Children exposed to high indoor levels of pet or pest allergens during infancy have a lower risk of developing asthma by 7 years of age, new research supported by the National Institutes of Health reveals. The findings, published September 19 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, may provide clues for the design of strategies to prevent asthma from developing.
In a recent study, screening rates for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among baby boomers increased fivefold in the year following implementation of an electronic health record (EHR)-based prompt for primary care physicians.
A majority of patients with type 1 diabetes who were treated with dapagliflozin, a type 2 diabetes medicine, had a significant decline in their blood sugar levels, according to a new study published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology.
The largest genomic profiling study ever conducted into a type of brain tumor known as glioma in children has identified genetic alterations in 96% of cases. As reported in The Oncologist, this genetic information could help to identify the most effective treatments for specific cases of glioma, hopefully improving the prognosis for what is currently the leading cause of death for children with cancer in the US.
A randomized clinical trial has compared keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery and open surgery in pancreatic cancer patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy, or the Whipple procedure.
Extended follow-up demonstrates that a device used to close a small hole in the heart may benefit certain stroke patients by providing an extra layer of protection for those facing years of ongoing stroke risk.
A chemically modified version of the common blood thinner heparin may be the first promising method of preventing the harmful cascade of destruction to brain tissue that commonly follows traumatic brain injury (TBI), according to new research findings.
Scientists from Switzerland and the US have shown that lymphatic vessels can enable both metastasis and T-cell invasion, opening new paths for cancer immunotherapy.
People with type 2 diabetes can reverse the condition through a low calorie diet, world-renowned expert Professor Roy Taylor will confirm at an international meeting. He will also outline his body of research that has identified the underlying causes of the condition.
Lymphatic vessels, often blamed for enabling cancer cells to spread from a primary location to many other sites, have a flip side. A team of researchers found that in patients being treated with checkpoint inhibitors, lymphangiogenesis boosts the immune system's primary anti-cancer tool, T cells, enabling them to infiltrate tumors and kill cancer cells.