Using newly refined analysis methods, scientists have discovered that a North Korean nuclear bomb test last fall set off aftershocks over a period of eight months. The shocks, which occurred on a previously unmapped nearby fault, are a window into both the physics of nuclear explosions, and how natural earthquakes can be triggered.
A mobile app that guides pedestrians along the safest instead of quickest route to their destination is being developed by researchers at Cardiff University.
The properties of quantum mechanics can be utilized, for example, in technology and encrypting messages, but the disadvantage is the occasional disappearing of information. For the first time, a research group consisting of Finnish and Chinese scientists has found a way to fully control the information escaping the qubit.
Physicists from RUDN, JINR (Dubna), and the University of Hamburg (Germany) developed a mathematical model for describing physical processes in hybrid systems that consists of atoms and ions cooled down to temperatures close to absolute zero. Such systems might be used in the quantum computer -- a device with exceptional calculation speed. The results of the study were presented at the 22nd International Conference on Few-Body Systems in Physics in Caen (France) in July 9-13, 2018.
New research in the INFORMS journal Operations Research has found a way to identify extremists, such as those associated with the terrorist group ISIS, by monitoring their social media accounts, and can identify them even before they post threatening content.
International team develops mathematical model for monitoring and controlling the spread of melioidosis in Southeast Asia.
According to new study of Syrian War in INFORMS journal Operations Research, unless there is a player so strong it can guarantee a win regardless of what others do, the likely outcome of multilateral war is a gradual stalemate that leads to mutual annihilation of all players.
Researchers found that using bio-sequestration to capture carbon produced by US coal-fired plants even after carbon capture and storage would require using 62 percent of the nation's arable land for that process, or 89 percent of all US land with average forest cover. In comparison, offsetting the amount of carbon produced by manufacturing solar panels is 13 times less land, making it a far more viable option.
Showing prejudice towards others does not require a high level of cognitive ability and could easily be exhibited by artificially intelligent machines, new research has suggested.
A new study in the INFORMS journal Management Science shows how to improve the success rate of an innovative kidney matching process called kidney exchange. The enhancement centers on a new concept called 'failure-aware' matching that takes pre-transplant compatibility failures into account probabilistically. Depending somewhat on the exact setting, the method can roughly double the number of transplants.