Children born in the most recent century have bones that reach full maturity earlier -- by nearly 10 months in girls and nearly seven months in boys -- according to a new study from the University of Missouri School of Medicine.
Scientists have long known that synthetic materials -- called metamaterials -- can manipulate electromagnetic waves such as visible light to make them behave in ways that cannot be found in nature. That has led to breakthroughs such as super-high resolution imaging. Now, UMass Lowell is part of a research team that is taking the technology of manipulating light in a new direction.
Research led by Suresh Alahari, Ph.D., Fred Brazda Professor of Biochemistry and Microbiology at LSU Health New Orleans, suggests a novel protein may be a promising therapeutic target to treat or prevent metabolic disorders. The study also reported for the first time metabolic distinctions between male and female mice.
A new study from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing's Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research (CHOPR) describes the quality of end of life care in nearly 500 US hospitals, utilizing nearly 13,000 bedside nurses as informants of quality. The study has been published online first. It will also be in a future issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
Conway, Perkin and team from Texas A&M identified the Conchos shiner in U.S. waters of the Rio Grande. Previously, the Conchos shiner was considered restricted to the upper parts of the Rio Conchos drainage in Mexico.
New Haven, Conn. -- In-school nutrition policies and programs that promote healthier eating habits among middle school students limit increases in body mass index (BMI), a new study led by the Yale School of Public Health finds.
New study from researchers at the UConn Rudd Center and Yale School of Public Health finds that middle school students who receive nutrition policy interventions experience an increase in body mass of less than 1 percent, while students who do not receive these interventions experience an increase in body mass of 3-4 percent. Students with these interventions also report eating less fast food and consuming fewer sugary drinks.
This study used a complex method to analyze report card release dates and cases of child physical abuse called into a hotline and verified by Florida's child welfare agency for elementary school children during an academic year. In an analysis that included 1,943 cases of verified child physical abuse, calls that resulted in verified cases came in at a higher rate on Saturdays when report cards were released on Fridays.
Formal academic credentials play a relatively minor role in the UK labor market, with the majority of employers placing greater emphasis on 'job readiness,' according to a new study that analyzed more than 21 million UK job adverts.
While many viruses remain unknown and uncultivated, advances in genome sequencing and analyses have allowed researchers to identify more than 750,000 uncultivated virus genomes from metagenomic and metatranscriptomic data sets. As more and more researchers continue to assemble new genome sequences of uncultivated viruses, researchers at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) led a community effort to develop guidelines and best practices for defining virus data quality, reported in Nature Biotechnology.