Taking a low-dose aspirin once a day does not reduce the risk of thinking and memory problems caused by mild cognitive impairment or probable Alzheimer's disease, nor does it slow the rate of cognitive decline, according to a large study published in the March 25, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
New research from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine shows analyzing the brains of stroke victims just days after the stroke allows researchers to link various speech functions to different parts of the brain, an important breakthrough that may lead to better treatment and recovery.
After a stroke, there is an increased risk of suffering a second one. If areas in the left hemisphere were affected during the first attack, language is often impaired. In order to maintain this capability, the brain usually briefly drives up the counterparts on the right side. But what happens after a second attack? The Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences now found an answer by using virtual lesions.
A nationwide study of nearly 7,500 people who are obese or severely obese has found that bariatric surgery is linked to significantly fewer heart attacks and strokes. The study, published in the European Heart Journal, found there were 60% fewer fatal and non-fatal heart attacks and stroke among 3,701 men and women who received bariatric surgery compared to the same number of patients who did not, during an average of 11 years following the surgery.
There is a considerable overlap between vascular risk factors and risk factors of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In addition, incident stroke approximately doubles the risk of developing AD. Oxidative stress is significantly involved in the pathogenesis of AD and suffers a dramatic increase in the setting of acute ischemic stroke, especially in cardioembolic stroke, followed by lacunar stroke. Dampening this oxidative burst could delay the onset of subsequent dementia in stroke survivors.
A new study published in Circulation, a journal of the American Heart Association, shows that noncitizens in the United States are less likely to receive treatment for cardiovascular disease risk factors when compared with born or naturalized US citizens.
The blood thinner apixaban may be safer and more effective than rivaroxaban in preventing strokes and systemic blood clots in patients with atrial fibrillation. Findings from a large cohort study are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Scientists have developed a new computational technique that could lead to fast, finely detailed brain imaging with a compact device that uses only sound waves.
New research has found that music therapy sessions have a positive effect on the neurorehabilitation of acute stroke patients, as well as their mood.
Cleveland Clinic researchers have identified a gut microbe-generated byproduct -- phenylacetylglutamine (PAG) -- that is linked to development of cardiovascular disease, including heart attack, stroke and death. The study was published in Cell today.