLOS Medicine, Bradley Wagenaar, of the University of Washington, and colleagues quantify the health system output losses in Liberia during and in the immediate aftermath of the EVD outbreak, and the recovery of the health systems in the two years following.
The experience of hospital A&E staff reveals that they have resigned themselves to patient violence and aggression. In the UK, there were over 1.3 million total reported assaults on NHS staff in 2016. Around the world, one in four hospital staff has experienced physical abuse. A review co-authored by Dr. Ian Smith and Dr. Rebecca Ashton looked at the experiences of staff in 18 countries.
A medical imaging technology under development has enabled doctors to see bacteria deep inside patients' lungs for the first time. Fast diagnosis would enable critically ill patients to be given the right medicine quickly and could avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics.
A group of NUST MISIS's young scientists, for the very first time in Russia, has presented a new therapeutic material based on nanofibers made of polycaprolactone modified with a thin-film antibacterial composition and plasma components of human blood. Biodegradable bandages made from these fibers will accelerate the growth of tissue cells twice as quickly, contributing to the normal regeneration of damaged tissues, as well as preventing the formation of scars in cases of severe burns.